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Department of Medical Biology james.mercer@uit.no Tromsø

Mercer, James


Professor emeritus

Job description

Full time professor at the Cardiovascular research Group, Faculty of health sciences

In addition, Professor Mercer has a part time position at the Department of Radiology, The University Hospital of Northern Norway, Tromsø, Norway


  • Chaudhry, Muiz Akram; Mercer, James; de Weerd, Louis. In vivo perforasome perfusion in hemi-DIEP flaps evaluated with indocyanine-green fluorescence angiography and infrared thermography. Plastic and reconstructive surgery. Global open 2021; Volum 0 (5). ISSN 2169-7574.s doi: 10.1097/GOX.0000000000003560.
  • Mouhat, Mathieu; Stangvaltaite-Mouhat, Lina; Mercer, James; Nilsen, Bo Wold; Örtengren, Ulf. Light-curing units used in dentistry: Effect of their characteristics on temperature development in teeth. Dental materials journal 2021; Volum 40 (5). ISSN 0287-4547.s 1177 - 1188.s doi: 10.4012/dmj.2020-305.
  • Sjöberg, Thomas K.; Mercer, James; Weum, Sven; de Weerd, Louis. The value of dynamic infrared thermography in pedicled thoracodorsal artery perforator flap surgery. Plastic and reconstructive surgery. Global open 2020. ISSN 2169-7574.s 1 - 7.s doi: 10.1097/GOX.0000000000002799.
  • Nilsen, Bo Wold; Mouhat, Mathieu; Haukland, Torbjørn; Ørtengren, Ulf Thore; Mercer, James. Heat Development in the Pulp Chamber During Curing Process of Resin-Based Composite Using Multi-Wave LED Light Curing Unit. Clinical, Cosmetic and Investigational Dentistry 2020; Volum 12. ISSN 1179-1357.s 271 - 280.s doi: 10.2147/CCIDE.S257450.
  • Norheim, Arne Johan; Borud, Einar Kristian; Wilsgaard, Tom; de Weerd, Louis; Mercer, James. Variability in peripheral rewarming after cold stress among 255 healthy Norwegian army conscripts assessed by dynamic infrared thermography. (fulltekst) (sammendrag) International Journal of Circumpolar Health 2018; Volum 77:1536250. ISSN 1239-9736.s 1 - 10.s doi: 10.1080/22423982.2018.1536250.
  • Nergård, Solveig; Mercer, James; de Weerd, Louis. Perfusion dynamics in abdominal skin after free abdominal flap breast reconstruction using internal mammary vessels as recipient vessels. A clinical study using Dynamic Infrared Thermography. (sammendrag) Thermology International 2018; Volum 28 (4). ISSN 1560-604X.s 194 - 196.s doi: 10.1097/gox.0000000000001601.
  • Nergård, Solveig; Mercer, James; de Weerd, Louis. Internal Mammary Vessels’ Impact on Abdominal Skin Perfusion in Free Abdominal Flap Breast Reconstruction. Plastic and reconstructive surgery. Global open 2017; Volum 5 (12). ISSN 2169-7574.s doi: 10.1097/GOX.0000000000001601.
  • Norheim, Arne Johan; Mercer, James; Musial, Frauke; de Weerd, Louis. A new treatment for frostbite sequelae; Botulinum toxin. International Journal of Circumpolar Health 2017; Volum 76 (1). ISSN 1239-9736.s 1 - 5.s doi: 10.1080/22423982.2016.1273677.
  • Hoffmann, Gerd; Harte, Mark; Mercer, James. Heat for wounds – water-filtered infrared-A (wIRA) for wound healing – a review [Wärme für Wunden – Wassergefiltertes Infrarot A (wIRA) für die Wundheilung – Eine Übersicht]. German Medical Science 2016; Volum 14:Doc08. ISSN 1612-3174.
  • Weum, Sven; Mercer, James; de Weerd, Louis. Evaluation of dynamic infrared thermography as an alternative to CT angiography for perforator mapping in breast reconstruction: A clinical study. BMC Medical Imaging 2016; Volum 16:43. ISSN 1471-2342.s doi: 10.1186/s12880-016-0144-x.
  • Hoffmann, Gerd; Hartel, M; Mercer, James. Heat for wounds - water filtered infrared-A for wound healing- a review.. German Medical Science 2016; Volum 14. ISSN 1612-3174.s doi: 10.3205/000235.
  • Mouhat, Mathieu; Mercer, James; Stangvaltaite, Lina; Ørtengren, Ulf Thore. Light-curing units used in dentistry: factors associated with heat development – potential risk for patients. (fulltekst) Clinical Oral Investigations 2016; Volum Published ahead of print. ISSN 1432-6981.s 1 - 10.s doi: 10.1007/s00784-016-1962-5.
  • Høiland, Ina Isabella; de Weerd, Louis; Mercer, James. The effect of oral uptake of nicotine in snus on peripheral skin blood circulation evaluated by thermography. Temperature 2014; Volum 1 (3). ISSN 2332-8940.s 220 - 226.s doi: 10.4161/23328940.2014.984553.
  • Soerensen, Dennis Dam; Clausen, Sønnik; Mercer, James; Pedersen, Lene Juul. Determining the emissivity of pig skin for accurate infrared thermography. Computers and Electronics in Agriculture 2014; Volum 109. ISSN 0168-1699.s 52 - 58.s doi: 10.1016/j.compag.2014.09.003.
  • Norheim, Arne Johan; Mercer, James. Can medical thermal images predict acupuncture adverse events? A case history. Acupuncture in Medicine 2012; Volum 30 (1). ISSN 0964-5284.s 51 - 52.s doi: 10.1136/aim.2011.010079.
  • Hauvik, Linn Eva; Mercer, James. Thermographic mapping of the skin surface of the head in bald-headed male subjects. Journal of Thermal Biology 2012; Volum 37 (7). ISSN 0306-4565.s 510 - 516.s doi: 10.1016/j.jtherbio.2012.05.004.
  • Weerd, Louis de; Mercer, James; Weum, Sven Magne. Dynamic Infrared Thermography. Clinics in Plastic Surgery 2011; Volum 38 (2). ISSN 0094-1298.s 277 - 292.s doi: 10.1016/j.cps.2011.03.013.
  • Miland, Åshild Odden; Weerd, Louis de; Weum, Sven; Mercer, James. Visualising vascular perfusion in isolated human abdominal flaps using dynamic infrared thermography (DIRT) and indocyanine green fluorescence video angiography (ICG-FA). European journal of plastic surgery 2009; Volum 31 (5). ISSN 0930-343X.s 235 - 242.
  • Weerd, Louis de; Weum, Sven Magne; Mercer, James. The Value of Dynamic Infrared Thermography (DIRT) in Perforator Selection and Planning of Free DIEP Flaps. Annals of Plastic Surgery 2009; Volum 63 (3). ISSN 0148-7043.s 274 - 279.s doi: 10.1097/SAP.0b013e318190321e.
  • Bøkenes, Lise; Mercer, James; MacEvilly, Sheila; Andrews, James F; Bolle, Roald. Annual variations in indoor climate in the homes of elderly persons living in Dublin, Ireland and Tromsø, Norway. European Journal of Public Health 2009. ISSN 1101-1262.s doi: 10.1093/eurpub/ckp109.
  • de Weerd, L; Miland, Åshild Odden; Mercer, James. Perfusion Dynamics of Free DIEP and SIEA Flaps During the First Postoperative Week Monitored With Dynamic Infrared Thermography. Annals of Plastic Surgery 2009; Volum 62 (1). ISSN 0148-7043.s 42 - 47.s doi: 10.1097/SAP.0b013e3181776374.
  • Stikbakke, Einar; Mercer, James. An infrared thermographic and laser Doppler flowmetric investigation of skin perfusion in the forearm and finger tip following a short period of vasculart stasis. (fulltekst) Thermology International 2008; Volum 18. ISSN 1560-604X.s 107 - 111.
  • Miland, Åshild Odden; De Weerd, Louis; Mercer, James. Visualising skin perfusion in isolated human abdominal skin flaps using dynamic infrared thermography and indocyanine green fluorescence video angiography. European journal of plastic surgery 2008; Volum 31. ISSN 0930-343X.s 235 - 242.s doi: 10.1007/s00238-008-0280-9.
  • Mercer, James; Nielsen, Stig Pors; Hoffmann, Gerd. Improvement of wound healing by water-filtered infrared-A (wIRA) in patients with chronic venous stasis ulcers of the lower legs including evaluation using infrared thermography. (fulltekst) German Medical Science 2008; Volum 6. ISSN 1612-3174.s 1 - 26.
  • Meknas, Khaled; Miland, Åshild Odden; Mercer, James; Castillejo, Miguel; Johansen, oddmund. Radiofrequency microtenotomy - A promising method for treatment of recalcitrant lateral epicondylitis. (data) American Journal of Sports Medicine 2008; Volum 36 (10). ISSN 0363-5465.s 1960 - 1965.s doi: 10.1177/0363546508318045.
  • Miland, Åshild Odden; De Weerd, Louis; Mercer, James. Intraoperative use of dynamic infrared thermography and indocyanine green fluorescence video angiography to predict partial skin flap loss. European journal of plastic surgery 2008. ISSN 0930-343X.s doi: 10.1007/s00238-007-0201-3.
  • von Felbert, Verena; Schumann, Hauke; Mercer, James; Strasser, Wolfgang; Daeschlein, Georg; Hoffmann, Gerd. Therapy of chronic wounds with water-filtered infrared-A (wIRA). (data) GMS Krankenhaushygiene Interdisziplinär 2008; Volum 2 (2). ISSN 1863-5245.s 1 - 12.
  • Ring, J.F.; Mercer, James. Thermal Imaging for Fever Screening. The Magazine of the International Organization for Standardization 2007; Volum 4. ISSN 1729-8709.s 33 - 35.
  • Hartel, Mark; Illing, Peter; Mercer, James; Lademann, Jürgen; Daeschlein, Georg; Hoffmann, Gerd. Therapy of acute wounds with water-filtered infrared-A (wIRA). (fulltekst) GMS Krankenhaushygiene Interdisziplinär 2007; Volum 2 (2). ISSN 1863-5245.s 1 - 15.
  • Pascoe, David D.; Mercer, James; De Weerd, Louis. Physiology of Thermal Signals. CRC Press 2006 ISBN 0-8493-2122-0.
  • De Weerd, Louis; Mercer, James. Intermittent isometric contractions of the rectus abdominis muscle by application of trancutaneous electrical nerve stimulation (TENS) and its effect on blood flow in the overlying skin. Thermology International 2006; Volum 16 (4). ISSN 1560-604X.s 150 - 154.
  • de Weerd, L; Mercer, James; Setså, Line Bø. Intraoperative dynamic infrared thermography and free-flap surgery. Annals of Plastic Surgery 2006; Volum 57. ISSN 0148-7043.s 279 - 284.
  • Miland, Åshild Odden; Mercer, James. Effect of a short period of abstinence from smoking on rewarming patterns of the hands following local cooling. European Journal of Applied Physiology 2006; Volum 98 (2). ISSN 1439-6319.s 161 - 168.
  • Setså, Line Bøe; Mercer, James; DeWeerd, Louis; Elvenes, Odd Petter. Dynamic Thermography as a reliable, non-invasive and easy method for monitoring perfusion in free flap surgery, preliminary results. Thermology International 2005; Volum 15 (2). ISSN 1560-604X.s 75 - 75.
  • Mercer, James; DeWeerd, Louis; Elvenes, Odd Petter. Intermittent isometric contractions of the rectus abdominis muscle by application of Transcutaneous Electrical Nerve Stimulation (TENS) and its effect on skin temperature and blood flow in the overlying skin. Thermology International 2005; Volum 15 (2). ISSN 1560-604X.s 75 - 76.
  • Mercer, James; DeWeerd, Louis. The effect of water-filtered infrared-A (wIRA) irradiation on skin temperature and skin blood flow as evaluated by infrared thermography and scanning laser Doppler imaging. Thermology International 2005; Volum 15. ISSN 1560-604X.s 89 - 94.
  • Mercer, James. Cold - an underrated risk factor for health. Environmental Research 2004; Volum 92. ISSN 0013-9351.s 8 - 13.
  • Bøkenes, Lise; Alexandersen, Toril E.; Tveita, Torkjel; Østerud, Bjarne; Mercer, James. Physiological and haematological responses to cold exposure in young subjects. International Journal of Circumpolar Health 2004; Volum 63 (2). ISSN 1239-9736.s 115 - 128.
  • Rasmussen, L; Mercer, James. A comparison of the thermal responses in hands and feet of young and elderly subjects in response to local cooling as determined by infrared imaging. Thermology International 2004; Volum 14. ISSN 1560-604X.s 71 - 76.
  • Eng, Helene; Mercer, James. Mortality from Cacardiovascular diseases and its relationship to air temperature during the winter months in Dublin and Oslo/Akershus. International Journal of Circumpolar Health 2000; Volum 59 (3-4). ISSN 1239-9736.s 176 - 181.
  • Eng, Helene; Mercer, James. The relationship between mortality caused by cardiovascular diseases and two climatic factors in densely populated areas in Norway and Ireland. Journal of Cardiovascular Risk 2000; Volum 7. ISSN 1350-6277.s 369 - 375.
  • Eng, Helene; Mercer, James. Seasonal variations in mortality caused by cardiovascular diseases in Norway and Ireland. Journal of Cardiovascular Risk 1998; Volum 5. ISSN 1350-6277.s 89 - 95.
  • Chaudhry, Muiz Akram; Mercer, James; de Weerd, Louis. The effect of perforator dissection on perfusion pattern in a hemi-DIEP flap evaluated with dynamic infrared thermography and indocyanine green fluorescence angiography.. 25th annual Conference of the Pakistan Association of Plastic Surgeons 2020-03-13 - 2020-03-14 2020.
  • Chaudhry, Muiz Akram; Mercer, James; de Weerd, Louis. Dynamic infrared thermography in combination with indocyanine green fluorescence angiography for evaluating perfusion in a vascularized DIEP flap- detection of early warning signs.. 25th annual Conference of the Pakistan Association of Plastic Surgeons 2020-03-13 - 2020-03-14 2020.
  • Nergård, Solveig; Mercer, James; de Weerd, Louis. Hudperfusjon etter bukplastikk. Norsk Plastikkirurgisk høstmøte 2019-10-21 - 2019-10-25 2019.
  • Nergård, Solveig; Mercer, James; de Weerd, Louis. Free abdominal flap breast reconstruction using internal mammary vessels as reciepeint vessels. A clinical study investigating perfusion dynamics in abdominal skin using Dynamic Infrared Thermography.. European Association of Plastic Surgery (EURAPS) Meeting 2019-05-23 - 2019-05-25 2019.
  • Chaudhry, Muiz Akram; Weum, Sven; Mercer, James; de Weerd, Louis. Multimodal approach for evaluating perfusion dynamics in isolated hemi-DIEP-flaps.. 10th Congress of World Society for Reconstructive Microsurgery 2019-06-12 - 2019-06-15 2019.
  • Nergård, Solveig; Mercer, James; de Weerd, Louis. Free abdominal flap breast reconstruction using internal mammary vessels as recipient vessels. A clinical study investigating perfusion dynamics in abdominal skin using Dynamic Infrared Thermography.. 10th Congress of World Society for Reconstructive Microsurgery 2019-06-12 - 2019-06-15 2019.
  • Chaudhry, Muiz Akram; Weum, Sven; Mercer, James; de Weerd, Louis. Multimodal tilnærming til evaluering av perfusjonsdynamikk i isolerte hemi-DIEP lapper- preliminære resultater. Norsk Plastikkirurgisk høstmøte 2019-10-21 - 2019-10-25 2019.
  • Chaudhry, Muiz Akram; Sjöberg, Thomas K.; Weum, Sven; Mercer, James; de Weerd, Louis. Effekt av perforatordisseksjon på perfusjonsmønsteret i hemi-DIEP lapper evaluert med dynamisk infrarød thermografi og indocyaningrønn fluorescensangiografi. Norsk Plastikkirurgisk høstmøte 2019-10-21 - 2019-10-25 2019.
  • Chaudhry, Muiz Akram; Sjöberg, Thomas K.; Weum, Sven; Mercer, James; de Weerd, Louis. Kombinasjon av indocyaningrønn fluorescensangiografi og dynamisk infrarød thermografi til å påvise intraoperative faresignaler i den mikrovaskulariserte DIEP-lapper. Norsk Plastikkirurgisk høstmøte 2019-10-21 - 2019-10-25 2019.
  • Chaudhry, Muiz Akram; Sjöberg, Thomas K.; Weum, Sven; Mercer, James; de Weerd, Louis. Perforatorkartlegging ved bruk av ultralyd, CTangiografi, dynamisk infrarød thermografi og ICG fluorecensangiografi- en komparativ studie. Norsk Plastikkirurgisk høstmøte 2018-10-23 - 2018-10-26 2018.
  • Mercer, James; Sjøberg, Thomas; Weum, Sven; DeWeerd, Louis; Chaudhry, Muiz Akram. Perfusion patterns of periumbilical and lateral row perforators of the lower abdomen evaluated with dynamic infrared thermography (DIRT) and indocyanine green (ICG) fluorescence angiography. XIV Congress of the European Association of Thermology 2018-07-04 - 2018-07-07 2018.
  • Mercer, James; Chaudhry, Muiz Akram; Sjøberg, Thomas; Weum, Sven; DeWeerd, Louis. Perfusion patterns of periumbilical and lateral row perforators of the lower abdomen evaluated with dynamic infrared thermography (DIRT) and indocyanine green (ICG) fluorescence angiography. Thermology International 2018; Volum 28 (2). ISSN 1560-604X.s 92 - 92.
  • Norheim, Arne Johan; Borud, Einar Kristian; Wilsgård, Tom; DeWeerd, Louis; Mercer, James. Variability in peripheral rewarming after cold stress among 255 healthy Norwegian army conscripts assessed by dynamic infrared thermography.. XIV Congress of the European Association of Thermology 2018-07-04 - 2018-07-07 2018.
  • Norheim, Arne Johan; Borud, Einar Kristian; Wilsgård, Tom; DeWeerd, Louis; Mercer, James. Variability in peripheral rewarming after cold stress among 255 healthy Norwegian army conscripts assessed by dynamic infrared thermography.. Thermology International 2018; Volum 28 (2). ISSN 1560-604X.s 83 - 84.
  • Nergård, Solveig; Mercer, James; DeWeerd, Louis. Internal mammary vessels impact on abdominal skin perfusion in free abdominal flap breast reconstruction, final result.. XIV Congress of the European Association of Thermology 2018-07-04 - 2018-07-07 2018.
  • Mouhat, Mathieu; Stangvaltaite, Lina; Mercer, James; Õrtengren, Ulf. Comparison of temperature development in teeth using different LED Light Curing Units. AIC 19th INTERNATIONAL CONGRESS and CONSEURO 2017-05-11 - 2017-05-13 2017.
  • de Weerd, Louis; Sjøberg, Thomas K.; Mercer, James; Weum, Sven. The perfusion code of DIEP and ms-TRAM flaps is a hard nut to crack. Journal of Plastic, Reconstructive & Aesthetic Surgery 2017; Volum 70 (4). ISSN 1748-6815.s 549 - 550.s doi: 10.1016/j.bjps.2016.11.031.
  • Mouhat, Mathieu; Mercer, James; Hakeberg, Magnus; Örtengren, Ulf Tore. Light curing devices used in dentistry – heat development – a risk for patients?. Fellesmøtet for kariologi (Oslo, Bergen og Tromsø) 2016-01-29 - 2016-01-30 2016.
  • Mouhat, Mathieu; Mercer, James; Ørtengren, Ulf Thore. Temperature distribution on natural teeth subjected to light curing with different LED curing devices –preliminary results. Oral presentation.. 19th National Congress of the Polish Association of Thermology 2015-03-21 - 2015-03-23 2015.
  • Tverås, Terje; Mercer, James; Norheim, Arne Johan; de Weerd, Louis. Gir kuldeforskerne en håndsrekning. 2015.
  • Myrbakken, Malin; Mercer, James; Norheim, Arne Johan; de Weerd, Louis. Skaper internasjonal intresse - Bruker Setermoensoldater til forskning av frostskader. 2015.
  • Gaarder, Jorun; Mercer, James. 8 myter og sannheter om kroppstemperatur (Dagbladet). 2015.
  • Ternullo, Selenia; de Weerd, Louis; Mercer, James; Flaten, Gøril Eide; Holsæter, Ann Mari; Skalko-Basnet, Natasa. Isolated perfused human skin flap model: Innovative approach to improve skin therapy. 24th Liposome Workshop Ameland 2015-10-05 - 2015-10-09 2015.
  • Mouhat, Mathieu; Mercer, James; Hakeberg, Magnus; Ørtengren, Ulf Thore. LED curing devices –Temperature distribution on natural teeth correlated to intensity and distances. 47th Meeting of Continental European Division of the International Association for Dental Research (CED-IADR) 2015-10-15 - 2015-10-17 2015.
  • Mercer, James; de Weerd, Louis; Sjøberg, Thomas A.. Pre-, intra- and postoperative use of dynamic infrared thermography (DIRT) in breast reconstruction using a fascio-cutaneous pedicled perforator flap. XIII Congres of the European Association of Thermology 2015-09-03 - 2015-09-05 2015.
  • Norheim, Arne Johan; Borud, Einar Kristian; Sagen, Thomas; Helle, D; Mercer, James; DeWeerd, Louis. “Normal” thermography among 122 soldiers in the Norwegian armed forces. XIII Congres of the European Association of Thermology 2015-09-03 - 2015-09-05 2015.
  • Mercer, James; DeWeerd, Louis. Thermography and Thermal Symmetry. 2014 IEEEInternational Symposium on Medical Measurements and Applications (MeMeA) 2014-06-11 - 2014.
  • de Weerd, Louis; Weum, Sven; Mercer, James. Locating perforator vessels by dynamic infrared imaging and flow Doppler with no thermal cold challenge. Annals of Plastic Surgery 2014; Volum 72 (2). ISSN 0148-7043.s 261 - 261.s doi: 10.1097/SAP.0b013e31823f3e24.
  • Norheim, Arne Johan; Mercer, James; de Weerd, Louis; Borud, Einar Kristian; Sagen, Terje; Hjelle, Dag. Termografi ved frostskader i Forsvaret. Tidsskrift for Den norske legeforening 2014; Volum 134 (17). ISSN 0029-2001.s 1645 - .s doi: 10.4045/tidsskr.14.0634.
  • de Weerd, Louis; Weum, Sven; Mercer, James. Detection of perforators using thermal imaging. Plastic and Reconstructive Surgery 2014; Volum 134 (5). ISSN 0032-1052.s 850e - 851e.s doi: 10.1097/PRS.0000000000000595.
  • Mercer, James. Kan man få kuldeskader i varmegrader?. Labyrint 2014. ISSN 1890-565X.
  • Øvreberg, Elisabeth; Mercer, James. Svette lukter ikke vondt. 2014.
  • Øvreberg, Elisabeth; Mercer, James. Er det sant at man kan få kuldeskader i varmegrader?. 2014.
  • Helland, Astrid Øvre; Mercer, James. Dette gjør snusen med hendene dine. 2014.
  • Mercer, James; VG, Nett. Fysiolog: Husløse bør få tak over hoved ved 10 plussgrader. 2014.
  • Kluge, Lars; Lundgaard, Hilde; Mercer, James. 10 minusgrader er helt urimelig. 2014.
  • Kjølberg, Birger; Mercer, James; Høiland, Ina Isabella. Snusere har kaldere hender enn ikke-snusere. 2014.
  • Aftenposten, .; Mercer, James. Byen med det kalde hjertet. 2014.
  • VG, Nett; Mercer, James. Fysiolog: Husløse bør få tak over hodet ved 10 plussgrader. 2014.
  • Løkebø, Jan Erik; Mercer, James; Trasti, N.C.; DeWeerd, Louis. Treatment of frostbite with tissue plasminogen activator and hyperbaric oxygen therapy - report of a case. 15th European Burns Association 2013-08-28 - 2013-08-31 2013.
  • Mercer, James; Weum, Sven; Høiland, Ina Isabella; DeWeerd, Louis. Dynamic infrared thermography (DIRT) can be used for accurate mapping of perforators in breast reconstruction based on surgical results and computed tomography angiography (CTA) findings. International Centre of Biocybernetics Seminar on Advances of Ibfra-Red Thermal Imaging in Medicine 2013-07-01 - 2013-07-02 2013.
  • Mercer, James; Løkebø, Jan WErik; DeWeerd, Louis. Thermography as an adjunct with other imaging modalities to evaluate the perfusion of freezing cold injuries.. Thermology International 2013; Volum 23 (2). ISSN 1560-604X.s 66 - 66.
  • de Weerd, Louis; Mercer, James; Weum, Sven. Evaluering av mikrosirkulasjon ved lappekirurgi med termografi. Kirurgen 2012; Volum 2. ISSN 1504-8888.s 112 - 114.
  • Weerd, Louis de; Weum, Sven; Mercer, James. Dynamic Infrared Thermography (DIRT) in the preoperative, intraoperative and postoperative phase of DIEP flap surgery. Journal of Plastic, Reconstructive & Aesthetic Surgery 2012; Volum 65 (5). ISSN 1748-6815.s 694 - 695.s doi: 10.1016/j.bjps.2011.11.013.
  • Weerd, Louis de; Weum, Sven; Mercer, James. Dynamic Infrared Thermography A Useful Tool in the Preoperative Planning of Deep Inferior Epigastric Perforator Flaps. Annals of Plastic Surgery 2012; Volum 68 (6). ISSN 0148-7043.s 639 - 640.s doi: 10.1097/SAP.0b013e318244413a.
  • Nergård, Solveig; Mercer, James; De Weerd, Louis. Har høsting av arteria mammaria interna i forbindelse med brystrekonstruksjon med DIEP lapp effekt på hudens blodsirkulasjon på bukveggen?. Plastikkirurgisk høstmøte 2012 (data) 2012-10-25 - 2012.
  • Weerd, Louis de; Weum, Sven; Mercer, James. Locating Perforator Vessels Using Dynamic Infrared Thermography. Annals of Plastic Surgery 2012. ISSN 0148-7043.s doi: 10.1097/SAP.0b013e31823f3e24.
  • bruaset, ingvild; Mercer, James. Viktige gutter bruker ikke lue. 2012.
  • Kazansky, Jan-Yuri; Kuklin, Vladimir; Mercer, James; Bjertnaes, Lars J.. Measurement of fluctuations in skin conductance for evaluating effectiveness of regional blockade.. The 31th Congress of the Scandinavian Society of Anaesthesiologists. 2011-06-15 - 2011-06-17 2011.
  • Bøkenes, Lise; Mercer, James; MacEvilly, Sheila; Andrews, James F; Bolle, Roald. Annual variations in indoor climate in the homes of elderly persons living in Dublin, Ireland and Tromso, Norway. European Journal of Public Health 2011; Volum 21 (4). ISSN 1101-1262.s 526 - 531.s doi: 10.1093/eurpub/ckp109.
  • Mercer, James; Weerd, Louis de; Miland, Åshild Odden; Weum, Sven. Pre-, intra- and postoperative use of dynamic infrared thermography (DIRT) provides valuable information on skin perfusion in perforator flaps used in reconstructive surgery. InfraMation 2012 2010-11-08 - 2010-11-12 2010.
  • Meknas, Khaled; Johansen, oddmund; Mercer, James; Odden Miland, Åshild; Castillejo, Miguel. Radiofrequency Microtenotomy A Promising Method for Treatment of Recalcitrant Lateral Epicondylitis. ESSKA 2010-06-09 - 2010-06-12 2010.
  • Mercer, James; De Weerd, Louis; Miland, Åshild Odden; Weum, Sven. Dynamic infrared thermography of perforator flaps provides valuable information on skin perfusion for both reconstructive surgeons and physiologists. The 11th. European Congress of Medical Thermology 2009-09-17 - 2009.
  • Torrao, N; Fuller, A; Hidden, P; Mercer, James. Skin temperatures of the African elephant (Loxodonta africana) in the heat. The 11th. European Congress of Medical Thermology 2009-09-17 - 2009.
  • Torrao, N; Fuller, A; Mercer, James; Hidden, P. Skin and body temperatures in African elephants, Loxodonta africana. the 50th anniversary conference of the Zoological Society of Southern Africa 2009-07-21 - 2009.
  • Mercer, James; Nielsen, Stig Pors; Hoffmann, Gerd. Improvement of wound healing by water-filtered infrared-A (wIRA) in patients with chronic venous stasis ulcers of the lower legs including evaluation using infrared thermography. the 11th. European Congress of the European Association of Thermology 2009-09-17 - 2009.
  • Miland, Åshild Odden; Frantzen, J; Mortensen, Rica; Bremnes, Y; Eldevik, Petter; Traasdahl, E; Kumle, M; Mercer, James. Dynamic infrared thermography and early detection of breast cancer - a double-blind investigation. the 11th. European Congress of the European Association of Thermology 2009-09-17 - 2009.
  • Mercer, James; Ring, J.F.. Fever screening and infrared thermal imaging: concerns and guidelines. Thermology International 2009; Volum 19 (3). ISSN 1560-604X.s 67 - 69.
  • Mercer, James; Nielsen, Stig Pors; Hoffmann, Gerd. Improvement of wound healing by water-filtered infrared-A (wIRA) in patients with chronic venous stasis ulcers of the lower legs including evaluation using infrared thermography. Thermology International 2009; Volum 19 (3). ISSN 1560-604X.s 92 - .
  • Torrao, N; Fuller, A; Hidden, P; Mercer, James. Skin temperatures of the African elephant (Loxodonta africana) in the heat. Thermology International 2009; Volum 19 (3). ISSN 1560-604X.s 88 - .
  • Torrao, N; Fuller, A; Mercer, James; Hidden, P. Skin and body temperatures in African elephants, Loxodonta africana. African Zoology 2009. ISSN 1562-7020.
  • Miland, Åshild Odden; Frantzen, J; Mortensen, Rica; Bremnes, Yngve; Eldevik, Petter; Traasdahl, E; Kumle, M; Mercer, James. Dynamic infrared thermography and early detection of breast cancer - a double-blind investigation. Thermology International 2009; Volum 19 (3). ISSN 1560-604X.s 91 - .
  • Mercer, James; De Weerd, Louis; Miland, Åshild Odden; Weum, Sven. Dynamic infrared thermography of perforator flaps provides valuable information on skin perfusion for both reconstructive surgeons and physiologists. Thermology International 2009; Volum 19 (3). ISSN 1560-604X.s 87 - .
  • Hidden, Philippa; Fuller, Andrea; Fick, Linda; Mercer, James. Infrared Thermography in semi-free ranging domesticated African Elephants (Loxodonta africana) - preliminary results from a pilot study. Thermology International 2008; Volum 18. ISSN 1560-604X.s 59 - .
  • Hidden, P; Fuller, A; Fick, L; Mercer, James. Infrared Thermography in semi-free ranging domesticated African Elephants (Loxodonta africana) - preliminary results from a pilot study. 12th National Congress of the Polish Association of Thermology 2008-03-28 - 2008-03-30 2008.
  • Miland, Åshild Odden; Mercer, James. Dynamic Infrared Thermography in the assessment of skin perfusion - a clinical and experimental study. 2008 ISBN 978-82-7589-200-1.
  • Mercer, James. Dynamic thermal imaging and its role in medicine. Thermology International 2007; Volum 17. ISSN 1560-604X.s 156 - .
  • Mercer, James. Dynamic Thermography. 33rd. Annual Meeting of the American Academy of Thermology and the International College of Medical Thermology 2007-06-07 - 2007-06-09 2007.
  • Weum, Sven Magne; De Weerd, Louis; Miland, Åshild Odden; Mercer, James. Kartlegging av vaskulær anatomi med 3D CT, dynamisk infrarød termografi og indocyaningrønn fluorescens videoangiografi i en perforatorlapp. Preliminær presentasjon av en komparativ studie. the Autumn meeting of the Norwegian Radiological Society 2007-10-25 - 2007.
  • Mercer, James. Dynamic thermal imaging and its role in medicine. 20th. Thermological Symposium of the Austrian Society of Thermology 2007-11-17 - 2007.
  • Stikbakke, Einar; Mercer, James. An infrared thermal imaging and laser Doppler flowmetric investigation of skin thermal inertia in the forearm and hands following a short period of vascular stasis. 20th. Thermological Symposium of the Austrian Society of Thermology 2007-11-17 - 2007.
  • Weum, Sven Magne; De Weerd, Louis; Mercer, James. Hvordan finner man den beste perforatoren til en lappeplastikk?. Radiologisk høstmøte 2007-10-24 - 2007-10-26 2007.
  • Mercer, James. Dynamic Thermography. Thermology International 2007; Volum 17. ISSN 1560-604X.s 66 - .
  • Stikbakke, Einar; Mercer, James. An infrared thermal imaging and laser Doppler flowmetric investigation of skin thermal inertia in the forearm and hands following a short period of vascular stasis. Thermology International 2007; Volum 17. ISSN 1560-604X.s 157 - 158.
  • Miland, Åshild Odden; Mercer, James; De Weerd, Louis; Weum, Sven Magne. A preliminary report on mapping of vascular perfusion patterns in isolated human lower transverse abdominal flaps using dynamic infrared thermography (DIRT), indocynanine green (ICG) fluorescence video angiography and 3-dimensional CT scanning. Thermology International 2006; Volum 16 (3). ISSN 1560-604X.s 101 - .
  • Mercer, James; De Weerd, Louis; Setså, Line Bøe. Infrared thermography - a reliable non-invasive method for monitoring blood circulation in free flap surgery. 2nd. International Meeting on Physiology and Pharmacology of Temperature Regulation 2006-03-03 - 2006-03-06 2006.
  • De Weerd, Louis; Setså, Line Bøe; Mercer, James. Intraoperativ dynamisk infarrod termografi ved kirugi med frie lapper. Regional forskningskonferanse innen medisin og helse 2006-11-01 - 2006-11-02 2006.
  • Weum, Sven Magne; De Weerd, Louis; Miland, Åshild Odden; Mercer, James. Kartlegging av vaskulær anatomi med 3D CT, dynamisk infrarød termografi og indocyaningrønn fluorescens videoangiografi i en perforatorlapp. Radiologforeningens høstmøte 2006-10-25 - 2006-10-27 2006.
  • Miland, Åshild Odden; Mercer, James; De Weerd, Louis; Weum, Sven Magne. A preliminary report on mapping of vascular perfusion patterns in isolated human lower transverse abdominal flaps using dynamic infrared thermography (DIRT), indocyanine green (ICG) fluorescence video angiography and 3-dimensional CT scanning. 10th European Congress of Medical Thermology 2006-09-15 - 2006-09-17 2006.
  • Miland, Åshild Odden; Mercer, James; De Weerd, Louis; Weum, Sven Magne. Kartlegging av perfusjonsmønstre til enkle perforatorer i DIEP-lapp med dynamisk infrarød termografi, indocyaningrønn videoangiografi og 3D CT. Preliminære resultater fra en komparativ studie. Regional forskningskonferanse i medisin og helse 2006-11-01 - 2006-11-02 2006.
  • Mercer, James; De Weerd, Louis; Miland, Åshild Odden; Weum, Sven Magne. Kartlegging av vaskulare perfusjonsmonstre i isolerte humane transversale lapper fra nedre del av abdomen med dynamisk infrarod termografi (DIRT), indocyaningronn (ICG) fluorescens videoangiografi og tredimensjonal computertomografi (3D CT). En preliminar presentasjon. Autumn Meeting of the Norwegian Society for Surgeons 2006-10-26 - 2006.
  • Meknas, Khaled; Miland, Åshild Odden; Mercer, James. Mikrotenotomi - er den effektiv ved lateral epikondylit?. Autumn meeting of the Norwegian Society for Surgeons 2006-10-26 - 2006.
  • Meknas, Khaled; Castillejo, Miguel; Miland, Åshild Odden; Mercer, James. Mikrotenotomi - er den effektiv ved lateral epikondylit?. Regional forskningskonferanse innen medisin og helse 2006-11-01 - 2006-11-02 2006.
  • Mercer, James; De Weerd, Louis. The use of wIRA as an instrument to pre-condition skin flaps in reconstructive surgery - some future ideas. Symposium on the Dr. med. h.c. Erwin Braun Stiftung 2006-11-04 - 2006.
  • Mercer, James. Nyhets innlegg om kulde og helse. 2006.
  • Miland, Åshild Odden; Mercer, James. Effect of a short period of abstinence from smoking in young and old habitual smokers on skin rewarming patterns of the hands following local cooling. Thermology International 2005; Volum 15 (4). ISSN 1560-604X.s 151 - 152.
  • Miland, Åshild Odden; Mercer, James. Effect of a short period og abstinence from smoking in young and old habitual smokers on skin rewarming patterns of the hands following local cooling. Medical Thermography and Thermometry 2005-11-09 - 2005-11-09 2005.
  • Mercer, James; DeWeerd, Louis. The effect of water filtered infrared-A irradiation (wIRA) of the abdominal wall on skin temperature and skin blood flow monitored respectively by infrared thermography and scanning laser Doppler imaging. 8th Congress of the Polish Association of Thermology 2005-03-18 - 2005-03-20 2005.
  • Mercer, James; DeWeerd, Louis; Elvenes, Odd Petter. Intermittent isometric contractions of the rectus abdominis muscle by application of Transcutaneous Electrical Nerve Stimulation (TENS) and its effect on skin temperature and blood flow in the overlying skin. 8th Congress of the Polish Association of Thermology 2005-03-18 - 2005-03-20 2005.
  • Setså, Line Bøe; Mercer, James; DeWeerd, Louis; Elvenes, Odd Petter. Dynamic thermography as a reliable, non-invasive and easy method for monitoring perfusion in free flap surgery, preliminary results. 8th Congress of the Polish Association of Thermology 2005-03-18 - 2005-03-20 2005.
  • Mercer, James; DeWeerd, Louis; Setså, Line Bøe. Dynamisk infrarød termografi, en ny metode for intraoperativ monitorering av perfusjon i frie DIEP lapper. De første resultater. 81. Høstmøte 2005-10-24 - 2005-10-28 2005.
  • Mercer, James; Solhaug, Randi. Kulda har skylda?. (fulltekst) 2005.
  • Mercer, James; Solhaug, Randi. Kaldt ute, varmt inne. (fulltekst) 2005.
  • Mercer, James. Nyhets innlegg om kulde og sykdom. 2005.
  • Bøe Setså, Line; Mercer, James. Infrarød termografi som hjelpemiddel under brystrekonstruksjoner med frie hudlapper. 2005.
  • Mercer, James; DeWeerd, Louis. The effect of water filtered infrared-A irradiation (wIRA) of the abdominal wall on skin temperature and skin blood flow monitored respectively by infrared thermography and scanning laser Doppler imaging. Thermology International 2005; Volum 15 (2). ISSN 1560-604X.s 74 - 75.
  • Mercer, James; De Weerd, Louis; Elvenes, Odd Petter; Setså, Line Bøe. Infrared thermal imaging and autologus breast reconstruction surgery. UK Symposium on Medical InfraredThermography 2004-11-03 - 2004.
  • Mercer, James; De Weerd, Louis; Elvenes, Odd Petter. The effect of wIRA irradiation of the abdominal wall on skin temperature and skin blood flow monitored respectively by infrared thermography and scanning laser Doppler flowmometry. Symposium on water filtered infrared irradiation in dermatology 2004-11-20 - 2004.
  • De Weerd, Louis; Elvenes, Odd Petter; Mercer, James. Har intermitterende isometriske muskelkontraksjoner effekt på hudens blodgjennomstrømning?. Høstmøte - Norsk forum for plastikkirurgi 2004-10-21 - 2004.
  • Myrmel, Truls; De Weerd, Louis; Mercer, James. Reversert suralislapp i behandling av kroniske hælsår med blottlagt akillessene og ben. Høstmøte - Norsk forum for plastikkirurgi 2004-10-21 - 2004.
  • Mercer, James. .. 2004.
  • Mercer, James. Infrared Thermography and Skin Circulation. 2004.
  • Eng, Helene; Mercer, James. Epidemiological and climatic aspects of excess winter mortality caused by cardiovascular diseases in Ireland and Norway. The Tromsø seminar in medicine 1999, Old & Cold 1999-09-16 - 1999-09-19 1999.
  • Eng, Helene; Mercer, James. The relationship between cardiovascular mortality and air temperature in Norway & Ireland. 1998 International symposium on human biometeorology 1998-08-31 - 1998-09-02 1998.
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    Research interests

    General Interests: General and comparative aspects of thermal physiology in man and animals, including birds with main emphasis on cold temperature physiology. Cardiovascular disease, cold climate and winter mortality. Natural age related and pathophysiological aspects of peripheral circulation, medical Thermography in clinical and experimental research (main focus at present).

    Key words: Integrative physiology, thermal physiology, regulation of body temperature, cold tolerance, shivering, peripheral circulation, thermal responsiveness, epidemiology of cardiovascular disease and its connection to climate, indoor climate & housing, cold exposure, peripheral vascular disease, medical thermography

    Medical Thermography

    Since the start of 2001 I have been leading a small research group in the field of Medical Thermography (infrared thermal imaging).  At the Department of Radiology, University Hospital North Norway (UNN), we have a dedicated medicalthermography. We have collaborative projects with several different departments at UNN. This laboratory is the first of its kind in Norway. The Department of Radiology UNN has financed the expertise we needed to couple the infrared camera software system to the hospitals image and retrival (IMPAX) system. The system also allows medical personnel the possibility of ordering a thermographic examination for patients electronically, just as they can order an x-ray, CT, MRI etc. Processed images are then stored on the IMPAX system. Our laboratory at UNN is the most sophisticated of its kind in Scandinavia for thermographic examinations.