Publications

2021:

  • Yafei Huang, Muhammad S.Virk, Xingliang Jiang, 'Ice accretion study of FXBW4-220 transmission line composite insulator and anti-icing geometery optimization' (2021), Electrical Power Systems Research, vol 194.

2020:

  • Sokolov, Pavlo; Virk, Muhammad Shakeel. Aerodynamic forces on iced cylinder for dry ice accretion – A numerical study. (2020) Journal of Wind Engineering and Industrial Aerodynamics. 
  • Jin, Jia Yi; Virk, Muhammad Shakeel; Qin, hu; Jiang, Xingliang. 'Study of Ice Accretion on Horizontal Axis Wind Turbine Blade using 2D and 3D Numerical Approach'. IEEE Access 2020
  • Huang, Yafei; Jiang, XingliangVirk, Muhammad Shakeel. ‘Study of inverted T-shape insulator strings in icing conditions’. (2020), Cold Regions Science and Technology; vol 173.
  • Huang, Yafei; Jiang, XingliangVirk, Muhammad Shakeel. ‘Study of wind flow angle and velocity on ice accretion of transmission line composite insulators’. (2020), IEEE Access.
  • Sokolov, Pavlo; Virk, Muhammad Shakeel. ‘An investigation into empirical ice density formulations for dry ice growth on cylinders’. (2020), Cold Regions Science and Technology.
  • Jia Yi Jin, Rizwan Ghani, Muhammad Shakeel Virk,’ Wind Turbine Wake Effects on Wind Resource Assessments – a Case Study’. (2020) E3S Web of Conferences; Volume 186.
  • Virk, Muhammad Shakeel.,’ Wind Turbine Operations in Icing Conditions. 3rd International Conference on Renewable Energy and Environment Engineering (REEE 2020).
  • Yousuf, Adeel; Jin, Jia Yi; Sokolov, Pavlo; Virk, Muhammad Shakeel.
    Study of ice accretion on wind turbine blade profiles using thermal infrared imaging. (2020) Wind Engineering: The International Journal of Wind Power.
  • Lindvall, Johannes; Lee, Leon; Lehtomäki, Ville; Virk, Muhammad Shakeel; Hann, Richard; Revstedt, Johan; Jin, Jia Yi. ‘A CFD benchmark: Ice accretion on a wind turbine blade.’ (2020) WinterWind Conference.
  • Lindvall, Johannes; Lee, Leon; Virk, Muhammad Shakeel; Jin, Jia Yi; Lehtomäki, Ville; Hann, Richard; Revstedt, Johan, ‘A CFD benchmark study of ice accretion on a wind turbine blade and a comparison to the ice accretion of a rotating blade cylinder model. (2020). WinterWind- International Wind Energy Conference.

 2019:

  • Jin, Jia Yi; Virk, Muhammad Shakeel. ‘Experimental study of ice accretion on S826 & S832 wind turbine blade profiles’ (2019) Cold Regions Science and Technology. (DOI: https://doi.org/10.1016/j.coldregions.2019.102913)
  • Pavlo Sokolov & Muhammad S Virk,’ Droplet distribution spectrum effects on dry ice growth on cylinders, Cold regions science & technology (2019). Vol 160, pp 80-88. (DOI: https://doi.org/10.1016/j.coldregions.2019.102906)
  • Jia Yi Jin, Muhammad S Virk,’ Study of Ice Accretion and Icing Effects on Aerodynamic Characteristics of DU96 Wind Turbine Blade Profile’ Cold regions science & technology (2019). Vol 160, PP 119-127.
  • Ghani, Rizwan; Virk, Muhammad Shakeel; Mustafa, Mohamad; Kangash, Aleksei; Maryandshev, Pavel. Wind energy at remote islands in arctic region—A case study of Solovetsky islands. (2019) Journal of Renewable and Sustainable Energy.
  • Rizwan Ghani, Muhammad S Virk, Aleksei Kangash, Pavel Marayandshev, Viktar Lubov & Mohamad Mustafa,’ Review of energy demands and wind resource assesement of the Solovetsky Archipelago’ (2019), International journal of smart grid and clean energy, vol 8 (4), pp 430-435.
  • Jia Yi Jin, Muhammad S Virk, Torgeir Blæsterdalen,’ Icing events assessment of a wind park in high wind speed’ (2019), International journal of smart grid and clean energy, vol 8 (3), pp 276-281.
  • Alsabagh, Abdel S.Y.; Virk, Muhammad Shakeel; Xu, Yigeng; Badran, Omar. Computational Fluid Dynamics Analysis of The Effect of Atmospheric Icing on the generated power of wind turbines. (2019) International Conference on Mechanical and Aerospace Engineering
  • Sokolov, Pavlo; Virk, Muhammad Shakeel. Modelling of dry ice accretion on cylinders- a case study of present analytical state. (2019) International Workshop of Atmospheric Ice Accretion on Structures (IWAIS)
  • Jin, Jia Yi; Virk, Muhammad Shakeel. Ice accretion on wind turbine blade- an experimental study of S819 airfoil. (2019) International Workshop of Atmospheric Ice Accretion on Structures (IWAIS)

2018:

  • Pavlo Sokolov, Jia Yi Jin & Muhammad S Virk,’ Accreted ice mass ratio (k-factor) for rotating wind turbine blade profile and circular cylinder’ (2018), Wind Energy, DOI: 10.1002/we.2298
  • Jia Yi Jin, Muhammad S Virk,’ Study of ice accretion along symmetric & asymmetric airfoils’ (2018), Journal of wind engineering & industrial aerodynamics, vol 179, pp 240-249.
  • Pavlo Sokolov & Muhammad S Virk,’ Analytical parametrization of droplet collision efficiency on cylinders – a review study, Cold regions science & technology (2018). https://doi.org/10.1016/j.coldregions.2018.08.015
  • Edison H Caicedo & Muhammad S Virk,’ Aeroacoiustic response of wi76nd turbine blade in normal and icing conditions’ (2018). Wind Engineering; DOI : https://doi.org/10.1177/0309524X17751260
  • Jia Yi Jin, Pavlo Sokolov & Muhammad S.Virk ‘ Wind resource assessment in cold regions- a numerical study’ (2018) applied mechanics and material; vol 875, pp 94-99.
  • Edison H Caicedo & Muhammad S Virk,’ Numerical study of NACA 0012 aeroacoustics response of normal and icing conditions’ (2018) applied mechanics and material; vol 875, pp 89-93.
  • Byrkjedal, Øyvind; Iversen, Emilie C.; Nygaard, Bjørn Egil Kringlebotn; Gutman, Igor; Mc Innes, Harold; Karlsson, Timo; Virk, Muhammad; Welgaard, Øyvind. Development of a reliable modeling system for the calculation of rime ice loads on overhead transmission lines. Winterwind 2018; 2018-02-06 - 2018-02-08
  • Ghani, Rizwan; Mustafa, Mohamad; Virk, Muhammad; Kangash, Aleksei; Maryandyshev, Pavel; Lubov, Viktor. Review of energy demands and wind resource assessment of the Solovetsky Archipelago. 2nd International Conference on Renewable Energy and Environment (ICREE 2018)
  • Jin, Jia Yi; Blæsterdalen, Torgeir; Virk, Muhammad. Icing Events Assessment of a Wind Park in High Wind Speed. 2nd International Conference on Renewable Energy and Environment (ICREE 2018)
  • Sokolov, Pavlo; Jin, Jia Yi; Virk, Muhammad Shakeel. On the empirical k-factor in ice accretion on wind turbines: A numerical study. I: 2017 2nd International Conference on Power and Renewable Energy (ICPRE 2017). IEEE conference proceedings 2018 ISBN 978-1-5386-2156-1
  • Virk, Muhammad; Afzal, Faizan. Review of Icing Effects on Wind Turbine in Cold Regions. E3S Web of Conferences2018 ;Volume 72

2017:

  • Virk, Muhammad Shakeel. ‘Ice accretion on circular cylinder in relation to its diameter’. Wind Engineering : The International Journal of Wind Power2017 ;Volum 41.(1) s. 55-61
  • Afzal, Faizan; Virk, Muhammad Shakeel. Review of icing effects on wind turbine in cold regions. (2017), 2nd IEEE International Conference on Power and Renewable Energy
  • Byrkjedal, Øyvind; Nygaard, Bjørn Egil Kringlebotn; Welgaard, Øyvind; Gutman, Igor; Karlsson, Timo; Virk, Muhammad Shakeel; Mc Innes, Harold; Iversen, Emilie C.; Fredbo, Maren; Ágústsson, Hálfdán. Development of a reliable modeling system for the calculation of rime ice loads on overhead transmission lines. (2017), European Meteorological Society Annual Meeting
  • Jiayi, Jin; Virk, Muhammad Shakeel. SCADA Data Ananlysis of Wind Farm in Cold Climate Regions. The 17th International Workshop on Atmospheric Icing of Structures (IWAIS 2017);
  • Jin, Jia Yi; Virk, Muhammad Shakeel. Seasonal weather effects on wind power production in ice prone regions - a case study. (2017), 2nd IEEE International Conference on Power and Renewable Energy
  • Mughal, Umair Najeeb; Virk, Muhammad Shakeel. Atmospheric icing intensity on slowly rotating hexagonal prism and cylinder with fins. AIP Conference Proceedings2017 ;Volume 1798
  • Nygaard, Bjørn Egil Kringlebotn; Byrkjedal, Øyvind; Welgaard, Øyvind; Gutman, Igor; Karlsson, Timo; Virk, Muhammad Shakeel; Mc Innes, Harold; Iversen, Emilie C.; Fredbo, Maren; Ágústsson, Hálfdán. Development of a reliable modeling system for the calculation of rime ice loads on overhead transmission lines. IWAIS2017
  • Sokolov, Pavlo; Virk, Muhammad Shakeel; Jin, Jia Yi. On the Empirical k--factor in Ice Accretion on Wind Turbines: A Numerical Study. (2017), 2nd IEEE International Conference on Power and Renewable Energy;
  • Solokov, Pavlo; Virk, Muhammad Shakeel; Karlsson, Timo; Tiihonen, Mikko. Ice Accretion on Cylinders for Different Droplet Distribution Spectrums. The 17th International Workshop on Atmospheric Icing of Structures (IWAIS 2017)
  • Virk, Muhammad Shakeel. Atmospheric Icing of Transmission Line Circular Conductor Bundles in Triplex Configuration. I: Proceedings of 2016 IEEE International Conference on Power and Renewable Energy (ICPRE 2016), October 21-23, 2016, Shanghai, China. IEEE conference proceedings 2017 ISBN 978-1-5090-3068-2. p. 24-28
  • Virk, Muhammad Shakeel. Wind Turbine Blade Profile Thickness Effects on Atmospheric Ice Accretion. I: Proceedings of 2016 IEEE International Conference on Power and Renewable Energy (ICPRE 2016), October 21-23, 2016, Shanghai, China. IEEE conference proceedings 2017 ISBN 978-1-5090-3068-2. p. 96-99

2016:

  • Mughal, Umair Najeeb; Virk, Muhammad Shakeel.‘Numerical study of atmospheric ice accretion on rotating geometric cross sections with fins’. (2016). Journal of Computational Multiphase Flows ;Volum 8.(1) s. 3-14
  • Mughal, Umair Najeeb; Virk, Muhammad Shakeel; Mustafa, Mohamad.‘State of the Art Review of Atmospheric Icing Sensors’. (2016), Sensors & Transducers Journal ;Volum 198.(3)
  • Virk, Muhammad Shakeel.‘Ice accretion on circular cylinder in relation to its diameter’ (2016).Wind Engineering : The International Journal of Wind Power. s. 1-7
  • Virk, Muhammad Shakeel.‘Multiphase Numerical Study of Ice Accretion on Circular Cylinders in Duplex Configuration’. (2016).  Applied Mechanics and Materials ;Volum 851. s. 249-254
  • Muhammad Virk,’ Effect of wind turbine blade profile symmetry on ice accretion’ (2016). Applied Mechanics and Materials ;Volum 863. s. 229-234.
  • Bilal, Muhammad; Birkelund, Yngve; Homola, Matthew Carl; Virk, Muhammad Shakeel.‘Wind over complex terrain e Microscale modelling with two types of mesoscale winds at Nygårdsfjell’. (2016).Renewable Energy 2016 ;Volum 99. s. 647-653
  • Mughal, Umair Najeeb; Virk, Muhammad Shakeel; kosugi, kenji; mochizuki, shigeto.‘Experimental Validation of Icing Rate Using Rotational Load’. (2016).Cold Regions Science and Technology 2016 ;Volum 127. s. 18-24
  • Mughal, Umair Najeeb; Virk, Muhammad Shakeel; Mustafa, Mohamad.‘Multiphysics Based Design Study of an Atmospheric Icing Sensor’. (2016), The International Journal of Multiphysics
  • Virk, Muhammad Shakeel; Mughal, Umair Najeeb; Hu, Q; Jiang, X.‘Multiphysics based Numerical Study of Atmospheric Ice Accretion on a Full Scale Horizontal Axis Wind Turbine Blade’. (2016).  The International Journal of Multiphysics ;Volum 10.(3) s. 237-245
  • Virk, Muhammad Shakeel.‘Field Study of Ice Detection on Structures Using Passive Thermal Infrared Imaging’. (2016). SENSORCOMM, International Conference on Sensor Technologies and Applications 2016 s. 25-29

2015:

  • Alsabagh, Abdel S.Y.; Xu, Yigeng; Virk, Muhammad Shakeel; Badran, Omar.Atmospheric ice loading and its impact on natural frequencies of wind turbines. (2015) Wind Engineering : The International Journal of Wind Power, Volume 39.(1) s. 83-96
  • Mughal, Umair Najeeb; Makarova, Marina; Virk, Muhammad Shakeel; Polanco Pinerez, Geanette.
    A case study to estimate thermal conductivity of ABS in Cold Climate Chamber. (2015). International Journal of Engineering and Technology  
  • Mughal, Umair Najeeb; Virk, Muhammad Shakeel.Torque and Axial Loading Physics for Measuring Atmospheric Icing Load and Icing Rate. (2015). Sensors & Transducers Journal. s. 136-145
  • Mughal, Umair Najeeb; Virk, Muhammad Shakeel; Polanco Pinerez, Geanette.Atmospheric ice accretion on non-rotating vertical circular cylinder. (2015). International Journal of Engineering and Technology 
  • Mughal, Umair Najeeb; Virk, Muhammad Shakeel; Polanco Pinerez, Geanette; Victor, Sojo; Jose, Da Paixao; Antonio, Vidal; Orlando, Aguillon.Encapsulated Water Hammer: Theoretical/Experimental Study. (2015). International Journal of Engineering and Technology. 
  • Mughal, Umair Najeeb; Virk, Muhammad Shakeel; Rashid, Taimur.Charge Transfer Scheme for Atmospheric Ice Sensing. (2015).Sensors & Transducers Journal ;Volume 184.(1) s. 146-152
  • Mughal, Umair Najeeb; Virk, Muhammad Shakeel.Using Multiphysics for Detecting Atmospheric Ice Through MuVi Graphene – Atmospheric Icing Sensor. (2015)- Proceedings of the 2015 Comsol Conference.
  • Mughal, Umair Najeeb; Virk, Muhammad Shakeel.MuVi – Hybrid Atmospheric Icing Sensor. (2015). Proceeding of International Workshop of Atmospheric Icing on Structures. 
  • Mughal, Umair Najeeb; Virk, Muhammad Shakeel.Numerical Study of Atmospheric Ice Accretion on Wind Turbines. (2015). Proceeding of International Workshop of Atmospheric Icing on Structures. 

2014: 

  • Geanette Polanco & Muhammad S. Virk,’ Numerical study of wind resource assessment of a complex terrain’ (2014), Wind Engineering, volume 38, issue 2, pp 19-26.
  • Rashid, Taimur; Mughal, Umair Najeeb; Mustafa, Mohamad; Virk, Muhammad Shakeel.
    A field study of atmospheric icing analysis in a complex terrain of the high north. International Journal of Ocean and Climate Systems (2014); Volum 5.(4) s. 189-197
  • Alsabagh, Abdel S.Y.; Xu, Yigeng; Virk, Muhammad Shakeel; Badran, Omar.
    Serious Consequences due to Excessive Ice Accumulation on a Typical Wind Turbine. (2014)- Winterwind International Wind Energy Conference
  • Mughal, Umair Najeeb; Mughal, Uzair; Virk, Muhammad Shakeel. 
    Cognitive Decision Making for Measuring Icing Load for Cold Regions. I: Proceedings 5th IEEE Conference on Cognitive Infocommunications (CogInfoCom 2014). IEEE conference proceedings (2014)- ISBN 978-1-4799-7280-7. s. 283-288
  • Mughal, Umair Najeeb; Virk, Muhammad Shakeel.Analytical Modeling of Conductivity of Atmospheric Ice - Part I.  AIP Conference Proceedings 1637. American Institute of Physics (2014) ISBN 978-0-7354-1276-7.
  • Umair N Mughal & Muhammad S. Virk,’ Efficacy of Electric Motors in Cold Regions’. (2014), Winterwind conference, Sweden.
  • Mughal, Umair Najeeb; Virk, Muhammad Shakeel.‘Evaluation of Torque and Axial Loading Physics for Atmospheric Icing Sensors’.  The Eighth International Conference on Sensor Technologies and Applications (SENSORCOMM 2014). International Academy, Research and Industry Association (IARIA) 2014 ISBN 9781634396141. s. 32-38
  • Mughal, Umair Najeeb; Virk, Muhammad Shakeel.Physical Techniques for Robust Measurement of Icing Parameters,  ICCCT 2014-International Conference on Cold Climate Technology, Narvik, Norway, 26-28 May 2014. Narvik: NORUT Narvik 2014 ISBN 978-82-999624-0-7. s. 49-49
  • Mughal, Umair Najeeb; Virk, Muhammad Shakeel.‘Shape Optimization of Atmospheric Icing Sensor Using Cognitive Computer Aided Approach’: Proceedings 5th IEEE Conference on Cognitive Infocommunications (CogInfoCom 2014). IEEE conference proceedings 2014 ISBN 978-1-4799-7280-7. s. 279-282
  • Mughal, Uzair; Mughal, Umair Najeeb; Virk, Muhammad Shakeel. ‘Design and Manufacturing of Atmospheric Icing Sensor Using a Computer Aided Manufacturing Facility’: ICCCT 2014 Abstracts of the International Conference on Cold Climate Technology, ISBN 978-82-999624-0-7. s. 53-53
  • Petrich, Christian; Mustafa, Mohamad; Sand, Bjørnar; Virk, Muhammad Shakeel; Bård, Arntsen; Nilsen, Trond.‘ColdTech - Sustainable Cold Climate Technology’. International Conference on Cold Climate Technology 2014, ICCCT 2014.
  • Polanco, Geanette; Virk, Muhammad Shakeel; Homola, Matthew C.‘Wind Turbine's Operation in High North’: ICCCT 2014 Abstracts of the International Conference on Cold Climate Technology, Narvik, Norway, 26-28 May 2014. Narvik: NORUT Narvik 2014 ISBN 978-82-999624-0-7. s. 16-16
  • Rashid, Taimur; Mughal, Umair Najeeb; Virk, Muhammad Shakeel.‘Application of Self and Mutual Capacitance Techniques for Atmospheric Ice Detection and Measurements’. I: ICCCT 2014 Abstracts of the International Conference on Cold Climate Technology, Narvik, Norway, 26-28 May 2014. Narvik: NORUT Narvik 2014 ISBN 978-82-999624-0-7. s. 52-52
  • Rashid, Taimur; Mughal, Umair Najeeb; Virk, Muhammad Shakeel.Cognitive Adaptability of Capacitive Sensors for Cold Regions. Proceedings 5th IEEE Conference on Cognitive Infocommunications (CogInfoCom 2014). IEEE conference proceedings 2014 ISBN 978-1-4799-7280-7. s. 289-294
  • Rashid, Taimur; Mughal, Umair Najeeb; Virk, Muhammad Shakeel.‘Feasibility of Charge Transfer Based Atmospheric Ice Sensing’. The Eighth International Conference on Sensor Technologies and Applications (SENSORCOMM 2014). International Academy, Research and Industry Association (IARIA) 2014 ISBN 9781634396141. s. 27-31
  • Virk, Muhammad Shakeel; Mughal, Umair Najeeb; Mustafa, Mohamad.Study of Atmospheric Ice Accretion on Structures Using CFD Based Multiphase Numerical Approach. International Conference on Cold Climate Technology 2014, ICCCT 2014; 2014-05-26 - 2014-05-28
  • Xu, Yizhong; Mustafa, Mohamad; Virk, Muhammad Shakeel; Polanco, Geanette.
    Numerical Modeling of Snowdrift Development Around a Porous Fence. International Conference on Cold Climate Technology 2014, ICCCT 2014; 2014-05-26 - 2014-05-28
  • Xu, Yizhong; Mustafa, Mohamad; Virk, Muhammad Shakeel; Polanco, Geanette.
    Numerical Modeling of Snowdrift Development Around a Porous Fence. I: ICCCT 2014 Abstracts of the International Conference on Cold Climate Technology, Narvik, Norway, 26-28 May 2014. Narvik: NORUT Narvik 2014 ISBN 978-82-999624-0-7. s. 18-18
  • Zaman, Kamran; Mustafa, Mohamad; Mughal, Umair Najeeb; Virk, Muhammad Shakeel.
    Intelligent Anti/Deicing System for Structures in Cold Regions. International Conference on Cold Climate Technology 2014, ICCCT 2014; 2014-05-26 - 2014-05-28
  • Zaman, Kamran; Mustafa, Mohamad; Mughal, Umair Najeeb; Virk, Muhammad Shakeel.
    Intelligent Anti/Deicing System for Structures in Cold Regions: ICCCT 2014 Abstracts of the International Conference on Cold Climate Technology, Narvik, Norway, 26-28 May 2014. Narvik: NORUT Narvik 2014 ISBN 978-82-999624-0-7. s. 54-54.

2013:

  • Muhammad S Virk, Taimur Rashid & Mohamed Y Mustafa, ‘Atmospheric ice monitoring system operating at remote locations in cold regions, (2013), International journal of Energy and Environment , volume 4, issue 5, pp 895-902.
  • Muhammad S. Virk, Atmospheric Ice Accretion on Circular overhead powerline conductors installed in tandem arrangement, (2013), International journal of computational multiphase flow, volume 5, issue 1, pp 73-81.
  • Umair N Mugh1, Muhammad S. Virk & MUSTAFA, M. Y., Review of Capacitive Icing Sensor. (2013), Sensor & Transducer Journal , volume 18, pp 24-32.
  • Rizwan Ghani & Muhammad S. Virk, Experimental study of atmospheric ice detection on wind turbine blades using thermal infrared techniques, (2013), Wind Engineering, volume 37, issue 1, pp 71-78.
  • Sharavan K B, Umair N Mughal & Muhammad S. Virk, Experimental study of relative permittivity of atmospheric ice. (2013), International journal of Energy and Environment, volume 4, issue 3, pp 369-376.
  • Yizhong Xu, Muhammad S. Virk, Jason Knight, Mohamad Y. Mustafa, George Haritos, Factors influencing the performance of porous wind shield, (2013), Applied mechanics and materials, volume 321-324, pp 799-803.
  • Kamran Zaman, Umair N Mughal & Muhammad S Virk, Design of an intelligent deicing system for offshore structures, (2013), Applied mechanics and material, volume 321-324, pp 1602-1608.
  • Abdul Salam Y A, Muhammad S. Virk, William Tiu & Yigeng Xu, A Review of effect of atmospheric ice accretion on structural behavior of wind turbine blades. (2013), Wind Engineering, volume 37, pp 59-70.
  • Muhammad S. Virk, Application of Passive Thermal Infrared Imaging to Study Ice and Snow Accretion on Automobiles in Cold Regions, (2013), advanced material research, volume 739, pp 481-485.
  • Muhammad S.Virk, Taimur Rashid, Umair N Mughal, Kamran Zaman & Mohamed Y Mustafa, Multi sensor atmospheric icing station performance in cold climate- a case study. (2013), 7th International Conference on Sensor Technologies and Applications (SNESORCOMM 2013) Barcelona. ISBN: 978-1-61208-296-7.
  • Umair N Mughal & Muhammad S. Virk, Atmospheric icing sensor- an insight. (2013), 7th International Conference on Sensor Technologies and Applications (SNESORCOMM 2013), Barcelona. ISBN: 978-1-61208-296-7.
  • Muhammad S.Virk, Taimur Rashid, Umair N Mughal & Mohamed Y Mustafa, Ice detection on road surface using passive thermal infrared technique. COMADEM 2013, Helsinki. ISSN 1363-7681
  • Muhammad Virk, Umair N Mughal & Mohamed Y Mustafa, Field Measurements of Atmospheric Icing from an Ice Monitoring Station Installed at Fagernesfjellet in Northern Norway, COMADEM 2013, Helsinki. ISSN 1363-7681
  • Umair N Mughal, Muhammad S Virk & MUSTAFA, M. Y. Dielectric Potential for Ice measurements. (2013), 39TH INTERNATIONAL CONFERENCE APPLICATIONS OF MATHEMATICS IN ENGINEERING AND ECONOMICS AMEE13. American Institute of Physics (AIP),  ISBN 978-07354-1198-2. s. 212-220
  • Muhammad S Virk. Numerical study of super cooled water droplet splashing and distribution spectrum on atmospheric ice accretion of wind turbine blade. (2013), 39TH INTERNATIONAL CONFERENCE APPLICATIONS OF MATHEMATICS IN ENGINEERING AND ECONOMICS AMEE13. American Institute of Physics (AIP) , ISBN 978-07354-1198-2. s. 163-171.
  • Umair N Mughal & Muhammad S Virk,’ Universal dielectric response of atmospheric ice using COMSOL’ (2013), COMSOL user conference, Rotterdam Netherland, ISBN: 978-0-9910001-5-9.
  • Taimur Rashid, Umair N Mughal & Muhammad S.Virk, ‘Atmospheric icing sensors for UAV’s’ (2013), 4th IEEE International Conference on Cognitive Infocommunications (CogInfoCom 2013). IEEE conference proceedings 2013, ISBN 978-1-4799-1544-6. s. 725-728.
  • Umair N Mughal, Taimur Rashid & Muhammad S.Virk, ‘E- driven technology for cold regions’4th IEEE International Conference on Cognitive Infocommunications (CogInfoCom 2013). IEEE conference proceedings 2013, ISBN 978-1-4799-1544-6. s. 683-686.
  • Umair N.Mughal, Taimur Rashid & Muhammad S.Virk, ‘Intelligent ice protection system for offshore structures in high north’ 4th IEEE International Conference on Cognitive Infocommunications (CogInfoCom 2013). IEEE conference proceedings 2013 ISBN 978-1-4799-1544-6. s. 665-669.
  • Geanette Polanco & Muhammad S.Virk, ‘Role of advance CAE tools in wind resource assessment optimization of complex terrains’ 4th IEEE International Conference on Cognitive Infocommunications (CogInfoCom 2013). IEEE conference proceedings 2013 ISBN 978-1-4799-1544-6. s. 687-691.
  • Muhammad S.Virk, Atmospheric Icing on structures: COLDTECH-RT3 Perspective, 15th International Workshop on Atmospheric icing on structures (IWAIS-2013), Newfoundland Canada 8-11 September 2013.

2012: 

  • Muhammad S. Virk, Matthew C. Homola & Per J. Nicklasson, Atmospheric Icing on Large Wind Turbine Blades, (2012), International Journal of Energy & Environment, Volume 3, Issue 1, pp.1-8.
  • Muhammad S.Virk, Atmospheric ice accretion on air intake louvers of buildings in cold regions, (2012), International journal of Multiphysics, volume 6, number 4, pp: 379-390.
  • H. A. Khawaja, S. A. Scott, Muhammad. S. Virk ,M. Moatamedi, ‘Qualitative Analysis of Accuracy in Voidage Computations in CFD-DEM simulations’ (2012), International journal of computational multiphase flow, volume 4, number 2, pp. 183-192.
  • Umair N Mugh1, Muhammad S. Virk & MUSTAFA, M. Y., Atmospheric icing sensor- a conceptual review using matter and icing electromagnetism, (2012), International journal of Multiphysics, volume 6, number 4.
  • Muhammad S Virk, Matthew C Homola, Per J Nicklasson and Per Arne Sundsbø, Performance losses due to ice accretion for a 5 MW wind turbine, (2012), Wind Energy , volume 15, number 3, pp: 379-389.
  • Muhammad S.Virk, Study of Atmospheric Ice Accretion on onshore Structures using CFD based numerical appraoch. 9th International conference heat transfer, fluid dynamics and thermodynamics (HEAFAT 2012) 16-18, July 2012, Malta. ISBN: 978-1-86854-986-3.
  • CALAY, R. K., MUSTAFA, M. Y. & Muhammad S. Virk, Analytical analysis of Fuel Cell - Gas Turbine Hybrid Power System for Enhanced Energy Efficiency. American institute of Physics (AIP) Conference Proceedings; Nov2012, Vol. 1497 Issue 1, p84-91, ISSN: 0094243X.
  • Umair N. Mughal, Muhammad S. VIRK, & Mohamed Y. Mustafa., Review of Capacitive Atmospheric Icing Sensors. SENSORCOMM 2012: The Sixth International Conference on Sensor Technologies and Applications, 19-24 August 2012, Rome Italy. ISBN: 978-1-61208-207-3.
  • MUSTAFA, M. Y., Muhammad S. VI, AL-HAMDAN, Q. Z. & MUGHAL, U. N. Experimental Investigation of Appropriate Conditions for Atmospheric Ice Accretion on Onshore Structures in the Arctic Region. 2nd LATIN AMERICAN & CARIBBEAN CONFERENCE ON THEORETICAL AND APPLIED MECHANICS (LACCOTAM 2012) 24-26 September 2012, Caracas, Venezuela. ISBN : 978-980-7541-00-8
  • Muhammad S. Virk, KAENNAKHAM, S., MUSTAFA, M. Y. & MOATAMEDI, M. Review of Potential Threats & Challenges to the Arctic Region. The 2nd Latin American & Caribbean Conference on Theoretical and Applied Mechanics (LACCOTAM2012), 24-26 September 2012, Caracas, Venezuela
  • Muhammad S. Virk & MUSTAFA, M. Y. Multiphysics Analyses of Atmospheric Ice Accretion on Structures. The 2nd Latin American & Caribbean Conference on Theoretical and Applied Mechanics (LACCOTAM2012), 24-26 September 2012, Caracas, Venezuela. ISBN : 978-980-7541-00-8
  • Umair N Mughal & Muhammad S Virk, A Numerical Comparison of Dielectric based Measurement of Atmospheric Ice Using Comsol, COMSOL user Conference, 10-12 October, 2012, Milan, Italy, ISBN: 978-0-9910001-5-9.
  • MUSTAFA, M. Y., Muhammad S. VIRK, HAMDAN, Q. Z. & Umair N Mughal. Mathematical Prediction of In-Cloud Icing Conditions Using Data from a Ground Meteorological Station. (2012), 38th Conference on Applications of Mathematics in Engineering and Economics, Sozopol, Bulgaria.
  • Umair N Mughal, Muhammad S Virk & Mohamad Y Mustafa, Using The Molecular Structure Of Atmospheric Ice For Information Sharing, , (2012), Arctic Frontiers  Conference, Tromsø, Norway.
  • Muhammad S Virk, Numerical Modeling of Atmospheric Ice Accretion on Circular Overhead Power Line Conductors in Tandem Arrangement, (2012), Arctic Frontiers Conference, Tromsø, Norway.
  • Muhammad S.Virk, Atmospheric Icing on structures, ColdTech Workshop 2012, DNV-Oslo, Norway
  • Rizwan Ghani & Muhammad S.Virk, Offshore Ice detection using Infrared based image processing techniques, ColdTech Workshop 2012, DNV-Oslo, Norway.
  • Kamran Zaman & Muhammad S.Virk, Intelligent anti/deicing system for large offshore oil platforms, ColdTech Workshop 2012, DNV-Oslo, Norway.
  • Umair N Mughal & Muhammad S.Virk, Design of robust atmospheric icing sensor, ColdTech Workshop 2012, DNV-Oslo, Norway.
  • Mohamad Y Mustafa, Muhammad S Virk, Visual mapping of an atmospheric icing incident at the top of a coastal mountain, ColdTech Workshop 2012, DNV-Oslo, Norway.

2011:

  • Muhammad. S. Virk, Mohamad. Y. Mustafa & Qusai-Alhamdan, A review of measurement techniques of Atmospheric Ice accretion on Structures, (2011), International journal of Multiphysics, volume 5, number 3, pp: 229-240
  • Muhammad. S. Virk, Atmospheric ice accretion on non-rotating circular cylinder, (2011), International journal of computational multiphase flow, volume 5, number 4, pp: 197-205.
  • Muhammad. S. Virk, Numerical study of atmospheric ice accretion on various geometric cross sections, (2011), Wind engineering, volume 35, number 5, pp: 607-614.
  • Muhammad S. Virk, Matthew C. Homola, Per J. Nicklasson  and Per A. Sundsbø, Modelling of ice induced power losses and comparison with observations, Winterwind -2011, February 8-10, Ume°a, Sweden,
  • Muhammad S Virk, Numerical Study of Atmospheric Ice Accretion on Circular Cylinder, (2011), 7th International Conference on Computational Heat and Mass Transfer 18-22 July 2011, Istanbul, Turkey.
  • Muhammad. S. Virk, 'Multiphysics Modeling of Atmospheric Ice Accretion on Circular Overhead Power Line Conductors in Tandem Arrangement', (2011), Multiphysics Conference, Barcelona, Spain.
  • Muhammad. S. Virk, Umair N Mughal & ' Atmospheric Icing Sensors - A Step into Icing Electromagnetism' , (2011), Multiphysics Conference, Barcelona, Spain
  • Muhammad. S. Virk, Mohamad. Y. Mustafa & Qusai-Alhamdan, Experimental Field Measurements of Atmospheric Ice Accretion on Structures, , (2011), Multiphysics Conference, Barcelona, Spain
  • Muhammad. S. Virk , Qusai-Alhamdan & Mohamad. Y. Mustafa , Atmospheric Ice Detection and Measurement Using Image Processing Based Techniques in the Visible and Infrared Spectrums', (2011), Multiphysics Conference, Barcelona, Spain
  • Muhammad S. Virk , Abdel Salam Y. Alsabagh & William Tiu ,Effect of Atmospheric Ice Accretion on the Dynamic Behaviour of Wind Turbine, , (2011), Multiphysics Conference, Barcelona, Spain.
  • Muhammad. S. Virk, Mohamad. Y. Mustafa & Qusai-Alhamdan, 'Atmospheric ice monitoring station in Narvik, Nordområdekonferansen 2011, 14-15 November Bodø, Norway.
  • Muhammad. S. Virk, Mohamad. Y. Mustafa & Umair N Mughal, 'Atmospheric ice accretion on power network cables, Nordområdekonferansen 2011, 14-15 November Bodø, Norway.
  • Muhammad. S. Virk, Mohamad. Y. Mustafa & Umair N Mughal, 'Development of new atmospheric icing sensors, Nordområdekonferansen 2011, 14-15 November Bodø, Norway.
  • Muhammad. S. Virk, Mohamad. Y. Mustafa , M Moatamedi, & Alsabagh Alsalam , 'Design of water shock wave tube for testing composite shell structures, Nordområdekonferansen 2011, 14-15 November Bodø, Norway.
  • Muhammad. S. Virk, Matthew C Homola & Per J Nicklasson, 'Atmospheric Ice accretion on large wind turbine blades, Nordområdekonferansen 2011, 14-15 November Bodø, Norway.
  • Muhammad. S. Virk, Atmospheric Icing & Sensors, ColdTech Mini Conference 2011.
  • Muhammad. S. Virk, Atmospheric Icing & Sensors: Ongoing work status and work plan, ColdTech Work shop 2011.

2010:

  • Muhammad S Virk, Matthew C Homola and Per J Nicklasson, Relation between angle of attack and atmospheric ice accretion on large wind turbine blades, (2010), Wind Engineering, Volume 34, no 6, pp: 607-614.
  • Muhammad S Virk, Matthew C Homola and Per J Nicklasson, Effect of rime ice accretion on aerodynamic characteristics of wind turbine blade profiles, (2010), Wind Engineering , Volume 34, no 2, pp: 207-218
  • Muhammad S Virk, Matthew C Homola, Tomas Wallenius, Per J Nicklasson and Per Arne Sundsbø, Effect of atmospheric temperature and droplet size variation on ice accretion of wind turbine blades, (2010), Journal of wind engineering and industrial aerodynamics, volume 98, pp: 724-729.
  • Muhammad S Virk, Matthew C Homola and Per J Nicklasson, Multiphysics modelling of atmospheric ice accretion on wind turbines, (2010), Multiphysics Conference, Kumamoto, Japan.