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Source use, plagiarism and cheating on exam / mandatory assignments

As a student, you must familiarize yourself with the rules that apply to exam support materials and the use of sources and citation. If you violate the rules, you may be suspected of cheating or attempted cheating. Cheating on examinations and plagiarism in written work means breaking the academic integrity. Academic integrity is about being clear in relation to what thoughts and reflections are their own and what are obtained from other people's work so that the work can be verified. 

At UiT, cheating is regulated in section 20 in Regulations for examinations at UiT

Examples of actions which are counted as cheating or as an attempt to cheat are:

  1. to use unauthorised supports during the exam
  2. to present the work of other people as one's own work
  3. to cite sources or in other ways to use sources in one's written work without referencing those sources properly
  4. to submit an examination answer which has previously been submitted as an examination answer at the University of Tromsø or any other institution of higher education
  5. to engage in unauthorized communication with other students during the examination
  6. to act in conflict with the examination regulations or in any other unlawful way which may give one advantages at the exam.

Cheating and attempts to cheat during coursework requirements which involve some elements of assessment (by university staff) are regulated by the same rules as cheating at the exam.

We encourage all students to attend Kurs i informasjonskompetanse (courses in information competence), arranged at the start of each autumn semester.

For written portfolio assignments / homework examination, coursework and exam
Requirements for academic integrity apply to all written submissions, both home exam, portfolio submission and work requirements. When using other people's texts and ideas in their own assignment, you are required to refer to the source you have used. It concerns figures, codes, information, reasoning and arguments derived from literature, lecture notes, counseling, other student's answers, own previously delivered answers or web pages. The source should be visualized in the literature list and in the text with the name of the author, title and page number. 

Avoid plagiarism
If quotes or longer text blocks are quoted verbatim from other sources, this should be highlighted to make it clear that it is a quote. Failure to refer to sources or highlight quotes are considered plagiarism, ie cheating.

Note that UiT uses different software (Urkund or Ephorus) to uncover plagiarism of submitted responses. These programs can check the answer to the internet, different text databases and other submitted assignments. 

Collaboration on individual submission
We encourage collaboration between students. It is permitted to discuss the assignment orally with others; both students and other people. However, co-operation between individuals on portfolio assignments / homework examinations, assignments, etc., which leads to textual similarity in the submitted report and / or code, or which gives one or several candidates wrongful benefits in the exam situation, is considered cheating. 

Use of references 
Please use different sources of inspiration, literature, code, figures, assignments and other types of references as long as they are cited and referenced correctly. But the submitted product should be essentially done by the student. The student's own academic contribution is what is to be considered for the exam, so a high proportion of use of other sources weakens the ability of the candidate to show his / her own competence and thus achieve a good grade.

Highlightning of quote and references 
The different disciplines / disciplines can have their own ways of highlightning quotes and references (indentation, quotation marks, reference to source - author, title, year, page number, publisher). If you have any doubts about how to do that, ask the teacher for the course you are taking.

At school exam
The examination paper states whether it is permitted to use exam support materials, and which exam support materials are allowed. It is not allowed to use any support materials other than this (such as cheat sheet, mobile phones, books, illegal notes in permitted laws, calculators, etc.). It may also be considered cheating to have access to illegal support materials even if they are not used.

All communication between candidates in the exam room is prohibited. It is also not permitted to contact other candidates or other persons during toilet visits / air tours.

NB! For school exams where it is not permitted to use exam support materials, there is no need for full reference.

Suspected cheating
Students and sensors, other employees and external persons may report suspicions of cheating to the study advisor at the relevant study programme (department) or to the study section at the Faculty of Natural Sciences and Technology, which will investigate the matter further.

If student (s) are suspected of cheating, either before, during or after the exam, this will be investigated further. If it is decided to raise disciplinary proceedings to the University's Appeals Board, the student (s) will be confronted with the suspicion and will be given an opportunity to comment on the matter. In some cases extra time may be required for censorship if suspected cheating occurs.



Page administrator: Jan Fuglesteg
Last updated: 15.08.2018 16:58

Cheating is punished with cancellation of the exam and / or exclusion under the rules of the University and Colleges Act sections 4-7 and 4-8. Decisions regarding cancellation or exclusion are taken by the University's Appeals Board at the UiT. The person charged with cheating may be excluded from the UiT and deprived of the right to graduate at institutions under the Act on Universities and Colleges for up to one year.

Decisions regarding cancellation or exclusion may be appealed in accordance with the Act on University and Higher Education Act, § 4-7 (3) and § 5-1 (7). The University's Appeals Board's decision may be appealed to a national appeals committee. In the case of such an appeal, the decision as a rule shall not be initiated before the complaint has been closed.

You can read more about what regulations for exams §20 say about cheating here: 

All about exams

Free and open course about learning strategies and information literacy
(given by the University Library at UiT)