Norway is one of the leading countries conforming to the guidelines from the Bologna Process in European higher education. The degree system based on the Bachelor's, Masters and Ph.D. structure has been successfully implemented, together with the ECTS credit system.
ECTS credit system
All courses and degrees at the University of Tromsø are measured in "studiepoeng" according to the ECTS standard (European Credit Transfer and Accumulation System). Each course unit has a workload of 3 - 30 "studiepoeng"/ECTS credits. The full-time workload for one academic year is 60 "studiepoeng"/ECTS credits.
The workload of each course is based on an estimate of the total time required for completing studies and exams (lectures, seminars, readings, individual preparation etc.). There is no exact national or institutional standard for measuring of workload. Workload estimates are based on custom and tradition within each academic field.
The Bachelor's degree is obtained after three years of study and has a full time workload of 180 "studiepoeng"/ECTS credits.
The Master's degree is obtained after 1 ½ -2 years of study following completion of a Bachelor's degree or other qualifications recognized as being on par with a Bachelor's degree. The full time workload of the Master's Degree is 90-120 "studiepoeng"/ECTS credits. An important part of this degree is independent research work between 30-60 "studiepoeng"/ECTS credits.
The one-tier Master's degree is obtained after 5 years of study and has a full time workload of 300 "studiepoeng"/ECTS credits. An important part of this degree is independent research work between 30-60 "studiepoeng"/ECTS credits.
Various professional qualifications are awarded. These programmes/degrees are of 4-6 years' duration and cover both regulated and non-regulated professions.
The Doctoral degree Philosophiae Doctor (PhD) is awarded after three years of study following completion of a Master's degree or a professional degree/programme.
A number of assessment methods are in use at the University of Tromsø. The most common ones are: Written exams, oral exams, portfolio assessment, written assignments to take home and joint project papers written together with fellow students.
The written and oral exams set at the university last from one to eight hours. The different assignments and papers to take home vary from a work period of a couple of days to a whole semester. The course lecturer will provide supervision during the work period.
Grades for undergraduate and postgraduate examinations at the University of Tromsø are awarded according to a graded scale from A (highest) to F (lowest), with E as the minimum pass grade. In contrast to the ECTS grading scale, which is a convertion table, the Norwegian scale is qualitative rather than quantitative. However, it is expected that the distribution of grades along qualitative criteria will vary only slightly from the quantitative ECTS grades, given a large number of exams and in a time span of 3-5 years. The qualitative grades are awarded according to the following criteria:
||Excellent||An excellent performance, clearly outstanding. The candidate demonstrates excellent judgement and a high degree of independent thinking.|
||Very good||A very good performance. The candidate demonstrates sound judgement and a very good degree of independent thinking.|
|C||Good||A good performance in most areas. The candidate demonstrates a reasonable degree of judgement and independent thinking in the most important areas.|
||Satisfactory||A satisfactory performance, but with significant shortcomings. The candidate demonstrates a limited degree of judgement and independent thinking.|
|E||Sufficient||A performance that meets the minimum criteria, but no more. The candidate demonstrates a very limited degree of judgement and independent thinking.|
||Fail||A performance that does not meet the minimum academic criteria. The candidate demonstrates an absence of both judgement and independent thinking.|
For some examinations a pass/fail grade is given. There is no transfer of grades from the first scale to the second.