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Professor

Muhammad Shakeel Virk

Professor
Department of Industrial Engineering

Job description:

Professor Muhammad Virk is working at the Institute of Industrial Technology, where he is leading the Arctic Technology & Icing Research Group. He is also a member of UiT Arctic Center for Sustainable Energy. He holds the Bachelor and Master degress in Aerospace Engineering and PhD in Mechanical Engineering. At UiT, he has estabished the research activities and infrastructure related to Computational Fluid Dynamics (CFD), Wind Energy and Atmospheric Icing on Structures. With his experience of CFD based numerical modeling of complex turbulent flows behavior and heat transfer, he is also having a good understanding of the aircraft design and aspects related to high speed aerodynamics from his aerospace engineering background. Presently, he is leading the Arctic technology and Icing research group at UiT, where his research work is focused on multiphase CFD based numerical analysis, wind energy, aerodynamics, heat transfer issues related to ice accumulation on structures in cold regions. This includes the analytical, experimental & numerical analyses. On European level, he has establised the ‘Nordic Wind Energy Research Center’, in collaboration between Norway, Sweded and Finland. Professor Virk is also engaged in various applied research projects co funded by industry and various national and European funding agencies. During last 08 years, he has successfully managed and participated as principal & co-investigator in 10 different international research projects funded by European Union, Norwegian Research Council and industry. Presently he is the author of 150 scientific publications. He has received numerous scientific prizes  including best paper awards. His most recent in this regard is the winning of EU Arctic Award 2018 from Europen Union, for one of his research project focused on wind energy in cold climate.




Research interests

  • Computational Fluid Dynamics /Multiphase Flows
  • Aerodynamics
  • Heat Transfer
  • Atmospheric icing on structures.
  • Wind energy in cold climate.
  • Cold climate technology.

Teaching

  1.  ITE 1814: Energy Technology/Thermodynamics
  2.  STE 6209: CAD / CAM
  3.  ITE-1867 :  Thermo and fluid dynamics
  4.  SMN-6194 : Heat Transfer

Publications in CRIStin


  • Sokolov, Pavlo; Virk, Muhammad. Droplet distribution spectrum effects on dry ice growth on cylinders. Cold Regions Science and Technology 2019; Volum 160. ISSN 0165-232X.s 80 - 88.s doi: 10.1016/j.coldregions.2019.01.002.

  • Jin, Jia Yi; Blæsterdalen, Torgeir; Virk, Muhammad Shakeel. Icing events assessment of a wind park in high wind speed. International Journal of Smart Grid and Clean Energy 2019; Volum 8 (3). ISSN 2315-4462.s 276 - 281.s doi: 10.12720/sgce.8.3.276-281.

  • Jin, Jia Yi; Virk, Muhammad. Study of ice accretion and icing effects on aerodynamic characteristics of DU96 wind turbine blade profile. Cold Regions Science and Technology 2019; Volum 160. ISSN 0165-232X.s 119 - 127.s doi: 10.1016/j.coldregions.2019.01.011.

  • Caicedo Espinoza, Edison Hover; Virk, Muhammad Shakeel. Numerical Study of NACA 0012 Aeroacoustics Response for Normal and Icing Conditions. (omtale) Applied Mechanics and Materials 2018. ISSN 1660-9336.s doi: 10.4028/www.scientific.net/AMM.875.89.

  • Jin, Jia Yi; Virk, Muhammad. Seasonal weather effects on wind power production in cold regions- a case study. (fulltekst) International Journal of Smart Grid and Clean Energy 2018; Volum 8 (1). ISSN 2315-4462.s 31 - 37.s doi: 10.12720/sgce.8.1.31-37.

  • Sokolov, Pavlo; Jin, Jia Yi; Virk, Muhammad. Accreted ice mass ratio (k‐factor) for rotating wind turbine blade profile and circular cylinder. Wind Energy 2018. ISSN 1095-4244.s doi: 10.1002/we.2298.

  • Virk, Muhammad; Afzal, Faizan. Review of Icing Effects on Wind Turbine in Cold Regions. (fulltekst) E3S Web of Conferences 2018; Volum 72. ISSN 2267-1242.s doi: 10.1051/e3sconf/20187201007.

  • Sokolov, Pavlo; Jin, Jia Yi; Virk, Muhammad Shakeel. On the empirical k-factor in ice accretion on wind turbines: A numerical study. IEEE conference proceedings 2018 ISBN 978-1-5386-2156-1.s 417 - 421.s doi: 10.1109/ICPRE.2017.8390570.

  • Virk, Muhammad Shakeel; Sokolov, Pavlo. Analytical parametrization of droplet collision efficiency on cylinders – a review study. Cold Regions Science and Technology 2018; Volum 155. ISSN 0165-232X.s 314 - 326.s doi: 10.1016/j.coldregions.2018.08.015.

  • Jin, Jia Yi; Virk, Muhammad Shakeel. Study of ice accretion along symmetric and asymmetric airfoils. Journal of Wind Engineering and Industrial Aerodynamics 2018; Volum 179. ISSN 0167-6105.s 240 - 249.s doi: 10.1016/j.jweia.2018.06.004.

  • Virk, Muhammad Shakeel; Caicedo Espinoza, Edison Hover. Aeroacoustics response of wind turbine blade profiles in normal and icing conditions. Wind Engineering : The International Journal of Wind Power 2018. ISSN 0309-524X.s doi: 10.1177/0309524X17751260.

  • Jin, Jia Yi; Sokolov, Pavlo; Virk, Muhammad Shakeel. Wind Resource Assessment in Cold Regions - A Numerical Case Study. (omtale) Applied Mechanics and Materials 2018. ISSN 1660-9336.s doi: 10.4028/www.scientific.net/AMM.875.94.

  • Virk, Muhammad Shakeel. Ice accretion on circular cylinder in relation to its diameter. Wind Engineering : The International Journal of Wind Power 2017; Volum 41 (1). ISSN 0309-524X.s 55 - 61.s doi: 10.1177/0309524X16675247.

  • Virk, Muhammad Shakeel. Wind Turbine Blade Profile Thickness Effects on Atmospheric Ice Accretion. IEEE conference proceedings 2017 ISBN 978-1-5090-3068-2.s 96 - 99.s doi: 10.1109/ICPRE.2016.7871180.

  • Virk, Muhammad Shakeel. Atmospheric Icing of Transmission Line Circular Conductor Bundles in Triplex Configuration. IEEE conference proceedings 2017 ISBN 978-1-5090-3068-2.s 24 - 28.s doi: 10.1109/ICPRE.2016.7871122.

  • Mughal, Umair Najeeb; Virk, Muhammad Shakeel. Atmospheric icing intensity on slowly rotating hexagonal prism and cylinder with fins. AIP Conference Proceedings 2017; Volum 1798. ISSN 0094-243X.s doi: 10.1063/1.4972694.

  • Mughal, Umair Najeeb; Virk, Muhammad Shakeel; Mustafa, Mohamad. State of the Art Review of Atmospheric Icing Sensors. Sensors & Transducers Journal 2016; Volum 198 (3). ISSN 2306-8515.

  • Virk, Muhammad Shakeel. Effect of Wind Turbine Blade Profile Symmetry on Ice Accretion. Applied Mechanics and Materials 2016; Volum 863. ISSN 1660-9336.s 229 - 234.s doi: 10.4028/www.scientific.net/AMM.863.229.

  • Mughal, Umair Najeeb; Virk, Muhammad Shakeel; Mustafa, Mohamad. Multiphysics based design study of an atmospheric icing sensor. The International Journal of Multiphysics 2016; Volum 10 (3). ISSN 1750-9548.s 303 - 324.s doi: 10.21152/1750-9548.10.3.303.

  • Virk, Muhammad Shakeel; Mughal, Umair Najeeb; Hu, Q; Jiang, X. Multiphysics based numerical study of atmospheric ice accretion on a full scale horizontal axis wind turbine blade. The International Journal of Multiphysics 2016; Volum 10 (3). ISSN 1750-9548.s 237 - 246.s doi: 10.21152/1750-9548.10.3.237.

  • Bilal, Muhammad; Birkelund, Yngve; Homola, Matthew Carl; Virk, Muhammad Shakeel. Wind over complex terrain e Microscale modelling with two types of mesoscale winds at Nygårdsfjell. Renewable Energy 2016; Volum 99. ISSN 0960-1481.s 647 - 653.s doi: 10.1016/j.renene.2016.07.042.

  • Virk, Muhammad Shakeel. Multiphase Numerical Study of Ice Accretion on Circular Cylinders in Duplex Configuration. Applied Mechanics and Materials 2016; Volum 851. ISSN 1660-9336.s 249 - 254.s doi: 10.4028/www.scientific.net/AMM.851.249.

  • Mughal, Umair Najeeb; Virk, Muhammad Shakeel. Numerical study of atmospheric ice accretion on rotating geometric cross sections with fins. Journal of Computational Multiphase Flows 2016; Volum 8 (1). ISSN 1757-482X.s 3 - 14.s doi: 10.1177/1757482X16634183.

  • Mughal, Umair Najeeb; Virk, Muhammad Shakeel; Kosugi, Kenji; Mochizuki, Shigeto. Experimental validation of icing rate using rotational load. Cold Regions Science and Technology 2016; Volum 127. ISSN 0165-232X.s 18 - 24.s doi: 10.1016/j.coldregions.2016.03.012.

  • Alsabagh, Abdel S.Y.; Xu, Yigeng; Virk, Muhammad Shakeel; Badran, Omar. Atmospheric ice loading and its impact on natural frequencies of wind turbines. Wind Engineering : The International Journal of Wind Power 2015; Volum 39 (1). ISSN 0309-524X.s 83 - 96.s doi: 10.1260/0309-524X.39.1.83.

  • Polanco Pinerez, Geanette; Virk, Muhammad Shakeel; mughal, umair. Encapsulated Water Hammer: Theoretical/Experimental Study. International Journal of Engineering and Technology 2015. ISSN 0975-4024.

  • Mughal, Umair Najeeb; Virk, Muhammad Shakeel. Using Multiphysics for Detecting Atmospheric Ice Through MuVi Graphene – Atmospheric Icing Sensor. Proceedings of the 2015 Comsol Conference, 2015 2015. ISSN 2372-2215.

  • Mughal, Umair Najeeb; Virk, Muhammad Shakeel; Polanco Pinerez, Geanette. Atmospheric ice accretion on non rotating vertical circular cylinder. International Journal of Engineering and Technology (Chennai) 2015. ISSN 0975-4024.s doi: 10.4236/wjet.2015.33C042.

  • Mughal, Umair Najeeb; Virk, Muhammad Shakeel; Polanco Pinerez, Geanette; Victor, Sojo; Jose, Da Paixao; Antonio, Vidal; Orlando, Aguillon. Encapsulated Water Hammer: Theoretical/Experimental Study. International Journal of Engineering and Technology (Chennai) 2015. ISSN 0975-4024.s doi: 10.4236/wjet.2015.33C043.

  • Mughal, Umair Najeeb; Makarova, Marina; Virk, Muhammad Shakeel; Polanco Pinerez, Geanette. A case study to estimate thermal conductivity of ABS in Cold Climate Chamber. International Journal of Engineering and Technology (Chennai) 2015. ISSN 0975-4024.s doi: 10.4236/wjet.2015.33C046.

  • Mughal, Umair Najeeb; Virk, Muhammad Shakeel; Rashid, Taimur. Charge Transfer Scheme for Atmospheric Ice Sensing. Sensors & Transducers Journal 2015; Volum 184 (1). ISSN 2306-8515.s 146 - 152.

  • Mughal, Umair Najeeb; Virk, Muhammad Shakeel. Torque and Axial Loading Physics for Measuring Atmospheric Icing Load and Icing Rate. Sensors & Transducers Journal 2015 (1). ISSN 2306-8515.s 136 - 145.

  • Zaman, Kamran; Mustafa, Mohamad; Mughal, Umair Najeeb; Virk, Muhammad Shakeel. Intelligent Anti/Deicing System for Structures in Cold Regions [abstract]. 2014 ISBN 978-82-999624-0-7.s 54 - 54.

  • Mughal, Uzair; Mughal, Umair Najeeb; Virk, Muhammad Shakeel. Design and Manufacturing of Atmospheric Icing Sensor Using a Computer Aided Manufacturing Facility [abstract]. 2014 ISBN 978-82-999624-0-7.s 53 - 53.

  • Rashid, Taimur; Mughal, Umair Najeeb; Virk, Muhammad Shakeel. Application of Self and Mutual Capacitance Techniques for Atmospheric Ice Detection and Measurements [abstract]. 2014 ISBN 978-82-999624-0-7.s 52 - 52.

  • Xu, Yizhong; Mustafa, Mohamad; Virk, Muhammad Shakeel; Polanco, Geanette. Numerical Modeling of Snowdrift Development Around a Porous Fence. 2014 ISBN 978-82-999624-0-7.s 18 - 18.

  • Polanco, Geanette; Virk, Muhammad Shakeel; Homola, Matthew C. Wind Turbine's Operation in High North [abstract]. 2014 ISBN 978-82-999624-0-7.s 16 - 16.

  • Mughal, Umair Najeeb; Virk, Muhammad Shakeel. Physical Techniques for Robust Measurement of Icing Parameters [abstract]. 2014 ISBN 978-82-999624-0-7.s 49 - 49.

  • Virk, Muhammad Shakeel; Mughal, Umair Najeeb; Mustafa, Mohamad. Study of Atmospheric Ice Accretion on Structures Using CFD Based Multiphase Numerical Approach [abstact]. 2014 ISBN 978-82-999624-0-7.s 47 - 47.

  • Rashid, Taimur; Mughal, Umair Najeeb; Virk, Muhammad Shakeel. Feasibility of Charge Transfer Based Atmospheric Ice Sensing. International Academy, Research and Industry Association (IARIA) 2014 ISBN 9781634396141.s 27 - 31.

  • Mughal, Umair Najeeb; Virk, Muhammad Shakeel. Evaluation of Torque and Axial Loading Physics for Atmospheric Icing Sensors. International Academy, Research and Industry Association (IARIA) 2014 ISBN 9781634396141.s 32 - 38.

  • Mughal, Umair Najeeb; Virk, Muhammad Shakeel. Analytical Modeling of Conductivity of Atmospheric Ice - Part I. American Institute of Physics (AIP) 2014; Volum 1637 (.) ISBN 978-0-7354-1276-7. ISSN 0094-243X.s doi: 10.1063/1.4907292.

  • Mughal, Umair Najeeb; Mughal, Uzair; Virk, Muhammad Shakeel. Cognitive Decision Making for Measuring Icing Load for Cold Regions. IEEE conference proceedings 2014 ISBN 978-1-4799-7280-7.s 283 - 288.s doi: 10.1109/CogInfoCom.2014.7020462.

  • Mughal, Umair Najeeb; Virk, Muhammad Shakeel. Shape Optimization of Atmospheric Icing Sensor Using Cognitive Computer Aided Approach. IEEE conference proceedings 2014 ISBN 978-1-4799-7280-7.s 279 - 282.s doi: 10.1109/CogInfoCom.2014.7020461.

  • Rashid, Taimur; Mughal, Umair Najeeb; Virk, Muhammad Shakeel. Cognitive Adaptability of Capacitive Sensors for Cold Regions. IEEE conference proceedings 2014 ISBN 978-1-4799-7280-7.s 289 - 294.s doi: 10.1109/CogInfoCom.2014.7020464.

  • Rashid, Taimur; Mughal, Umair Najeeb; Mustafa, Mohamad; Virk, Muhammad Shakeel. A field study of atmospheric icing analysis in a complex terrain of the high north. International Journal of Ocean and Climate Systems 2014; Volum 5 (4). ISSN 1759-3131.s 189 - 197.s doi: 10.1260/1759-3131.5.4.189.

  • Polanco, Geanette; Virk, Muhammad Shakeel. Numerical study of wind resource assessment of a complex terrain. Wind Engineering : The International Journal of Wind Power 2014; Volum 38 (2). ISSN 0309-524X.s 139 - 146.s doi: 10.1260/0309-524X.38.2.139.

  • Alsabagh, Abdel S.Y.; Tiu, William; Xu, Yigeng; Virk, Muhammad Shakeel. A Review of the Effects of Ice Accretion on the Structural Behavior of Wind Turbines. Wind Engineering : The International Journal of Wind Power 2013; Volum 37 (1). ISSN 0309-524X.s 59 - 70.s doi: 10.1260/0309-524X.37.1.59.

  • Mughal, Umair Najeeb; Virk, Muhammad Shakeel. Universal Dielectric Response of Atmospheric Ice Using COMSOL Multiphysics. COMSOL 2013 ISBN 978-0-9910001-5-9.

  • Mughal, Umair Najeeb; Virk, Muhammad Shakeel; Mustafa, Mohamad. Dielectric Based Sensing of Atmospheric Ice. American Institute of Physics (AIP) 2013 (1570) ISBN 978-07354-1198-2. ISSN 0094-243X.s 212 - 220.s doi: 10.1063/1.4854758.

  • Virk, Muhammad Shakeel. Numerical Study of Super Cooled Water Droplet Splashing and Distribution Spectrum on Atmospheric Ice Accretion of Wind Turbine Blade. American Institute of Physics (AIP) 2013 (1570) ISBN 978-07354-1198-2. ISSN 0094-243X.s 163 - 171.s doi: 10.1063/1.4854753.

  • Xu, Yizhong; Mustafa, Mohamad; Knight, Jason; Virk, Muhammad Shakeel; Haritos, George. 3D CDF Modeling of Air Flow Through a Porous Fence. IEEE conference proceedings 2013 ISBN 978-1-4799-1544-6.s 179 - 182.

  • Virk, Muhammad Shakeel; Mughal, Umair Najeeb; Mustafa, Mohamad. Intelligent Ice Protection System for Offshore Structures in High North. IEEE conference proceedings 2013 ISBN 978-1-4799-1544-6.s 665 - 669.

  • Mughal, Umair Najeeb; Rashid, Taimur; Nyman, Per-Ole; Virk, Muhammad Shakeel. E-driven Technology for Cold regions. IEEE conference proceedings 2013 ISBN 978-1-4799-1544-6.s 683 - 686.

  • Polanco, Geanette; Virk, Muhammad Shakeel. Role of Advanced CAE Tools in the Optimization of Wind Resource Assessment of Complex Terrains. IEEE conference proceedings 2013 ISBN 978-1-4799-1544-6.s 687 - 691.

  • Rashid, Taimur; Mughal, Umair Najeeb; Virk, Muhammad Shakeel. Atmospheric Icing Sensors for UAV's. IEEE conference proceedings 2013 ISBN 978-1-4799-1544-6.s 725 - 728.

  • Mughal, Umair Najeeb; Virk, Muhammad Shakeel. Atmospheric Icing Sensors - An Insight. International Academy, Research and Industry Association (IARIA) 2013 ISBN 978-1-61208-296-7.s 191 - 199.

  • Virk, Muhammad Shakeel; Rashid, Taimur; Mughal, Umair Najeeb; Zaman, Kamran; Mustafa, Mohamad. Multi Sensor Atmospheric Icing Station Performance in Cold Climate - A Case Study. International Academy, Research and Industry Association (IARIA) 2013 ISBN 978-1-61208-296-7.s 220 - 224.

  • Virk, Muhammad Shakeel; Rashid, Taimur; Mughal, Umair Najeeb; Mustafa, Mohamad Y. Ice Detection on Road Surface Using Passive Thermal Infrared Technique. COMADEM International 2013 ISBN 978-952-67981-0-3.s 471 - 475.

  • Virk, Muhammad Shakeel; Mustafa, Mohamad Y; Mughal, Umair Najeeb; Al-Hamdan, Qusai. Field Measurements of Atmospheric Icing from an Ice Monitoring Station Installed at fagernesfjellet in Northern Norway. COMADEM International 2013 ISBN 978-952-67981-0-3.s 605 - 609.

  • Virk, Muhammad Shakeel; Rashid, Taimur; Mustafa, Mohamad Y. Atmospheric ice monitoring system operation at Remote locations in cold region. The International Journal of Energy and Environment 2013; Volum 4 (5). ISSN 2076-2895.s 895 - 902.

  • Xu, Yizhong; Virk, Muhammad Shakeel; Knight, Jason; Mustafa, Mohamad Y; Haritos, George. Factors Influencing the Performance of Porous Wind Shields. Applied Mechanics and Materials 2013; Volum 321-324. ISSN 1660-9336.s 799 - 803.s doi: 10.4028/www.scientific.net/AMM.321-324.799.

  • Bhattu, Shravan K; Mughal, Umair Najeeb; Virk, Muhammad Shakeel. Experimental study of relative permittivity of atmospheric ice. The International Journal of Energy and Environment 2013; Volum 4 (3). ISSN 2076-2895.s 369 - 376.

  • Ghani, Rizvan; Virk, Muhammad Shakeel. Experimental Study of Atmospheric Ice Detection on Wind Turbine Blade Using Thermal Infrared Technique. Wind Engineering : The International Journal of Wind Power 2013; Volum 37 (1). ISSN 0309-524X.s 71 - 78.s doi: 10.1260/0309-524X.37.1.71.

  • Zaman, Kamran; Mughal, Umair Najeeb; Virk, Muhammad Shakeel. Design of an Intelligent De-Icing System for Offshore Structures. Applied Mechanics and Materials 2013; Volum 321-324. ISSN 1660-9336.s 1602 - 1608.s doi: 10.4028/www.scientific.net/AMM.321-324.1602.

  • Mughal, Umair Najeeb; Virk, Muhammad Shakeel. Atmospheric Icing Sensors - Capacitive Techniques. Sensors & Transducers Journal 2013; Volum 18. ISSN 2306-8515.s 24 - 32.

  • Virk, Muhammad Shakeel. Application of Passive Thermal Infrared Imaging to Study Ice and Snow Accretion on Automobiles in Cold Regions. Advanced Materials Research 2013; Volum 739. ISSN 1022-6680.s 481 - 485.s doi: 10.4028/www.scientific.net/AMR.739.481.

  • Virk, Muhammad Shakeel. Numerical Study of Atmospheric Icing on Non Rotating Circular Cylinders in Tandem Arrangement. Journal of Computational Multiphase Flows 2013; Volum 5 (1). ISSN 1757-482X.s 73 - 81.s doi: 10.1260/1757-482X.5.1.73.

  • Homola, Matthew Carl; Virk, Muhammad Shakeel; Nicklasson, Per Johan; Sundsbø, Per-Arne. Performance losses due to ice accretion for a 5 MW wind turbine. Wind Energy 2012; Volum 15 (3). ISSN 1095-4244.s 379 - 389.s doi: 10.1002/we.477.

  • Mughal, Umair Najeeb; Virk, Muhammad Shakeel; Mustafa, Mohamad Y. Review of Capacitive Atmospheric Icing Sensors. International Academy, Research and Industry Association (IARIA) 2012 ISBN 978-1-61208-207-3.s 42 - 47.

  • Mughal, Umair Najeeb; Virk, Muhammad Shakeel; Mustafa, Mohamad Y. Electromagnetism based Atmospheric Ice Sensing Technique - A Conceptual Review [using Matter and Icing Electromagnetism]. The International Journal of Multiphysics 2012; Volum 6 (4). ISSN 1750-9548.s 341 - 353.

  • Virk, Muhammad Shakeel. Atmospheric Ice Accretion on Air Intake Louvers of Buildings in Cold Regions. The International Journal of Multiphysics 2012; Volum 6 (4). ISSN 1750-9548.s 379 - 390.

  • Calay, Rajnish Kaur; Mustafa, Mohamad Y; Virk, Muhammad Shakeel; Mustafa, Mahmoud F.. Analysis of a Model of Fuel Cell - Gas Turbine Hybrid Power System for Enhanced Energy Efficiency. AIP Conference Proceedings 2012; Volum 1497. ISSN 0094-243X.s 84 - 91.s doi: 10.1063/1.4766770.

  • Virk, Muhammad Shakeel; Homola, Matthew C; Nicklasson, Per Johan. Atmospheric Icing on Large Wind Turbine Blades. (fulltekst) The International Journal of Energy and Environment 2012; Volum 3 (1). ISSN 2076-2895.s 1 - 8.

  • Khawaja, Hassan Abbas; Scott, Stuart A.; Virk, Muhammad Shakeel; Moatamedi, Mojtaba. Quantitative Analysis of Accuracy of Voidage Computations in CFD-DEM Simulations. Journal of Computational Multiphase Flows 2012; Volum 4 (2). ISSN 1757-482X.s 183 - 192.s doi: 10.1260/1757-482X.4.2.183.

  • Virk, Muhammad Shakeel. Numerical Study of Atmospheric Ice Accretion on Various Geometric Cross-sections. Wind Engineering : The International Journal of Wind Power 2011; Volum 35 (5). ISSN 0309-524X.s 607 - 614.s doi: 10.1260/0309-524X.35.5.607.

  • Virk, Muhammad Shakeel; Mustafa, Mohamad Y; Al-Hamdan, Qusai. Atmospheric Ice Detection and Measurement Using Image Processing Based Techniques in the Visible and Infrared Spectrums [abstract]. 2011.s 31 - 31.

  • Mughal, Umair Najeeb; Virk, Muhammad Shakeel. Atmospheric Icing Sensors - A Step into Icing Electromagnetism [abstract}. 2011.s 44 - 44.

  • Alsabagh, Abdel S.Y.; Virk, Muhammad Shakeel; Tiu, William. Effect of Atmospheric Ice Accretion on the Dynamic Behaviour of Wind Turbine [abstract]. 2011.s 30 - 30.

  • Mustafa, Mohamad Y; Virk, Muhammad Shakeel; Al-Hamdan, Qusai. Experimental Field Measurements of Atmospheric Ice Accretion on Structures [abstract]. 2011.s 28 - 28.

  • Virk, Muhammad Shakeel. Multiphysics Modeling of Atmospheric Ice Accretion on Circular Overhead Power Line Conductors in Tandem Arrangement [abstract]. 2011.s 29 - 29.

  • Virk, Muhammad Shakeel; Mustafa, Mohamad Y; Hamdan, Qusai-Al. Atmospheric Ice Accretion Measurement Techniques. (sammendrag) The International Journal of Multiphysics 2011; Volum 5 (3). ISSN 1750-9548.s 229 - 241.s doi: 10.1260/1750-9548.5.3.229.

  • Virk, Muhammad Shakeel. Atmospheric Ice Accretion on Non-Rotating Circular Cylinder. Journal of Computational Multiphase Flows 2011; Volum 3 (4). ISSN 1757-482X.s 197 - 205.s doi: 10.1260/1757-482X.3.4.197.

  • Homola, Matthew Carl; Virk, Muhammad Shakeel; Wallenius, Tomas; Nicklasson, Per Johan; Sundsbø, Per Arne. Effect of atmospheric temperature and droplet size variation on ice accretion of wind turbine blades. Journal of Wind Engineering and Industrial Aerodynamics 2010; Volum 98 (12). ISSN 0167-6105.s 724 - 729.s doi: 10.1016/j.jweia.2010.06.007.

  • Virk, Muhammad Shakeel; Homola, Matthew Carl; Nicklasson, Per Johan. Relation between angle of attack and atmospheric ice accretion on large wind turbine's blade. Wind Engineering : The International Journal of Wind Power 2010; Volum 34 (6). ISSN 0309-524X.s 607 - 614.

  • Virk, Muhammad Shakeel; Homola, Matthew Carl; Nicklasson, Per Johan. Effect of rime ice accretion on aerodynamic characteristics of wind turbine blade profiles. Wind Engineering : The International Journal of Wind Power 2010; Volum 34 (2). ISSN 0309-524X.s 207 - 218.

  • Virk, Muhammad Shakeel; Mustafa, Mohamad Y.; Holdø, Arne Erik. Numerical analyses of a PEM fuel cell's performance having a perforated type gas flow distributor. The International Journal of Multiphysics 2009; Volum 3 (4). ISSN 1750-9548.s 347 - 360.

  • Virk, Muhammad Shakeel; Holdø, Arne Erik. Numerical Analysis of Fluid Mixing in T-type Micro Mixer. The International Journal of Multiphysics 2008; Volum 2 (1). ISSN 1750-9548.s 107 - 127.

  • Ghani, Rizwan; Virk, Muhammad Shakeel; Mustafa, Mohamad; Kangash, Aleksei; Maryandshev, Pavel. Wind energy at remote islands in arctic region—A case study of Solovetsky islands. Journal of Renewable and Sustainable Energy 2019. ISSN 1941-7012.s doi: https://doi.org/10.1063/1.5110756.

  • Virk, Muhammad Shakeel. Atmospheric Icing on structures. Chongqing University 2019-04-17 - 2019-04-17 2019.

  • Kong, Chynyu; Virk, Muhammad Shakeel. Atmospheric Ice Accretion on Bundle Conductors for Power Transmission Lines. 2019.

  • Ghani, Rizwan; Virk, Muhammad Shakeel; Kangash, Aleksei; Maryandshev, Pavel; lubov, viktar; Mustafa, Mohamad. Review of energy demands and wind resource assessment of the Solovetsky Archipelago. International Journal of Smart Grid and Clean Energy 2019; Volum 8 (4). ISSN 2315-4462.s 430 - 435.s doi: 10.12720/sgce.8.4.430-435.

  • Jin, Jia Yi; Virk, Muhammad Shakeel. Ice accretion on wind turbine blade- an experimental study of S819 airfoil. International Workshop of Atmospheric Ice Accretion on Structures (IWAIS) 2019-06-23 - 2019-06-26 2019.

  • Sokolov, Pavlo; Virk, Muhammad Shakeel. Modelling of dry ice accretion on cylinders- a case study of present analytical state. International Workshop of Atmospheric Ice Accretion on Structures (IWAIS) 2019-06-23 - 2019-06-26 2019.

  • Alsabagh, Abdel S.Y.; Virk, Muhammad Shakeel; Xu, Yigeng; Badran, Omar. Computational Fluid Dynamics Analysis of The Effect of Atmospheric Icing on the generated power of wind turbines. International Conference on Mechanical and Aerospace Engineering 2019-04-18 - 2019-04-19 2019.

  • Jin, Jia Yi; Blæsterdalen, Torgeir; Virk, Muhammad. Icing Events Assessment of a Wind Park in High Wind Speed. 2nd International Conference on Renewable Energy and Environment (ICREE 2018) 2018-11-19 - 2018-11-21 2018.

  • Ghani, Rizwan; Jin, Jia Yi; Virk, Muhammad. Wind Turbine Wake Effects on Wind Resource Assessments - a Case Study. 2nd International Conference on Renewable Energy and Environment (ICREE 2018) 2018-11-19 - 2018-11-21 2018.

  • Ghani, Rizwan; Mustafa, Mohamad; Virk, Muhammad; Kangash, Aleksei; Maryandyshev, Pavel; Lubov, Viktor. Review of energy demands and wind resource assessment of the Solovetsky Archipelago. 2nd International Conference on Renewable Energy and Environment (ICREE 2018) 2018-11-19 - 2018-11-21 2018.

  • Byrkjedal, Øyvind; Iversen, Emilie C.; Nygaard, Bjørn Egil Kringlebotn; Gutman, Igor; Mc Innes, Harold; Karlsson, Timo; Virk, Muhammad; Welgaard, Øyvind. Development of a reliable modeling system for the calculation of rime ice loads on overhead transmission lines. Winterwind 2018 2018-02-06 - 2018-02-08 2018.

  • Afzal, Faizan; Virk, Muhammad Shakeel. Review of icing effects on wind turbine in cold regions. 2nd IEEE International Conference on Power and Renewable Energy 2017-09-20 - 2017-09-23 2017.

  • Jin, Jia Yi; Virk, Muhammad Shakeel. Seasonal weather effects on wind power production in ice prone regions - a case study. 2nd IEEE International Conference on Power and Renewable Energy 2017-09-20 - 2017-09-23 2017.

  • Sokolov, Pavlo; Virk, Muhammad Shakeel; Jin, Jia Yi. On the Empirical k--factor in Ice Accretion on Wind Turbines: A Numerical Study. 2nd IEEE International Conference on Power and Renewable Energy 2017-09-20 - 2017-09-23 2017.

  • Jiayi, Jin; Virk, Muhammad Shakeel. SCADA Data Ananlysis of Wind Farm in Cold Climate Regions. The 17th International Workshop on Atmospheric Icing of Structures (IWAIS 2017) 2017-09-24 - 2017-09-29 2017.

  • Solokov, Pavlo; Virk, Muhammad Shakeel; Karlsson, Timo; Tiihonen, Mikko. Ice Accretion on Cylinders for Different Droplet Distribution Spectrums. The 17th International Workshop on Atmospheric Icing of Structures (IWAIS 2017) 2017-09-24 - 2017-09-29 2017.

  • Nygaard, Bjørn Egil Kringlebotn; Byrkjedal, Øyvind; Welgaard, Øyvind; Gutman, Igor; Karlsson, Timo; Virk, Muhammad Shakeel; Mc Innes, Harold; Iversen, Emilie C.; Fredbo, Maren; Ágústsson, Hálfdán. Development of a reliable modeling system for the calculation of rime ice loads on overhead transmission lines. IWAIS2017 2017-09-24 - 2017-09-29 2017.

  • Byrkjedal, Øyvind; Nygaard, Bjørn Egil Kringlebotn; Welgaard, Øyvind; Gutman, Igor; Karlsson, Timo; Virk, Muhammad Shakeel; Mc Innes, Harold; Iversen, Emilie C.; Fredbo, Maren; Ágústsson, Hálfdán. Development of a reliable modeling system for the calculation of rime ice loads on overhead transmission lines. European Meteorological Society Annual Meeting 2017-08-04 - 2017-08-08 2017.

  • Mustafa, Mohamad; Xu, Yizhong; Virk, Muhammad Shakeel; Haritos, George; Knight, Jason. 3D Numerical Study on the Optimum Porosity Distributions of Porous Fences. Arctic Frontiers 2016 (data) 2016-01-24 - 2016-01-29 2016.

  • Virk, Muhammad Shakeel; Xu, Yizhong; Mustafa, Mohamad; Calay, Rajnish K. Application of numerical analysis in the design and small scale intelligent manufacturing process of porous fences. IEEE- International Symposium on Small-scale Intelligent Manufacturing Systems (SIMS), 2016-06-21 - 2016-06-24 2016.

  • Virk, Muhammad Shakeel. Wind Turbine Blade Profile Thickness Effects on Atmospheric Ice Accretion. IEEE International Conference on Power and Renewable Energy- ICPRE 2016 2016-10-21 - 2016-10-23 2016.

  • Virk, Muhammad Shakeel. Atmospheric Icing of Transmission Line Circular Conductor Bundles in Triplex Configuration. IEEE International Conference on Power and Renewable Energy- ICPRE 2016 2016-10-21 - 2016-10-23 2016.

  • Virk, Muhammad Shakeel. Field Study of Ice Detection on Structures Using Passive Thermal Infrared Imaging. International Conference on Sensor Technologies and Applications 2016. ISSN 2308-4405.s 25 - 29.s doi: file:///C:/Users/mvi030/Downloads/sensorcomm_2016_full.pdf.

  • Mughal, Umair Najeeb; Virk, Muhammad Shakeel. Atmospheric Icing Intensity on Slowly Rotating Hexagonal Prism and Cylinder with Fins. ICNPAA Congress 2016 2016-07-05 - 2016-07-08 2016.

  • Virk, Muhammad Shakeel. SIU High North Project & overview of atmospheric related research activities at HiN (research seminar). Atmospheric Icing on Structures 2015-08-07 - 2015-08-07 2015.

  • Virk, Muhammad Shakeel. Atmospheric Icing on Wind Turbines. Atmospheric Icing on Structures (research seminar) 2015-10-26 - 2015-10-26 2015.

  • Mughal, Umair Najeeb; Virk, Muhammad Shakeel. Using Multiphysics for Detecting Atmospheric Ice Through MuVi Graphene – Atmospheric Icing Sensor. Comsol Multiphysics Conference, 2015 2015-10-14 - 2015-10-16 2015.

  • Mughal, Umair Najeeb; Virk, Muhammad Shakeel. ColdTech RT3. Atmospheric Ice Accretion on Structures in High North 2015-10-26 - 2015-10-28 2015.

  • Mughal, Umair Najeeb; Virk, Muhammad Shakeel. ColdTech RT3. Atmospheric Ice Accretion on Structures in High North. 2015-08-07 - 2015-08-07 2015.

  • Mughal, Umair Najeeb; Virk, Muhammad Shakeel. MULTIPHYSICS BASED DESIGN STUDY OF AN ATMOSPHERIC ICING SENSOR. Multiphysics ... 2015. ISSN 2409-7527.

  • Mughal, Umair Najeeb; Virk, Muhammad Shakeel. MULTIPHYSICS BASED NUMERICAL STUDY OF ATMOSPHERIC ICE ACCRETION ON A FULL SCALE HORIZONTAL AXIS WIND TURBINE BLADE. Multiphysics ... 2015. ISSN 2409-7527.

  • Mughal, Umair Najeeb; Virk, Muhammad Shakeel. Numerical Study of Atmospheric Ice Accretion on Wind Turbines. International Workshop on Atmospheric Icing of Structures 2015. ISSN 2413-4597.

  • Mughal, Umair Najeeb; Virk, Muhammad Shakeel. MuVi – Hybrid Atmospheric Icing Sensor. International Workshop on Atmospheric Icing of Structures 2015. ISSN 2413-4597.

  • Xu, Yizhong; Mustafa, Mohamad; Virk, Muhammad Shakeel; Polanco, Geanette. Numerical Modeling of Snowdrift Development Around a Porous Fence. International Conference on Cold Climate Technology 2014, ICCCT 2014 2014-05-26 - 2014-05-28 2014.

  • Virk, Muhammad; Janajrah, Mamoun. CFD Based Numerical Study of Pilgrim’s Movement around Kaab’a. International Journal of Sciences: Basic and Applied Research 2014; Volum 13 (1). ISSN 2307-4531.s 232 - 243.

  • Alsabagh, Abdel S.Y.; Xu, Yigeng; Virk, Muhammad Shakeel; Badran, Omar. Serious Consequences due to Excessive Ice Accumulation on a Typical Wind Turbine [powerpoint]. Winterwind International Wind Energy Conference 2014 2014-02-11 - 2014-02-12 2014.

  • Mughal, Umair Najeeb; Virk, Muhammad Shakeel. Efficacy of Electric Motors in Cold regions [oral poster]. International Wind Energy Conference (data) 2014-02-11 - 2014-02-12 2014.

  • Petrich, Christian; Mustafa, Mohamad; Sand, Bjørnar; Virk, Muhammad Shakeel; Bård, Arntsen; Nilsen, Trond. ColdTech - Sustainable Cold Climate Technology. International Conference on Cold Climate Technology 2014, ICCCT 2014 2014-05-26 - 2014-05-28 2014.

  • Zaman, Kamran; Mustafa, Mohamad; Mughal, Umair Najeeb; Virk, Muhammad Shakeel. Intelligent Anti/Deicing System for Structures in Cold Regions. International Conference on Cold Climate Technology 2014, ICCCT 2014 2014-05-26 - 2014-05-28 2014.

  • Virk, Muhammad Shakeel; Mughal, Umair Najeeb; Mustafa, Mohamad. Study of Atmospheric Ice Accretion on Structures Using CFD Based Multiphase Numerical Approach. International Conference on Cold Climate Technology 2014, ICCCT 2014 2014-05-26 - 2014-05-28 2014.

  • Virk, Muhammad Shakeel. Atmospheric Icing on Structures: COLDTECH-RT3 Perspective [abstract]. 15th International Workshop on Atmospheric Icing of Structures Conference (IWAIS 2013) (omtale) 2013-09-08 - 2013-09-11 2013.

  • Virk, Muhammad Shakeel. Forskning på kaldt klima. 2012.

  • Virk, Muhammad Shakeel; Bhattu, Shravan Kumar. Designing and testing of capitance based on atmospheric icing sensor. 2012.

  • Virk, Muhammad Shakeel; Ghani, Rizwan. Atmospheric ice detection using thermal infrared image processing based technique. 2012.

  • Virk, Muhammad Shakeel; Zaman, Kamran. Design of an intelligent anti/de-icing system for large offshore structures. 2012.

  • Ghani, Rizwan; Virk, Muhammad Shakeel. Offshore Ice Detection using Infrared Based Image Processing Techniques. ColdTech Workshop 2012-06-14 - 2012-06-14 2012.

  • Zaman, Kamran; Virk, Muhammad Shakeel. Intelligent Anti / De-Icing System for Large Offshore Arctic Oil Platforms. ColdTech Workshop 2012-06-14 - 2012-06-14 2012.

  • Kaennakahm, S.; Virk, Muhammad Shakeel; Howes, I; Kristin, L; Moatamedi, Mojtaba; Mustafa, Mohamad Y; Holdø, Arne Erik. Review of Potential Threats and Challenges to the Arctic Regions. The 2nd Latin American & Caribbean Conference on Theoretical and Applied Mechanics (LACCOTAM 2012) 2012-09-24 - 2012-09-26 2012.

  • Virk, Muhammad Shakeel. Atmospheric Icing on Structures [powerpoint]. High North Cold Technology Workshop 2012 2012-06-14 - 2012-06-14 2012.

  • Mughal, Umair Najeeb; Virk, Muhammad Shakeel. Design of Robust Atmospheric Icing Sensor [powerpoint]. High North Cold Technology Workshop 2012 2012-06-14 - 2012-06-14 2012.

  • Virk, Muhammad Shakeel; Sundsbø, Per-Arne. Forskning på kaldt klima. 2012.

  • Mughal, Umair Najeeb; Virk, Muhammad Shakeel; Mustafa, Mohamad Y. A Numerical Comparison of Dielectric based Measurement of Atmospheric Ice using Comsol. COMSOL 2012 2012-10-10 - 2012-10-12 2012.

  • Virk, Muhammad Shakeel; Mustafa, Mohamad Y. Multiphysics Analyses of Atmospheric Ice Accretion on Structures. 2nd Latin American & Caribbean Conference on Theoretical and Applied Mechanics (LACCOTAM 2012) 2012-09-24 - 2012-09-26 2012.

  • Mustafa, Mohamad Y; Virk, Muhammad Shakeel; Hamdan, Qusai-Al; Mughal, Umair Najeeb. Investigation of Appropriate Conditions for Atmospheric Ice Accretion on Onshore Structures. 2nd Latin American & Caribbean Conference on Theoretical and Applied Mechanics (LACCOTAM2012) 2012-09-24 - 2012-09-26 2012.

  • Virk, Muhammad Shakeel. Study of Atmospheric Ice Accretion on Onshore Structures using CFD Based Numerical Approach. 9th International Conference on Heat Transfer, Fluid Mechanics and Thermodynamics (HEFAT 2012) (omtale) 2012-07-16 - 2012-07-16 2012.

  • Mughal, Umair Najeeb; Virk, Muhammad Shakeel; Mustafa, Mohamad Y. Using the Molecular Structure of Atmospheric Ice for Information Sharing. Energies of the High North: The Sixth Annual Arctic Frontiers (2012) (omtale) 2012-01-25 - 2012-01-27 2012.

  • Virk, Muhammad Shakeel. Numerical Modeling of Atmospheric Ice Accretion on Circular Overhead Power Line Conductors in Tandem Arrangement. Energies of the High North: The Sixth Annual Conference Arctic Frontiers (2012) 2012-01-25 - 2012-01-25 2012.

  • Mughal, Umair Najeeb; Virk, Muhammad Shakeel. A Numerical Comparison of Dielectric based Measurement of Atmospheric Ice Using Comsol. The 8th Annual Conference on Multiphysics Simulation (COMSOL 2012) 2012-10-10 - 2012-10-12 2012.

  • Mughal, Umair Najeeb; Virk, Muhammad Shakeel; Mustafa, Mohamad Y. Dielectric Based Sensing of Atmospheric Ice. 38th International Conference (2012): Applications of Mathematics in Engineering and Economics 2012-07-08 - 2012-07-13 2012.

  • Virk, Muhammad Shakeel. Atmospheric Icing and Sensor [powerpoint]. COLDTECH Workshop - RT3 2011-03-30 - 2011-03-30 2011.

  • Virk, Muhammad Shakeel. Atmospheric Icing on Structures (Ongoing Research Activities at HiN) [powerpoint]. Annual Meeting Association of Aerospace Universities (AAU) 2011-07-08 - 2011-07-08 2011.

  • Virk, Muhammad Shakeel; Mustafa, Mohamad Y; Mughal, Umair Najeeb. Atmospheric Ice Accretion on Circular Overhead Power Line Conductors [poster]. Nordområdekonferansen 2011 2011-11-14 - 2011-11-15 2011.

  • Mustafa, Mohamad Y; Al-Hamdan, Qusai; Mughal, Umair Najeeb; Virk, Muhammad Shakeel. A Field Measurement Set Up to Study Atmospheric Ice Accretion on Structures [poster]. Nordområdekonferansen 2011 2011-11-14 - 2011-11-15 2011.

  • Mughal, Umair Najeeb; Virk, Muhammad Shakeel; Mustafa, Mohamad Y. Design and Development of Robust Atmospheric Icing Sensor [poster]. Nordområdekonferansen 2011 2011-11-14 - 2011-11-15 2011.

  • Virk, Muhammad Shakeel. Atmospheric Icing and sensors [Powerpoint]. Coldtech -RT3 (Coldtech Mini Conference 2011) 2011-03-31 - 2011-03-31 2011.

  • Virk, Muhammad Shakeel; Homola, Matthew Carl; Nicklasson, Per Johan. Atmospheric Ice Accretion on Large Wind Turbine Blades [poster]. Nordområdekonferansen 2011 (omtale) 2011-11-14 - 2011-11-15 2011.

  • Mustafa, Mohamad Y; Alsabagh, Abdel S.Y.; Virk, Muhammad Shakeel; Moatamedi, Mojtaba; Ewan, Bruce C.. Design of Water Shock Wave Tube for Testing Composite Shell Structures [poster]. Nordområdekonferansen 2011 2011-11-14 - 2011-11-15 2011.

  • Virk, Muhammad Shakeel; Mustafa, Mohamad Y; Al-Hamdan, Qusai. Atmospheric Icing [on] Sensors. 2011.

  • Virk, Muhammad Shakeel; Mustafa, Mohamad Y. Atmospheric Ice Accretion on Structures. 2011.

  • Virk, Muhammad Shakeel. Numerical Modeling of Atmospheric Ice Accretion on Structures. 2011.

  • Homola, Matthew Carl; Virk, Muhammad Shakeel; Nicklasson, Per Johan; Sundsbø, Per-Arne. Modelling of Ice Induced Power Losses and Comparison with Observations. Winterwind 2011 (omtale) 2011-02-09 - 2011-02-10 2011.

  • Virk, Muhammad Shakeel. Numerical Study of Atmospheric Ice Accretion on Circular Cylinder. 7th International Conference on Computational Heat and Mass Transfer 2011-07-18 - 2011-07-22 2011.

  • Virk, Muhammad Shakeel. Vindenergi løftes frem på HiN. 2010.

  • Virk, Muhammad Shakeel; Homola, Matthew Carl; Nicklasson, Per Johan. Atmospheric icing on wind turbines [power point]. ColdTech miniconference 2010-03-05 - 2010-03-05 2010.

  • Homola, Matthew Carl; Virk, Muhammad Shakeel; Nicklasson, Per Johan. Effekt av ising på energiproduksjon fra vindturbiner [power point]. NOLIA energi miljövecka 2010-11-17 - 2010-11-18 2010.

  • Virk, Muhammad Shakeel; Homola, Matthew Carl; Nicklasson, Per Johan. Multiphysics modelling of atmospheric ice accretion on wind turbines. 2010.s 26 - 26.

  • Virk, Muhammad Shakeel; Holdø, Arne Erik. Numerical Study of Wind Loads on a Low Rise Pitched Roof Building having Spirelet. International journal of computational fluid dynamics (Print) 2008; Volum 22 (10). ISSN 1061-8562.s 687 - 694.

  • Virk, Muhammad Shakeel; Holdø, Arne Erik. CFD analyses of an intermediate temperature PEM fuel cell with a perforated gas distributor. Fuel Cell Science & Technology 2008-10-08 - 2008-10-09 2008.

  • Virk, Muhammad Shakeel; Holdø, Arne Erik. Performance analyses of an intermediate temperature PEM fuel cell with a perforated gas distributor. Multiphysics Conference 2008-12-10 - 2008-12-12 2008.

  • Virk, Muhammad Shakeel; Holdø, Arne Erik. Numerical Analysis of Fluid Mixing in T-Shape Micro Mixer. COMSOL User Conference 2007-10-23 - 2007-10-27 2007.