The Phronesis-project aims at developing and offering interdisciplinary contributions to the medical education at UiT The Arctic university of Norway. The members comes from philosophy, literature, pedagogy, thelogy and medicine. Central to the project is a longitudinal qualitative study in medical education from 2012 until 2018 at the University of Tromsø – the Arctic University of Norway by professor Sylvi Hovdenak from the University of Oslo. A recent publication (October 2019) based on the findings from the study is "The Practically Wise Medical Teacher: Medical Education at the University of Tromsø – A Norwegian Case".
Doctoral Research Fellow, Lise-Mari Lauritzen (2017-2021)
How can fiction contribute to actualise mental health and life mastery in high school teaching? In 2016, the Norwegian government announced that “folkehelse og livsmestring” (public health and life mastery) would be an overarching topic in all the subjects in high schools. My article based dissertation focuses on how we can use fiction in the Norwegian subject in high school to teach the student about mental health and life mastery. The first article is about how fiction can affect the students danning, a term that can be connected to the German Bildung and Greek paideia. The article examines how fiction can stimulate both the individual and social process of becoming reasonable, reflective and independent human beings. The second article illustrates the theory of narrative empathy through the Norwegian contemporary novel Begynnelser/Beginnings (2017) by Carl Frode Tiller. The aim is to combine methods and insights from literary studies and narrative medicine, in order to investigate how narrative empathy can emphasise mental health and life mastery in the Norwegian subject in high school. Beginnings is closely linked to the concept of life mastery, and it can be defined as a Bildungsroman. By close reading the novel in a sociocultural context, the high school students can learn to pay attention to details in the text and to see intratextual and intertextual connections, something that again can contribute to the development of empathy. The last article is an interview study of Norwegian teachers’ experiences, attitudes and understanding of teaching mental health and life mastery. Are mental health and life mastery new topics in the Norwegian subject, are the teachers prepared to work with these topics and is the Norwegian subject the suitable place to address these issues? There will be a special focus on fiction, and the interviews will also emphasise how the teachers believe the use of fiction to be a good way to teach and learn about the topics.
Doctoral Research Fellow, Ingri Løkholm Ramberg (2018-2022)
My Ph.D. project is a comparative analysis of the Norwegian authors Amalie Skram and Knut Hamsun’s autobiographical patient narratives. The texts in question are Skram’s novels from 1985, Professor Hieronimus and På Sct. Jørgen, and Hamsun’s memoir På gjengrodde stier from 1949. During the last decades in Scandinavian literature, two currents have provided us with fresh perspectives with which to examine these texts: The emergence of so-called autofiction and the rise of the interdisciplinary field of literature and medicine. These tendencies allow us to re-read these canonized texts as patient narratives, and it is this I will examine in my dissertation.
Doctoral Research Fellow, Dragana Lukic (2016-2020)
The aim of the project is to explore creative potentials of fine arts for opening up of different understandings of dementia. First, the author analyzes popular fictional films on dementia from the perspective of feminist materialist theories and feminist visual studies of technoscience. Second, the author organizes art activities in a form of situated arts interventions in a nursing-home in Northern Norway. By combining these diffractive approaches for studying dementia, the project aims to produce different situated knowledges on the disease and to encourage different forms of collective agency to emerge.
Doctoral Research Fellow, Paula Ryggvik Mikalsen (2017-2021)
My dissertation is a narratological, comparative analysis of the depiction and use of madness and illness in contemporary Nordic fiction, based on the conventions and portrayals of illness from Gothic narratives. Gothic novels and sensational fiction are fraught with nervous dispositions, tuberculous coughs, and degenerative attic-dwellers. My hypothesis is that the way in which these characters were viewed in their time, influence the way we view illness today, as something Other, as something to fear. The staples of the Gothic narrative - uncanny events, terror and horror, the resurrected past, the uncertainties of the future – are easily applicable to illness stories. I will analyze Ragnar Hovland’s “Ei Vinterreise” and Mare Kandre’s “Aliide, Aliide”, and one to-be-determined novel through the Gothic lens to examine why many illness narratives carry Gothic emblems and how it affects the narrative.
Assc. Professor Linda H. Nesby
My research focuses on the field of literature and medicine, particularly pathographiesof contemporary age and from within the Scandinavian countries. I am particularly interested in questions of genre, function and narrative structures and have done research on illness stories and blogs, especially among children and young adults. I have studied contemporary cancer-stories from this point of view, but have also worked on older literature (Wergeland and Hamsun). I am also part of the Phronesis-project which aims at developing perspectives grounded in the humanties into the medical education at UiT. In September 2019 I signed an agreement with Universitetsforlaget on a bookproject on Scandinavian pathographies.
Senior Lecturer, Dr. May-Lill Johansen
I am a medical doctor specialized in general practice (GP), leading the Teaching Unit for Primary Care at UiT. In my Primary Care Research Group, I am currently interviewing patients with chronic pain and fatigue about their experiences. In HAS, my second research group, I can combine my interest in literature with learning from lived experiences written by patients and carers themselves. Of special interest to me are illness stories written by doctors. A recent example is “When Breath becomes Air” by Paul Kalanithi, which Linda Nesby and I have analyzed in the light of Rita Felski.
Assc. Professor Henrik Johnsson
My research focuses on ”occult modernism”, a concept explored in the anthology The Occult in Modernist Art, Literature, and Cinema (Palgrave Macmillan, 2018), co-edited with T.M. Bauduin. Occult modernism designates the intersection of occultism and modernism in the arts. My previous monograph, Det oändliga sammanhanget. August Strindbergs ockulta vetenskap (Malört förlag, 2015), investigated how Strindberg’s occultism contributed to his development of an early modernist aesthetic. I am currently writing a monograph, broader in scope, in which I examine the impact of occultism on the literature of the Modern Breakthrough. A distinctly HAS-related aspect of my research concerns the relationship between madness (literal or figurative), occultism and modernism. I am particularly interested in authors who filtered occultist discourse through the “lens” of madness, making use of unusual psychological states as tools whereby occult beliefs could be understood and expressed in literary form.
Professor Laura Castor
My research focuses on the role of literary discourses in renegotiating trauma, especially in fiction, poetry, and autobiographical writing of the English-speaking world in the 20th and 21st centuries. In my recently completed book manuscript on Facing Trauma: Literary Stories of Survival and Possibility in Uncertain Times (forthcoming in 2019, Cambridge Scholars Publishing) I develop literary analyses of texts by Louise Erdrich, Siri Hustvedt, Melanie Thernstrom, Nicole Krauss, Joy Harjo, Linda Hogan, Jhumpa Lahiri, and Toni Morrison. In the book I explore ways in which singular traumas are part of larger stories. It is possible to tell a variety of stories about traumatic experience, not only stories that perpetuate the dualistic discourses of victims and perpetrators that sustain cycles of violence and harm globally. In my continuing research, I am interested in the role of reader empathy and narrator agency; therapeutic possibilities and limitations in writing and reading; ways in which embodied oral dialogues of health and illness translate to written texts and music intended for wider audiences; and in the cultural, psychological, political, and historical contexts that shape contemporary narratives of illness and health.
Professor Ann Therese Lotherington
The purpose of this project is to demonstrate how a creative writing process might bring about spirit in life and contribute to shaping and changing lives of people with dementia. The project analyses a diary written by an 85 years old man with dementia during his last two years of life, discusses what made the writing process possible, and what the writing process did to him and his environment.
Marie Theres Federhofer og Ingeborg Høvik
The project aims at studying the concept of "outsider-art" by an analysis of the North-Norwegian artist Herleik Kristiansen (born 1947).
Federhofer and Høvik writes: Vårt prosjekt utfordrer anvendeligheten av konseptet «Outsider Art» gjennom en analyse av Herleik Kristiansens (f. 1947) kunstneriske prosesser. Kristiansen er psykisk utviklingshemmet, og i perioden 1963-93 var han beboer ved institusjonen Trastad Gård. Prosessene som diskuteres er først prosess i betydningen kunstnerens utvikling, der vekten legges på Sigvor Riksheims innsats i å fremme Kristiansens talent. Riksheim var Kristiansens formingslærer på Trastad Gård. Gjennom sin nyskapende undervisningspraksis som vektla individuell utvikling og sosial integrering var hun helt utslagsgivende for hans kunstneriske utvikling. På mange måter kan Riksheim kalles for en pioner på det spesialpedagogiske feltet på 1950- og 1960-tallet. Vi skal på grunnlag av hittil lite utforsket arkivmateriale utdype hennes pedagogiske syn samt kontekstualisere det i forhold til den reformpedagogiske diskusjonen i Norge. Deretter diskuterer vi prosess som kunstnerens særegne måte å skape kunst på, og til sist, prosess som transformasjon av natur til kultur i Kristiansens bilder, der vi foreslår en fenomenologisk lesning av Kristiansens linoleumstrykk, Fugler i snøstorm.