Recruit: Recruitment as a condition for value creation -impacts of fisheries restructuring and internationalization on fisheries employment networks (Researcher project -HAVKYST)
"Recruit" studies recruitment of fishers to the fishing fleet with a focus on the importance of recruitment for value creation in Norwegian coastal communities. The research project shall study how internationalization of the labor market, competition from other industries, structural policies and the use of foreign labor have affected recruitment to the fishing fleet. Recruitment into the fisheries industry is primarily through social networks, family and local communities. However, fishers are becoming older, and fewer young fishers are recruited into the industry. The project will also study the use and effects of foreign labor in the fishing fleet and in the coastal communities.The project is a continuation a previous (completed) NFR project "Network or markets" and will identify changes that have occurred in employment system in the fishing fleet since 2007. The study will be based on a telephone survey among 1000 to 1500 fishers, both crew and boat owners. In addition, qualitative in-depth interviews with fishers from across the country will also be conducted. Two case-study municipalities will also be selected for a more in-depth study of fleet recruitment. A partnership with the Canadian research program "On the Move Partnership", led by Memorial University of Newfoundland, is established for the exchange of data and experiences. There are also plans to conduct joint data collection on Newfoundland. The project is headed by NFH, University of Tromsø, Norway Arctic University and conducted in collaboration with Norwegian Centre for Rural Research and SINTEF Fisheries and Aquaculture.
Coreplan: see Norwegian page
Climate adaptation in Norwegian Aquaculture
This project aims at exploring how the aquaculture sector relates to, and applies various forms of knowledge in their strategic planning and policy making. Through an inter-disciplinary consortium consisting of anthropologists, biologists, economists and sociologists, as well as representatives from the aquaculture industry, the project will make use of mixed methods to investigate the interrelationship between knowledge generation, innovation and adaptation. Document analyses, literature review, in depth interviews with CEO, business entrepreneurs and authorities at local, regional and national level, will provide valuable qualitative data that are analysed to identify main constraints and opportunities for the industry to adapt and develop innovative efforts in relation to climate change. Output from the project is expected to include typologies for characterizing and identifying adaptation and innovative responses to climate change in the aquaculture sector, as well as guidelines for how scientific and professional knowledge can be applied in these processes. The project draws upon previous and on-going research projects in the field of innovation in the aquaculture industry and adaptation to climate change in coastal communities in the North.
NETWORKS OR MARKETS: THE RECRUITMENT CHALLENGE IN FISHERIES
The radical changes that happen in coastal communities and industries;the processes of structuration, mechanisation, and increased governance, which we call cyborgisation processes, have had consequences for the employment systems in marine communities. The main question in this project is: How and through which processes are fishers and labour recruited today and what is the role of and relation between local networks, market mechanisms, and the communities in the contemporary employment systems in the marine sector? Recruitment and socialisation takes place in long networks, more disembedded from communities, but still not particularly dependent on market mechanisms. Funding: Norwegian Research Council and the Fisheries- and Aquaculture Research Fund. Participants: Phd-student Signe A. Sønvisen, defended and finished 2013.
HOW OBJECTS BECOME MANAGEABLE - THE CYBORG FISH AND THE MANAGEMENT OF COD IN CANADA, NORWAY, AND THE EUROPEAN UNION
Although natural resources have been exploited since the beginning of humanity, modern resource management is a recent phenomenon. The fish as well as the fishers were for all practical purposes unmanageable. From the late 1960s, the process to transform fish, people and technologies so as to make them manageable was intensified. The outcome of this process, is a cybernetic organisation of the fisheries. Funding: Norwegian Research Council. partners: Centre for Rural Research, Norwegian College of Fisheries Science, Norwegian Institute of Fisheries and Aquaculture, Memorial University of Newfoundland. Completed 2009.
IS THE ARCTIC HUMAN ENVIRONMENT MOVING TO A NEW STATE?
International Polar Year project. Funding: National Science Foundation, USA. Completed 2008.
More on the Marema homepage:Marema
Member of Scientific Committee for Centro de Investigación Dinámica de Ecosistemas Marinos de Altas Latitudes (IDEAL), Universidad Austral de Chile, Valdivia/Punta Arenas, Chile
Member of board Centre for Gender Studies, Kvinnforsk, UiT- The Arctic University of Norway
PhD supervision (Main and co-supervisor)
Solstrand, Maria-Victoria (2014) Marine tourism fisheries - Challenges of governance and governability Northern Norway as a case study http://munin.uit.no/handle/10037/7001
Bay-Larsen, Ingrid Agathe (2013) Bureaucrats and Boundaries. The changing intersection between experts, local communities and environmental administration in nature protection
Sønvisen, Signe Annie (2013) Coastal Communities and Employment Systems: Networks and communities in change http://munin.uit.no/handle/10037/5553
Solås, Ann-Magnhild (2014) Regjerlig kyst? Kunnskap og politikk i kystsoneplanlegging
Bjørkan, Maiken (2011) Fishing for Advice : the case of the Norwegian Reference Fleet http://munin.uit.no/handle/10037/3770
Supervison Master thesis
Lund, E-K. (2016) Hvorfor trives kystfiskere så godt når yrket er fysisk krevende og risikoutsatt? En studie av arbeidseksponeringer i kystfiskeflåten og potensielle jobbressurser
Molua, M. E. (2016) Implementation of the Ecosystem Approach to Fisheries; an institutional solution in fisheries management. The case of the ground-fisheries IFMP, Canada
Anker-Henriksen, O. G. (2015) Bidrar Aquaculture Stewardship Council til å fremme økt bærekraftighet hos norsk oppdrett? Casestudie: Grieg Seafood Finnmarks implementeringsprosess av ASC laksestandard
Fosso, Yvonne (2015) Int. Fish. Man. Not Public
Kolflaath, B. S. (2015) The new Common Fisheries Policy and its landing obligation- Implications for governability and legitimacy. A case study of the Scottish mixed roundfish trawl fishery
Voronova, O. (2015) Implementation of the Ecosystem Approach to Fisheries in the North-East Atlantic. A case study of how the Joint Norwegian-Russian Fishery Commission has worked with the EAF
Celius, H. (2014) Forvaltning av marine ressurser i kystsonen i Tvedestrand. En utforskende studie av aktører og berørte parters involvering i prosesser mot et lokalt tilpasset forvaltningsregime
Paudel, N. (2014) Socio-economic impact of fish farming in indigenous communities, Phewa Lake, Pokhara, Nepal
Sobang, N. B. (2014) Access to fishing grounds and adaptive strategies. The case of Chorkor and Nungua Fishing Communities of Greater Accra, Ghana
Otterlei, L. K. (2011) The European Union's fisheries partnership agreements: a governability assessment of the case of the Republic of Mozambique
Nguyen, T. H. H. (2010) Co-management in Trao Reef marine reserve, Vietnam : a transaction costs approach
Høgi, M. (2010) Risky businesses : a perspective on fishers' risk in the oil versus fish dilemma in Lofoten and Vesterålen
Paulus, Sarah C. (2009) Int. Fish. Man. Not Public
Korankye, T. (2008) Dealing with HIV/AIDS and poverty in fishing communities : how risky are artisanal marine fisher-folks at Elmina in Ghana?
Mutatina, A. (2008) Interactive governance approach in mariculture activities in Tanzania : a case study at Mlingotini Village, Bagamoyo
Belandria O. A. (2007) Fisheries governance mode as a result of political ideologies: The case of the sardine fishery in North-East Venezuela
Dyspriani, P. (2007) Governance and the study of shrimp revitalization program in Indonesia
Sønvisen, I. S. (2007) Institusjonsbygging i Vietnam: En bistandssuksess