Norwegian Centre for the Law of the Sea alexander.lott@uit.no +4777645657 Tromsø TEO-H4 4.333B

Alexander Lott

Postdoctoral Fellow

Job description

I am currently working on my research project «Law of the Sea and Hybrid Warfare (LOSFARE)» at the Norwegian Center for the Law of the Sea; University of Tromsø. LOSFARE focuses on the practice of states imposing navigational restrictions on foreign ships and aircraft in densely navigated maritime regions (particularly straits) in the context of hybrid warfare and hybrid conflict. The objective of LOSFARE is to analyze the legitimacy of naval hybrid warfare by identifying the limitations under the law of the sea to the jurisdiction of states in imposing their political influence on other states. For this, LOSFARE scrutinizes state practice and examines whether it has affected the state of the law.

  • Lott, Alexander; Kawagishi, Shin. The Legal Regime of the Strait of Hormuz and Attacks Against Oil Tankers: Law of the Sea and Law on the Use of Force Perspectives. Ocean Development and International Law 2022; Volum 53 (2/3). ISSN 0090-8320.s doi: 10.1080/00908320.2022.2096158.
  • Lott, Alexander. The Legal Regime of the Strait of Hormuz and Attacks against Oil Tankers: Law of the Sea and Law on the Use of Force Perspectives. Ocean Development and International Law 2022. ISSN 0090-8320.s doi: 10.1080/00908320.2022.2096158.
  • Lott, Alexander. Barriers to wildlife movement in straits: Problematizing habitat connectivity across marine ecosystems. Marine Policy 2022. ISSN 0308-597X.s doi: 10.1016/j.marpol.2022.105107.
  • Lott, Alexander. Guidelines for Grey Zone Naval Incidents: Distinguishing between the Rules of Armed Conflict and Law Enforcement. NCLOS Blog 2022.
  • Johansen, Elise; Dahl, Irene Vanja; Lott, Alexander; Nickels, Philipp Peter; Andreassen, Ingrid Solstad. A Marine-Biology-Centric Definition of Ocean Connectivity and the Law of the Sea. Arctic Review on Law and Politics 2021; Volum 12. ISSN 1891-6252.s 190 - 206.s doi: 10.23865/ARCTIC.V12.3292.
  • Lott, Alexander. The MS Estonia Shipwreck Revisited: New Developments in the Protection of Underwater Cultural Heritage in the Northern Baltic Sea. Nordic Journal of International Law 2021; Volum 90 (3). ISSN 0902-7351.s 343 - 372.s doi: 10.1163/15718107-bja10030.
  • Lott, Alexander. The (In)applicability of the Right of Innocent Passage in the Gulf of Finland – Russia’s Return to a Mare Clausum?. The International Journal of Marine and Coastal Law 2021; Volum 36 (2). ISSN 0927-3522.s 241 - 262.s doi: 10.1163/15718085-bja10047.
  • Lott, Alexander. The Passage Regimes of the Kerch Strait—To Each Their Own?. Ocean Development and International Law 2021; Volum 52 (1). ISSN 0090-8320.s 64 - 92.s doi: 10.1080/00908320.2020.1869445.
  • Lott, Alexander. What Does Hybrid Warfare Mean for Maritime Security?. (fulltekst) The National Interest 2020. ISSN 0884-9382.
  • Lott, Alexander. The Abkhazian Conflict: A Study on Self-determination and International Intervention. Juridica International 2020; Volum 29. ISSN 1406-1082.s 133 - 141.s doi: 10.12697/JI.2020.29.12.
  • Lott, Alexander. Reflections on the Kerch Strait Incident Award from the Military Activities Exception Perspective. (data) (fulltekst) 2022.
  • Lott, Alexander. Mees, kes avastas uue väina Soome lahes. Radio interview (hour-long) in the popular science lecture series "Kukkuv Õun" 2022-07-13 - 2022-07-13 2022.
  • Lott, Alexander. The Russian-Ukrainian War from the Perspective of the Law of the Sea. Völkerrechtliche Tagesthemen 2022-07-06 - 2022-07-06 2022.
  • Lott, Alexander. Blokaad, väinad ja rünnakud neutraalsete kaubalaevade vastu Ukraina merealas. Academic lecture 2022-06-14 - 2022-06-14 2022.
  • Lott, Alexander. Alexander Lott: merepiiri muutmine tooks soovitule vastupidise tulemuse. Postimees 2022. ISSN 1406-0981.
  • Lott, Alexander. International Straits. Workshop "Naval Warfare and the Law of the Sea" 2022-05-05 - 2022-05-05 2022.
  • Lott, Alexander. In-person interview with Alexander Lott. Radio show Kohvilaud (Coffee Table) 2022-05-17 - 2022-05-17 2022.
  • Lott, Alexander. Presentation on my research on the law of the sea and hybrid warfare. Ceremony organized for the recipient of the president's Young Researcher Award 2022-05-12 - 2022-05-12 2022.
  • Lott, Alexander. Vene agressioon ja mere(sõja)õigus (The Russian Aggression and the Law of the Sea/Naval Warfare). ERR (Estonian Public Broadcasting) 2022.
  • Lott, Alexander. Sõda ja õigus: jõukasutusest merel Ukraina sõja ja hübriidkonfliktide taustal. Public lecture series "Science Days" 2022-04-02 - 2022-04-03 2022.
  • Lott, Alexander. SEA CONTROL 331 – RUSSIA’S NAVAL BLOCKADE WITH DR. ALEXANDER LOTT. Center for International Maritime Security podcast "Sea Control" (fulltekst) 2022-03-27 - 2022-03-27 2022.
  • Lott, Alexander. Russia’s Blockade in the Sea of Azov: A Call for Relief Shipments for Mariupol. (fulltekst) EJIL:Talk! 2022.
  • Lott, Alexander. Sovereignty as a Barrier to Wildlife Movement in Straits. Conference "The limits and possibilities of sovereignty, as both the organizing logic and the central legal principle underpinning Law of the Sea and Ocean Governance (LOSOG)" 2021-11-26 - 2021-11-26 2021.
  • Lott, Alexander. A Marine-Biology-Centred Approach to the Legal Regime of Straits. International Symposium Détroits/Straits 2021-11-24 - 2021-11-24 2021.
  • Lott, Alexander. Hiina püüab end lähivetel kehtestada Taiwani survestamisega. Postimees 2021. ISSN 1406-0981.
  • Lott, Alexander. The Kerch Strait Incident through the Prism of Law Enforcement and an Armed Attack. Briefing ‘The threat to freedom of navigation in the Azov and Black Seas: the international legal dimension’ 2021-09-30 - 2021-09-30 2021.
  • Lott, Alexander. Hybrid Threats and the Law of the Sea. Martens Summer School on International Law 2021-07-27 - 2021-07-27 2021.
  • Lott, Alexander. Maritime Security Threats and the Passage Regime in the Bab el-Mandeb. The JCLOS Blog 2021.
  • Lott, Alexander. Kolm väravat määravad merevedude kiiruse (Three Gates that Determine the Stability of Maritime Trade). Postimees 2021. ISSN 1406-0981.s 14 - 15.
  • Johansen, Elise; Poto, Margherita Paola; Parlov, Iva; Andreassen, Ingrid Solstad; Lott, Alexander; Solski, Jan Jakub; Enyew, Endalew Lijalem; Gjerde, Kristina; Harden-Davies, Harriet; Santosuosso, Amedeo. Ocean Connectivity and Law. International Webinar 2021-02-02 - 2021-02-02 2021.
  • Lott, Alexander. Kas Eestil on õigus Estoniale sukelduda? (Is Estonia allowed to dive to the MS Estonia wreck?). Postimees 2020. ISSN 1406-0981.
  • Lott, Alexander. Implications of Hybrid Warfare for the Order of the Oceans. Centre for International Maritime Security 2020.
  • Lott, Alexander. Läänemeri ja Must meri: mare clausum või mare liberum?. Postimees 2020. ISSN 1406-0981.s 14 - 15.
  • Look at all works in CRIStin →

    Publications outside Cristin

    For a full list of publications, see the research profile here

    Research interests

    My research interests cross traditional boundaries between the law of the sea, navigational regimes, administrative law, environmental law, human rights and international security law. Although I have an administrative law background from the Estonian judiciary and I have been mostly lecturing on various courses of administrative law in the bachelor's, master's and doctoral programs at the University of Tartu, the law of the sea has been my main area of research.

    My book publications include "The Estonian Straits: Exceptions to the Strait Regime of Innocent or Transit Passage" (Leiden, Boston 2018, 309 pp) which was published in the series "International straits of the world" by Brill. I have published on law of the sea in Estonian and international law journals, including the Journal of Marine and Coastal Law, Ocean Development &International Law, Utrecht Journal of International and European Law, Nordic Journal of International Law, Nordic Environmental Law Journal, and the French review Stratégique. I have been invited to serve as an expert in two projects for the codification of the Estonian laws on the law of the sea and national defense.


    I have been teaching international law of the sea to primarily international students at the University of Tartu (Estonia) from 2017. I have also been responsible for various bachelor's, master's and doctoral courses of administrative law and academic writing at the University of Tartu. I am supervising and censoring dissertations both in master's and doctoral programs at the University of Tromsø and University of Tartu.

    TEO-H4 4.333B

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