Computer security on your personal PC
10 simple steps for security on your personal computer
- Updating your OS: Your operating system (Windows, MAC OS, Linux), antivirus, Java and Office software must be kept up to date.
- Antivirus software must be installed and updated. Please note that free applications may stop updating after a while. Consider Microsoft Security Essentials as an option for a fair, free antivirus software.
- Firewall: Make sure that the firewall is enabled. Firewall can be integrated in the operating system or antivirus software. Make sure that one of these is always active.
- Password: - this is information that you should never give to others - not even your friends, family or IT support. Remember; UiT will never require you to enter your password.
- Backup of your personal files on your computer should be performed regularly to avoid losing them if you need to reinstall your operating system.
- Spam Never open, preview or run any attachments in e-mail coming from an unknown or untrusted sender. You should delete spam whenever you receive it.
- Pop-up windows and banner ads Suspicious error messages that mimic legitimate screens that appear in the browser are known methods used by scam software to trick users into downloading and installing fake products. Never accept offers of "free" security scans that pop up on random websites.
- Toolbars and unwanted software when you download and install the free software supplied often with alternate toolbars (toolbars) or other third party software. If you do not have the ability to say no to these during download / installation, we do not recommend that you install the program.
- Internet: the Internet provides many opportunities while it may involve a security risk. When you surf the Internet, you're in effect providing access to your computer. It is important to keep your operating system, antivirus and other software that is installed on your computer updated. In addition, you should be careful with sites you visit and what you do on these. The best security is to ensure that you do not surf the web when you are logged in as an administrator on the machine.
- Know your own machine, you should at least have an overview of the operating system and the name of the antivirus program installed on your computer. Suspicious error messages displayed in the browser are often methods used by scam software to trick users into downloading and installing fake products. For example, free scan of your machine to find fault or threats, updating antivirus. If you know your machine so you know which program to request the updating or scanning the computer.
Employees and students who use IT resources at the university must adhere to these guidelines, including the section for data security.
5.0 Data security
The user is obliged to take measures that are necessary for loss of data or the like shall be minimized through backup, proper storage of media, etc. This can be done by ensuring that the operating personnel take care of this.
Individual files are basically personal, but should be protected so they can not be read by others.
A user is responsible for keeping passwords or other security elements, and to prevent unauthorized access to IT resources. This is also giving away username and password to machines that do not belong to the University. This may be to save the university username / password in browsers on remote machines.
Importation of data carries a risk of unwanted elements such as. viruses, worms and Trojans. Users are required to implement measures to protect IT assets against such. All computers (including home and portable computers) to the university's IT resources must be protected by appropriate security mechanisms (antivirus, firewall, system for regular updates, etc.).
The user is obliged to report conditions that may affect the security or integrity of the immediate superior or the person responsible for data security.
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