Peter C. Smith is Emeritus Professor of Health Policy at Imperial College and Professor of Global Health Economics at the University of York. His main research interests are in the finance and efficiency of health systems, with a special emphasis on the link between research evidence and policy. Current interests include: health system modelling; measuring and improving health system productivity; and universal health coverage. With colleagues he has published widely on these and related topics, including over 150 refereed papers and 14 books as author or editor. Smith has acted in numerous UK governmental advisory capacities, and has also advised many overseas governments and international agencies, including the World Health Organization, the International Monetary Fund, the World Bank, the Inter-American Development Bank, the Global Fund, the European Commission and the Organization for Economic Cooperation and Development.
Gabriella Conti is an Associate Professor in Economics in the Department of Economics and in the Department of Social Science at University College London; co-Investigator of the National Child Development Study (1958 British Birth Cohort); and Research Fellow at the Institute for Fiscal Studies. Her research draws on both the biomedical and the social sciences with the aim of understanding the developmental origins of health inequalities, and the behavioral and biological pathways through which early life conditions affect well-being throughout the lifecourse. She has published in prestigious journals in different disciplines, such as Science, PNAS, the Economic Journal, the Journal of Econometrics and Lancet. She is currently working on several projects on the effects of early life interventions, starting both in the prenatal and in the postnatal period, on maternal and child well-being, on the mechanisms through which they work, and on their interactions with genetic endowments; and on the effects of health insurance on health and labour market outcomes in developing countries. Gabriella holds a PhD in Economics from the University of Essex. Prior to joining UCL, she was a Post-Doctoral Scholar and then an Assistant Professor at the University of Chicago.