Flag icon Flag icon

Gunnar Sander

The Norwegian College of Fishery Science

Job description:

I teach marine resource management and coastal zone planning  (SVF-2501). In addition, I pursue research interest on ecosystem-based ocean management, shipping and environmental assessments.


Research interests

Ecosystem-based ocean management
Marine spatial planning
Ocean governance
Impact assessments
Human industries in the Arctic, particularly shipping, oil and gas, and fisheries 
Arctic governance



2019-01 - University lecturer/associate professor at NCFS

2017 Aug -  Dec: Research stay at Marine and Environmental Law Institute, Dalhousie University, Canada

2014-11 -  2018-12 PhD candidate at NCFS

1998 - 2014-10 Norwegian Polar Institute: Senior advisor, Environmental management section.  

2006-11 - 2009-03 European Environment Agency: Seconded national expert, Arctic environment.

1989-12 - 1998-07 Municipality of Tromsø: Project Supervisor for coor­din­ated land use, trans­port
and environmental planning, later environmental officer for the municipality.

1989-07 - 1989-11 County Governor of Troms, Department of the Environmental: National service.

1987-05 - 1989-06 University of Oslo, Council for environmental studies: Researcher on transport and the environment and lecturing about municipalities' environmental work

1988-89 (4 months) Ministry of the Environment: Advisor on transport and the environment. 

1983-09 - 1986-11 Municipality of Harstad: Planner (land-use, infrastructure and economic planning)  


2017 UiO, Oslo Summer School: Case study research methods (PhD course, 10 ECTS)

2016 UiT, RESULT:  Teaching in higher education - course for PhD fellows. 

2015 UiT: Philosophy of science and ethics (PhD course, 6 ECTS) and
          UiB: Production and interpretation of qualitative data (PhD course, 10 ECTS)

2008-08 - 2009-10 University of Tromsø, Faculty of Law: Master of Laws in Law of the Sea. Master thesis about environmental assessments in the Arctic Ocean (30 ECTS) 

2004-01 - 2004-05 The University courses in Svalbard: The history of Svalbard - an introduction.

1986-08 - 1987-05 University of Oslo: Social anthropology, undergraduate course work 

Spring 1983: Norwegian Technical University (now NTNU), Institute for Social Economy: Advanced courses in Municipal economy and planning and in Regional economy, and Introduction to political economy.

1977 - 1982 (4 1/2 y. full time): Chartered engineer from the Norwegian Technical University (now NTNU), Department for civil engineering, majoring in public infrastructure and planning. Diploma from Institute for town and regional planning on assessing the socioeconomic impacts of petroleum activities for the city of Harstad.

Autumn 1976: University of Oslo: Preparatory courses in history of philosophy, logics and environmental philosophy (examen philosphicum)

1973 - 1976: Stabekk gymnas (secondary school), majoring in science and biology   

2018 UiO, Oslo Summer School: The political economy of public policy (10 ECTS, not exam) 

2011 International Association for Impact Assessment: "Innovative uses of SEA - Strategic sustainability approaches"

2003 University of Roskilde: Strategic Environmental Assessment (PhD course)



I regularly give guest lectures about ecosystem-based ocean management and related issues, Arctic governance and Arctic shipping. Since 2006, I have been a guest lecturer at the University courses in Svalbard (UNIS), teaching environmental impact assessment with a particular focus on scoping. Spring 2019, I am responsible for the course SVF-2501 Mareine resource management and coastal zone planning.

Publications in CRIStin

  • Sander, Gunnar. International Legal Obligations for Environmental Impact Assessment and Strategic Environmental Assessment in the Arctic Ocean. (fulltekst) Brill Nijhoff 2019 ISBN 978-90-04-39169-7.s 211 - 242.s doi: 10.1163/9789004391703_010.

  • Sander, Gunnar. Against all odds? Implementing a policy for ecosystem-based management of the Barents Sea.. Ocean and Coastal Management 2018; Volum 157. ISSN 0964-5691.s 111 - 123.s doi: 10.1016/j.ocecoaman.2018.01.020.

  • Sander, Gunnar. Ecosystem-based management in Canada and Norway: The importance of political leadership and effective decision-making for implementation. Ocean and Coastal Management 2018; Volum 163. ISSN 0964-5691.s 485 - 497.s doi: 10.1016/j.ocecoaman.2018.08.005.

  • Sander, Gunnar. International legal obligations for environmental impact assessment and strategic environmental assessment in the Arctic Ocean. (fulltekst) International Journal of Marine and Coastal Law 2016; Volum 31. ISSN 0927-3522.s 88 - 119.s doi: 10.1163/15718085-12341385.

  • Sander, Gunnar; Gille, Johan; Stępień, Adam; Koivurova, Timo; Thomas, Jennie L.; Gascard, Jean-Claude; Justus, Debra. Changes in Arctic Maritime Transport. (omtale) Brill Nijhoff 2015 (89) ISBN 9789004303171. ISSN 0924-4549.s 81 - 114.s doi: 10.1163/9789004303188_005.

  • Arbo, Peter; Iversen, Audun; Knol, Maaike; Ringholm, Toril M; Sander, Gunnar. Arctic futures: conceptualizations and images of a changing Arctic. Polar Geography 2012. ISSN 1088-937X.s doi: 10.1080/1088937X.2012.724462.

  • Sander, Gunnar. Multi-sector Strategic Environmental Assessment (SEA) in the Arctic Ocean. 2009 ISBN 978-91-977254-1-5.s 163 - 170.

  • Sander, Gunnar. Chapter 1 and 2 in main report (vol 2): Lead Author. Assessment of Assessments Region 1: Arctic Ocean (in vol 3): Author together with Jake Rice. (data) (omtale) (sammendrag) (prosjekt) 2009 ISBN 978-92-807-29764.

  • Sander, Gunnar. National implementation of ecosystem-based ocean management in two Arctic states. Arctic Frontiers 2019-01-20 - 2019-01-25 2019.

  • Sander, Gunnar; Arbo, Peter; Hersoug, Bjørn. Implementation of ecosystem-based ocean management. (fulltekst) (omtale) (prosjekt) 2019 ISBN 978-82-8266-166-9.

  • Ryggvik, Helge; Sander, Gunnar; Weihe, Hans-Jørgen Wallin; Smith-Solbakken, Marie. Striden om oljeboring i nord. (fulltekst) Store Norske Leksikon (Nettutgaven) 2018.

  • Sander, Gunnar. Slow progress towards a better regime for environmental impact assessments. 11th Polar Law Symposium 2018-10-02 - 2018-10-04 2018.

  • Sander, Gunnar. When collaborative planning becomes dysfunctional. ICES Annual Science Conference (data) 2018-09-24 - 2018-09-27 2018.

  • Sander, Gunnar. Implementing ecosystem-based ocean plans: A case study from the Barents Sea and some comparisons with Canadian plans. Contemporary and Emerging Challenges of Shipping in the Northwest Atlantic and Eastern Arctic 2018-08-29 - 2018-08-31 2018.

  • Sander, Gunnar. Arktisk skipsfart - en våt drøm?. Peter F. Hjort-seminaret (prosjekt) 2017-03-15 - 2017-03-15 2017.

  • Sander, Gunnar. Against all odds? Implementing ecosystem-based ocean management in the Barents Sea. MARE 2017 Conference (omtale) 2017-07-04 - 2017-07-07 2017.

  • Sander, Gunnar. Book review: Environmental Impact Assessment in the Arctic: A Guide to Best Practice, by Timo Koivurova and Pamela Lesser. (fulltekst) Review of European, Comparative and International Environmental Law 2017; Volum 26 (2). ISSN 2050-0386.s 182 - 184.s doi: 10.1111/reel.12200.

  • Sander, Gunnar. Arktisk skipsfart: En opphauset århundregammel drøm?. UiT- NTVA seminar i Marin Bioøkonomi 2016-11-10 - 2016-11-10 2016.

  • Sander, Gunnar. Forvaltningsplan for Barentshavet. Seminar for Plan- og økonomikomiten i Troms fylkeskommune 2016-11-15 - 2016-11-15 2016.

  • Sander, Gunnar. Innspill fra Norges fiskerihøgskole til Forvaltningsplan for Norskehavet. Innspillsmøte før oppdatering av forvaltningsplanen gjennom ny stortingsmelding 2016-12-16 - 2016-12-16 2016.

  • Sander, Gunnar. Ingen kan eie Nordpolen. (fulltekst) 2015.

  • Sander, Gunnar. Environmental assessments in the marine Arctic: current legal status and processes to address gaps globally and regionally. Marine Resource Governance Conference (fulltekst) (prosjekt) 2015-10-14 - 2015-10-16 2015.

  • Sander, Gunnar. Three chapters: * Resources and economic activcities in the Arctic: Introduction. * Shipping in the Arctic Ocean. * Ethical considerations related to new economic activities in the Arctic. (omtale) Fagbokforlaget 2015 ISBN 978-82-450-1843-1.

  • Sander, Gunnar. International legal obligations for EIA and SEA in the Arctic Ocean. Marine Resource Governance in the Arctic (data) (sammendrag) 2015-10-14 - 2015-10-16 2015.

  • Sander, Gunnar. Etiske avveininger ved økt næringsaktivitet i Arktis. (fulltekst) Fagbokforlaget 2015 ISBN 978-82-450-1794-6.s 129 - 137.

  • Sander, Gunnar. Skipsfart i Polhavet. (fulltekst) Fagbokforlaget 2015 ISBN 978-82-450-1794-6.s 98 - 105.

  • Sander, Gunnar. Ressurser og næringsliv i Arktis: Innledning. (fulltekst) Fagbokforlaget 2015 ISBN 978-82-450-1794-6.s 96 - 97.

  • Sander, Gunnar. Grenser i Polhavet. (fulltekst) 2015.

  • Sander, Gunnar; Gille, Johan; Stepien, Adam; Koivurova, Timo; Thomas, Jennie L.; Gascard, Jean Claude; Justus, Debra. Changes in Arctic Maritime Transport. 2014.s 34 - 53.

  • Sander, Gunnar. Limits of acceptable change caused by local activities in Ny-Ålesund. Report from a pre-project, containing a proposal for a main project. (sammendrag) 2014.

  • Vold, Johan Nic.; Basili, Irene Waage; Behrens, Hanna Lee; Hovem, Liv A.; Misund, Ole Arve; Moe, Arild; Sander, Gunnar; Stemre, Turid B.. Økt skipsfart i Polhavet - muligheter og utfordringer for Norge. English edition: Increased ship traffic in the Arctic: Opportunities and challenges for Norway. 2013 ISBN 978-82-7177-828-6.s 62 - 66.

  • Sander, Gunnar. The influence of climate change and other drivers on Arctic shipping. Busan International Port Conference 2013: Ports Adapting to Change 2013-11-07 - 2013-11-08 2013.

  • Sander, Gunnar. Limits of acceptable growth in Ny-Ålesund. NP-seminar (omtale) 2013-12-13 - 2013-12-13 2013.

  • Sander, Gunnar. Åpningsinnlegg samt foredrag om "Faggruppen for arktisk skipsfart og anbefalinger om norsk politikk". Seminar om skipsfart i Arktis (omtale) 2013-11-01 - 2013-11-01 2013.

  • Sander, Gunnar. Haster å få på plass rammene for skipsfart i Arktis. (fulltekst) 2013.

  • Arbo, Peter; Knol, Maaike; Sander, Gunnar. Arctic marine governance. MARE People and the Sea Conference 2013-06-26 - 2013-06-28 2013.

  • Sander, Gunnar; Mikkelsen, Eirik Inge. Ingen viktig skipsrute – enda/ The Arctic Ocean is not an important shipping route – yet. (fulltekst) (omtale) Dagavisen Nordlys 2012.

  • Hoel, Alf Håkon; Dahl, irene vanja; Jakobsen, Ingvild Ulrikke; Loeng, Harald; Sander, Gunnar; Skjoldal, Hein Rune. The Arctic Ocean Review. 2011.

  • Sander, Gunnar. Skipsfart i Arktis. (I temanummer "Mot et varmere og våtere nord"). (omtale) Ottar 2011; Volum 4. ISSN 0030-6703.s 58 - 64.

  • Sander, Gunnar. Strandrydding over hele landet. (fulltekst) 2011.

  • Sander, Gunnar; Lahn, Bård. Targets for climate change and international climate negotiations – status before this year’s climate summit. NP-Seminar (omtale) 2011-10-26 - 2011-10-26 2011.

  • Sander, Gunnar. EU endrer kurs i Arktis. (fulltekst) 2011.

  • Sander, Gunnar. Environmental assessments in the Arctic Ocean: A study of international instruments and a gap analysis. Arctic Frontiers (prosjekt) 2010-01-24 - 2010-01-29 2010.

  • Sander, Gunnar. Environmental assessments in the Arctic Ocean. International legal obligations and gaps in existing instruments. (fulltekst) 2009.

  • Hersoug, Bjørn; Sander, Gunnar. Til siste dråpe?. Bladet Nordlys 2009.

  • Sander, Gunnar. Multi-sector strategic environmental assessment in the Arctic. Impacts of climate change on the maritime industry 2008-06-02 - 2008-06-04 2008.

  • Sander, Gunnar; Voigt, Thomas. Section 5.3 Cryosphere (editor with Thomas Voigt) 5.3.4 Greenland ice sheet (author) 5.3.5 Arctic sea ice (author). (fulltekst) 2008 ISBN 978-92-9167-372-8.s 60 - 76.s doi: 10.2800/48117.

  • Sander, Gunnar. Our Arctic Challenge (film). (omtale) (sammendrag) 2007.

  • Arbo, Peter; Sander, Gunnar. Framtidsbilder av nordområdene. Ottar 2006 (2). ISSN 0030-6703.s 71 - 79.

  • Sander, Gunnar; Hanssen-Bauer, Inger; Bjørge, Arne Jostein; Prestrud, Pål. The Environmental Monitoring of Svalbard and Jan Mayen – MOSJ: Documentation of the system and the first assessments of the state of the environment. (fulltekst) (prosjekt) 2006.

  • Sander, Gunnar; Holst, Aina; Shears, John. Environmental impact assesment of the research activities in Ny-Ålesund 2006. (fulltekst) 2006 ISBN 82-7666-233-1.

  • Sander, Gunnar. Innledning til temanummer om Forvaltningen av Barentshavet. Ottar 2006 (2). ISSN 0030-6703.s 2 - 2.

  • Sander, Gunnar; Johansen, Bjørn Fossli. Forvaltningsplanen for Barentshavet - hva er nytt?. Ottar 2006 (2). ISSN 0030-6703.s 3 - 8.

  • Sander, Gunnar; Dommasnes, Are. Kan vi forutsi hva som vil skje med økosystemet i Barentshavet?. Ottar 2006 (2). ISSN 0030-6703.s 29 - 35.

  • Sander, Gunnar. Menneskelig påvirkning og konsekvenser på økosystemet. Ottar 2006 (2). ISSN 0030-6703.s 21 - 28.

  • Sander, Gunnar. Konsekvenser av samlet påvirkning på Lofoten-Barentshavet med dagens aktiviteter og i 2025. Rapport fra faggruppa 15. april 2005. (omtale) 2005.

  • Sander, Gunnar. Integrated management plan for the Norwegian part of the Barents Sea. International Conference on Strategic Environmental Assessment (SEA) (data) 2005-09-26 - 2005-09-30 2005.

  • Sander, Gunnar; Hanssen-Bauer, Inger; Bjørge, Arne Jostein; Prestrud, Pål. Miljøovervåking av Svalbard og Jan Mayen – MOSJ. En dokumentasjon av systemet og den første vurderingen av miljøstatus. (fulltekst) (prosjekt) 2005.

  • Ørbæk, Jon Børre; Sander, Gunnar. European network for Arctic-Alpine multidisciplinary environmental research: An infrastructure cooperation network under the European commission IHP-program 2000-2003. 2003.

  • Dahle, Salve; Shagarova, Larissa; Larsen, Lars Henrik; Sander, Gunnar. Bilateral Russian-Norwegian co-operation on Environmental Impact Assessment. SPE International Conference on Health, Safety and Environment in Oil and Gas Exploration and Production (fulltekst) 2000-06-26 - 2000-06-28 2000.

  • Sander, Gunnar. Samordna transportplan for Tromsø. Hovedrapport. 1993.

  • Sander, Gunnar. Miljøavgifter på veitrafikk. 1990.

  • Sander, Gunnar; Nielsen, Gustav; Solheim, Trygve; Lerstang, Tor. Samordnet areal- og transportplanlegging. Et forprosjekt om et mulig nasjonalt utviklingsprogram for miljøvennlig transport- og tettstedsutvikling. 1989 ISBN 82-7133-639-8.

  • Sander, Gunnar. Evaluering av prosjektet "Transportplanlegging og miljøhensyn i by". Sluttrapport. 1989.

  • Sander, Gunnar. Veileder i søkekonferanse. (omtale) 1989 ISBN 82-90391-14-5.

  • Sander, Gunnar. Samfunnsøkonomiske nytte-kostnadsanalyser av hovedveiutbyggingen i Oslo-området. 1988 ISBN 82-90391-12-9.

  • Sander, Gunnar; Finess, Ole Petter. Utvikling av oljevirksomheten i Nord-Norge og sysselsettingskonsekvenser for Harstad kommune 1982-91. (STF83 A83001). 1983.

  • Sander, Gunnar; Finess, Ole Petter. Befolkningsutvikling og boligplanlegging i Harstad kommune 1982-1991. (STF83 A83002). 1983.