ARC

Arctic Centre for Sustainable Energy

Photo credit: Jarmo Piironen (Most Photos)

In 2017 UiT established the Arctic Centre for Sustainable Energy (ARC). ARC is an interdisciplinary centre focusing on Arctic challenges and conditions within renewable energy and greenhouse gas management. The centre combines expertise in physics, humanities, chemistry, social sciences, applied mathematics, marine biology, computer science, and electrical engineering.

The center’s main objectives are:

Please send us an email if you want to subscribe to ARC's informal, bi-weekly newsletter Short news. 

ORGANIZATIONAL STRUCTURE

The Board is ARC's main decision-making body. The Board consists of representatives (deans, department heads or senior scientific staff) from the four active faculties, as well as a representative from the rector team at UiT.

The day-to-day management is done by the ARC leader, who has the overall responsibility and management function for the academic and administrative activities of the centre. The ARC leader is supported by the ARC project coordinator. 

The Management Team consists of seven Research coordinators and their deputies. They are responsible for the coordination of the activities and projects that fall within ARC's seven research areas.

Administration


Research coordinators - ARC research areas


The ARC Board


Latest news | 30 November 2022
ARC representatives at COP27 in Sharm el-Sheik 

COP27 in Sharm el-Sheik Photo: Ove Aigner Haukenes

Earlier this month, Assoc. Professor Øyvind Stokke and master student Ove Aigner Haukenes travelled to Egypt to partake in the second week of the Climate Change Conference COP27, which was held in the busy city of Sharm el-Sheik from 6-8 November. 

They went on behalf of the Sustainability think tank at UiT to explore how the concept of sustainability was understood and deployed at the convention.

"A key goal of ours was to bring forward critical aspects that we as philosophers believe to be essential to succeed with transformational change towards a sustainable world - in practice, not only in theory", says Ove.

One of these aspects is asking the right questions: "We wanted to foster a productive discussion by asking the questions that are often evaded. What solutions do we actually have? How are we progressing? And what can we realistically hope for?" says Øyvind. 

The two academics are currently in the last stage of completing a feasibility study for assessing the sustainability of technologies, called “The ARC Methodology”. This theoretical framework was used as a backdrop for interpreting what they saw at the convention.  

An example of this were the presentations of the latest green tech advancements, which took up a large part of COP27. Carbon capture and storage (CCS) received particular attention since extracting C02 from the atmosphere is now necessary to stay under the 2-degree warming target. 


Climate fair at COP27 Photo: Ove Aigner Haukenes

While Ove and Øyvind found it interesting to see the newest technologies, they did notice that the talks did not provide the complete picture.

Genuine debates about massively scaling down energy and resource consumption – not just making consumption "greener" – were largely lacking. And one may wonder if successful removal of CO2-emissions from fossil fuel usage will reduce our incentive to leave the remaining oil in the ground. There were some talk about nature-based solutions, but the covnention's main theme centered around removing CO2 from the atmosphere at a questionable speed.

Ideally, solutions to the climate crisis should consider the biodiversity crisis as well, since many environmental organisations consider this to be an even bigger threat than global warming. There is no single solution that can fix everything, but a first and necessary step is to see these crises as something that needs to be tackled together.    


Panel debate at COP27 Photo: Ove Aigner Haukenes

Whilst in Egypt, Ove and Øyvind tried to bring forward the abovementioned arguments when interacting with panelists. The duo brought up the more holistic CCU-solutions used in the ARC algae project in Finnfjord as one such example during a panel discussion in the Bellona pavilion. At the Nordic pavilion, the philosophers asked if it is safe to assume that new centralized mega-projects will be able to counter the negative effects of older mega-projects, or whether the problem perhaps lies with mega-projects themselves. Both the audience and the panelists were engaged by the question and considered it a major concern that needed further debate.


Climate activists outside the COP27 venue Photo: Ove Aigner Haukenes

Some of these interactions have been recorded and will soon be available as podcasts on UiT’s website. Here it will also be possible to hear some philosophical takes on COP27 and the green transitions, as well as interviews with panelists and climate change activists.  

News archive






Upcoming events


No events are scheduled at the moment
Past events

23.11.2022 - Fyrtårn Project SusSTEMED

18.11.2022 - ARC Digitalization seminar

12.10.2022 - ARC mini symposium 

15.06.2022 - ARC seminar Toril Ringholm 

07.06.2022 - ARC seminar - Chiara Bordin

18.05.2022 - ARC seminar - Katja Karppinen 

09.05.2022 - ARC seminar - Clara Good 

07.04.2022 - ARC seminar - Hoai Phuong Ha 

31.03.2022 - ARC seminar - Berit Kristoffersen 

29.03.2022 - ARC seminar - Filippo Bianchi 

24.03.2022 - ARC seminar - Hans C. Bernstein 

18.02.2022 - Presentation: The ARC Methodology 

15.02.2022 - ARC seminar - Jennifer Claire Hayward 

10.02.2022 - ARC seminar - Matteo Chiesa 

RESEARCH AREAS

Digitalization  

Research coordinator: Hoai Phuong Ha
Deputy: Filippo Maria Bianchi
ARC-researchers in the Digitalization area work on finding solutions to some of the challenges that the development of renewable energy systems bring about, while at the same time making use of the opportunities that technology shifts present.

For instance, renewable energy systems typically produce varying loads, which in turn complicates voltage stability and the capacity of the electrical distribution grid. On the other hand, new inventions such as smart metering and digital algorithms can be used to optimize electricity usage and open new energy markets. Digital technologies are key to both.

Digitalization also contributes to climate neutrality goals via advanced climate and environmental observation. These observations are needed to understand and predict the flux of greenhouse gases and air pollutants. However, according to the European Green Deal challenges, in-situ measurements for hotspots with strong emissions of greenhouse gases and air pollutants are still lacking. ARC-researchers respond directly to this by studying and developing energy-efficient autonomous in-situ measurement technologies.

Other members
Chiara Bordin

Qixia Zhang 
Michele Guerrera 
Jonas Berg Hansen
Silvia Anna Cordieri
Torgeir Sulheim 

Key publications 
See overview of Hoai Phuong Ha published articles here
See overview of Filippo Maria Bianchi published articles here 

Ongoing projects and activities 

International:  

National:  

  • eX3 - Experimental Infrastructure for Exploration of Exascale Computing, RCN Research Infrastructure, 2017 - 2022   
  • Distributed Arctic Observatory (DAO): A Cyber-Physical System for Ubiquitous Data and Services Covering the Arctic Tundra, RCN IKTPLUSS initiative, 2017 -  2022 

eSystems 

Research coordinator: Bjarte Hoff
Deputy:
In the research area of eSystems, ARC scientists are working on the future electric energy systems and conversion technology. Electrification of our society creates new types of energy systems that come with new challenges.

In electric transport, the introduction of components like batteries, hydrogen fuel cells, and electric motors changes the on-board energy system in electric vehicles, ships, and aircrafts. In the electricity grid, the introduction of distributed and intermittent renewable energy changes our grid with local production and power electronic converters. These alter the grid's behaviour and challenge its stability and protection schemes. Power electronic converters are a key enabler for electrification and control of electric power, hence an important research activity within eSystems. 

eSystems contribute to climate neutrality goals through electrification and preparing energy systems for an increased amount of renewable energy and sustainable energy carriers like hydrogen. With electric energy from renewable sources, fossil fuel can be replaced by more sustainable solutions.  

Other members
Nasrin Kianpoor 
 
Umer Sohail
Hussein Al-Sallami
Martin Haug
Koen van Greevenbroek

Key publications

See overview of Bjarte Hoff's published articles here.

Ongoing projects and activities

International

National: 

Carbon capture and biomass utilization

Research coordinator: Hans C. Bernstein  
Deputy: Katja Karppinen  
Science and technology that address the climate crisis are now a priority for all, but Arctic societies are unique stakeholders because we are experiencing the most rapid changes on the planet. Atmospheric carbon dioxide levels are at a historic high, recently surpassing 400 ppm for the first time in human history.

We are also contending with historic atmospheric methane gas concentrations, which has 84-times greater heat trapping effects than carbon dioxide. The people of the Arctic  – together with the world  – have reached the understanding that emission reductions are necessary for sustainability but we must also invest in new technologies for carbon capture, sequestration and utilization. Biological organisms, such as plants, algae and bacteria, can capture carbon and integrate into their metabolites and biomass. In plants, the molecules are mostly integrated as sugar molecules into cell wall components, such as cellulose. The annual production of cellulose through photosynthesis is estimated to be 15 x 1012 tons, forming a major sink and reservoir for carbon that can be utilized for sustainable bioenergy production.  

How will ARC provide solutions? We support research, education and industrial cooperation with the ultimate goal of controlling the accumulation of carbon from the atmosphere and aid its utilization for bioenergy solutions. We believe that fostering fundamental science and innovation together with raising public awareness will lead to measurable action. ARC’s mission is unique because of its focus on social and economic drivers in high latitude societies. 

Other members
Kirsten Krause
Grzegorz Konert
Sebastian Petters
Michael Dills
Hanna Schweitzer
Muhammad Furwan Ashraf 
Corine Faehn
Hilary Edema
Nerea Aalto

Key publications 
See overview of Hans C. Bernstein's published articles here
See overview of Katja Karppinen's published articles here

Projects and activities 

  • Arctic Algae Genomes: Gaining genomic insight into Arctic microalgae carbon capture technologies. This project shall resolve the unique genomes that underpin the successful carbon capture and utilization efforts being performed here in northern Norway. This strategic investment by ARC will provide a permanent resource that will enable future optimization of microalgae cultivation conditions to promote the production of marine biomass from industrial waste CO2. Fully annotated genome sequences of these industrially relevant arctic diatoms will enable ARC researchers to provide the next level of biological insight required to optimize the process and discover new biotechnological applications such as the synthesis of higher value bioproducts for food, feed and sustainable bioproducts. 

  • Plant biomass consortium: Although the major potential of lignocellulose biomass for bioenergy production, energy is not easily available due to the complex structure and wide range of chemical bonds and cross-linkages between molecules in plant cell wall. In the consortium we study possibilities in the cell wall degradation process using new biological sources of degradative enzymes. Team: Associate Professor Katja Karppinen, PhD student Hilary Edema, Post Doc Furqan Ashraf, and Post Doc Amos Samkumar.

  • ABSORB - Carbon Storage from Arctic Biomes: The aims for the project are to study biological processes unique to Arctic with dual focus to both marine microorganisms and terrestrial plant-root systems. We investigate mechanisms of carbon channeling into marine and terrestrial biomass and recalcitrant compounds and ultimately aim to establish new biotechnologies and innovations for carbon capture and utilization (food, feed, bioproducts). Click here to read more about ABSORB. 
  • Diatoms with Increased Carbon Capture Efficiency (DICCE). In the DICCE-project, researchers aim to innovate new carbon capture and utilization technology by domesticating Arctic diatom: prokaryote communities and stimulating genome-encoded properties that promote CO2 uptake and the bio-physical properties that promote carbon-trapping in microbial aggregates.

  • EcoTech4CCU workshop. EcoTech4CCU was a 3-day workshop generously sponsored by Mr. Fredrik Paulsen through The University of the Arctic (UArctic) and hosted by UiT – The Arctic University of Norway and The Arctic Centre for Sustainable Energy (ARC). The goals were to provide an inspirational educational experience for graduate students, present the state-of-the-science to the general public and identify consensus ideas as well as critical next steps for integrating fundamental science in ecology and biology with applied technology for biological carbon capture for sequestration and utilization. 

Advanced Materials

Research coordinator: Abhik Ghosh  
Deputy: Matteo Chiesa  
Material technology is one of the columns on which a new future is built. The properties of a new material can be the difference to make or break a new concept. In the world of renewable energy, material science has been one of the main reasons that solar cell technology has become so efficient and cheap at the same time. 

Other members
Hao Chen 
Tuza Olukan 
Simon Larsen 
Abraham Alemayehu 
Abdulrahman Saleh Qaid Alhagri
Karoline Ingebrigtsen 
Odin Foldvik Eikeland 
Krister Johanessen

Key publications 
See overview of Abhik Ghosh's published articles here 
See overview of Matteo Chiesa's published articles here

Ongoing projects and activities 

About the Research coordinator
Abhik Ghosh grew up in India and did his Ph.D. at the University of Minnesota under the tutelage of Paul G. Gassman, while also extensively collaborating with Jan Almlöf (formerly a professor at UiO and a professor II at UiT). After postdoctoral stints in bioinorganic chemistry with Larry Que and David Bocian, he took up a faculty position at UiT in 1996, where he has been full professor since 2000. He was a Senior Fellow of the San Diego Supercomputer Center (1997-2004) and on several occasions a Visiting Professor at the University of Auckland, New Zealand (2006-2015). Since 2021, he has led the UiT’s Center for Sustainable STEM Education.

Abhik has served on the editorial boards of the Journal of Biological Inorganic Chemistry, the Journal of Inorganic Biochemistry, and the Journal of Porphyrins and Phthalocyanines. He edited the popular science book Letters to a Young Chemist (Wiley, 2011) and coauthored the textbook Arrow Pushing in Inorganic Chemistry: A Logical Approach to the Chemistry of the Main Group Elements (Wiley, 2014); the latter won the 2015 PROSE Award for Best Textbook in the Mathematical and Physical Sciences. In 2022, he became a member of the European Academy of Sciences and also received the Hans Fischer Career Award for Lifetime Achievements in Porphyrin Chemistry. As a gay chemist, Abhik has been involved in a variety of projects aimed at diversifying chemistry.

Abhik’s research interests center broadly around soft materials based on porphyrin analogues and their applications to both medicine and renewable energy. Current projects in his laboratory focus on

(a) synthetic method development
(b) photodynamic therapy and cancer theranostics
(c) dye-sensitized solar cells
(d) fluorinated materials
(e) functionalization of low-dimensional, especially 2D, materials
and (f) high- and low-valent transition metal compounds and their applications to catalysis and renewable energy

Power Generation

Research coordinator: tba 
Deputy: tba 
The earth is a giant solar driven entity, where nearly all life and physical processes are run by solar power. ‘What?’ you say, “but wind, waves and hydropower are different sources of energy!”. They are different forms of energy, but their source is still the sun.

Different temperatures in different areas of the atmosphere leads to different pressures. The equalization of this pressure is what we experience as wind. And the sun is the source of these temperature differences. Hydropower is driven by rainfall, collected in vast reservoirs. The rainfall is a result of evaporated water, due to the sun heating oceans and moist land. Waves are actually a result of winds moving the sea, where the wind as mentioned is originating from sunshine.  

The only sources of power that are not solar are tidal forces, which in effect is ‘moon power’; the gravitational pull from the moon moves the oceans. And geothermal power, which is generated by the gravitational pressure of the earth, melting the innermost structures, and heating the earth from within.  

In total, the sun provides about 10 000 times the amount of energy that is used globally in a year. In other words: If we stored all the energy from one hour of incoming sunshine,  we would have enough power to run the world for one year! This says all there is about whether or not it is possible to establish a modern society based on renewable sources. It is a question of solving the practical issues. This section will be updated with the research ARC is doing to solve these issues for arctic regions.  

Other members
Cladua. S. W. Cheng 
Albara Mustafa

KEY PUBLICATIONS  

ONGOING PROJECTS OR ACTIVITIES 

Society and ethics

Research coordinator: Berit Kristoffersen  
Deupty: Jennifer Clare Heyward  
The transition from a global society dependent on oil towards a sustainable society based upon renewable energy is one of the biggest challenges of our time. Such a process brings up everything from ethical to societal questions that need to be considered, in order to build a solid foundation for the solutions that are being implemented.

 Philosophy and social sciences are important tools to be one step ahead of the development, and guide and coordinate technological and social evolution. They lay down the stepping stones that are needed to cross the boundaries between theory and practice when exploring new territories. And are key to achieve the social and international cooperation that is needed for success on a larger scale.  

Other members
Toril Merete Ringholm 
Hans Kristian Hernes
Øyvind Stokke 
Anna-Karin Margareta Andersson
Marie Koksvik Thorsen
Inger Helene Svartdal 
Erik W. Strømsheim
Magnus E. Eilertsen

Key publications 
See overview of Berit Kristoffersen's published articles here
See overview of Jennifer Clare Heyward's published articles here

Ongoing projects and activities

  

Transportation

Research coordinator: Clara Good
Deputy: Mohamad Mustafa 
We are all familiar with the electric car. But did you know that there is an electric fishing boat in Senja, and two electric airplanes in Bardu? ARC is testing and developing further possibilities within low carbon transport at these sites. We need to develop more then just ground based transport alternatives, to achieve a complete transition to an oil free society.

Sea- and air alternatives are as important in the bigger picture. The two first electric airplanes to be tested in an arctic environment were recently delivered to an airbase in Bardu, North Norway. They were baptised in the norwegian soda ‘Solo’, and taken for a first spin on the tarmac (video). But this project is not only about testing the capability of the airplanes. It is about testing the whole chain of components required to make them run on locally produced electricity. The hangar walls have been covered with solar panels and and the energy is stored on site, so that the planes can be charged without using power from the external grid. The project can be seen as a protoype of a renewable energy airport, that can be scaled up to commercial sizes, based on the information from this test.  

The same goes for the fishing boat, where the bottle neck is the need for highly efficient charging stations. A boat can carry a lot of batteries, in contrast to an airplane, and the challenge is to ensure that it charges fast enough to be used in a commercial fishing schedule. This requires rethinking the backbone of the electrical system, in our case for some traditional fishing townships at Senja.  

Other members
Bright Adu-Gyamfi

Key publications 
See overview of Clara Good's published articles here
See overview of Mohamad Mustafa's published articles here

Ongoing Projects or activities 

Our projects



Education

UiT offers courses and study programs within the topic of renewable energy through ARC. We are working for a “green transition” of UiT’s study portfolio where relevant. Below is an overview of some of the courses offered, sorted according to ARC's research areas.

Study: Digitalization and Energy Analytics  

Study programs 

Energi, klima og miljø, sivilingeniør – master, campus Tromsø  

Subjects 

INF-3210 Energy Informatics - Green Computing – 10 ECTS, Master level course 

INF-8210 Energy Informatics - Green Computing – 10 ECTS, PhD level course 

INF-3010 Energy Informatics – Smart Energy and Power Systems Modelling – 10 ECTS, Master level, campus Tromsø

INF-8010 Energy Informatics – Smart Energy and Power Systems Modelling – 10 ECTS, PhD level, campus Tromsø

INF-8010

Special curriculums on machine learning with a focus on energy analytics applications are available on demand. If interested, please contact Filippo M. Bianchi. 

Study: eSystems  

Study programs  

Electrical Engineering – master, campus Narvik  
Bærekraftig teknologi, ingeniør – bachelor, campus Tromsø  

Subjects 

ELE-3610 Power System Stability – 5 ECTS, campus Narvik

ELE-3604 Distributed Generation and Micro Grids: Concepts and Roles – 5 ECTS, campus Narvik 

STE6287: Operation and Control of Power Systems – 5 ECTS, campus Narvik

TEK-2007 Engineering design for sustainability in the Arctic  

SIK-2011 Miljøforurensing og konsekvensanalyser  

Study: Carbon Capture and Biomass Utilization 

Study programs  

Biologi – bachelor, campus Tromsø  
Bioteknologi – bachelor, campus Tromsø  
Biology – master, campus Tromsø  
Marine Biotechnology – master, campus Tromsø  

Subjects 

BIO-2009 Green Biotechnology and Bioenergy – 10 ECTS, campus Tromsø, Fall  

FYS-2018 Global climate change – 10 ECTS, campus Tromsø, Spring  

BIO-3615 Quantitative Microbial Biotechnology I -10 ECTS, capus Tromsø, Fall  

BIO-8606, Basic and applied microalgae II 10 ECTS, campus Tromsø, Fall  

 

Study: Power Generation

Study programs 

Energi, klima og miljø, sivilingeniør – master, campus Tromsø  

Subjects 

ITE1840 Energi og miljø – 10 stp, campus Narvik

FYS-2017 Sustainable energy – 10 ECTS, campus Tromsø

EOM-3010 Project Paper in Energy, Climate and Environment – 10 ECTS, campus Tromsø  

FYS-3028 Solar energy and energy storage – 10 ECTS, campus Tromsø

INF-3910-2 Computer Science Seminar: Green Computing – 10 ECTS, campus Tromsø  

EOM-3901 Master’s Thesis in Energy, Climate and Environment – 30 ECTS  

ELE-3601 Renewable Energy – Generation and Conversion – 5 ECTS, campus Narvik  

INF-3010 Energy Informatics –Smart Energy and Power Systems Modelling – 10 ECTS, campus Tromsø 

 

Study: Society and Ethics  

Study programs 

Filosofi – bachelor, campus Tromsø   
Filosofi – master, campus Tromsø 

Subjects 

FIL-1024 Miljøfilosofi – 10 ECTS, campus Tromsø

FIL-2037 Bioteknologi og etikk – 10 ECTS, campus Tromsø

FIL-2035 Naturfilosofi – 10 ECTS, campus Tromsø

FIL-2038 Global rettferdighet: migrasjon, klima og ulikhet – 10 ECTS, campus Tromsø  

FIL-2039 Mat- og klimafilosofi  – 10 ECTS, campus Tromsø 

STV-3002 Miljøpolitikk - 10 ECTS, campus Tromsø

SVF-3006 Energiomstilling: fra teori til praksis – 10 ECTS, campus Tromsø

 
The following Ph.d. projects and Master theses have been completed within ARC topics 

 

  • Completed Ph.d. dissertations 

Chen, Hao: “Data-driven Arctic wind energy analysis by statistical and machine learning approaches”, A dissertation for the degree of Philosophiae Doctor, UiT The Arctic University of Norway, Department of Technology and Science – October 2022

Aalto, Nerea Johanna: "Atmospheric CO2 drawdown, community dynamics and selection of surface microbiomes in marine cold-water ecosystems", A dissertation for the degree of Philosophiae Doctor, UiT The Arctic University of Norway, Department of Arctic and Marine Biology – October 2022

Jin, Jia Yi: "Study of Atmospheric Ice Accretion on Wind Turbine Blades", A dissertation for the degree of Philosophiae Doctor, UiT The Arctic University of Norway, Department of Physics and Technology – September 2021

Osvik, Renate Døving: "Bioprospecting of marine phytoplankton from large scale cultivation - Effect of culture conditions on bioactivity and biochemistry of the diatom Porosira glacialis", A dissertation for the degree of Philosophiae Doctor, UiT The Arctic University of Norway, Faculty of Biosciences, Fisheries and Economics – June 2021

Dalheim, Lars: "Porosira glacialis as a possible source of lipids for human consumption and aquaculture feed", A dissertation for the degree of Philosophiae Doctor, UiT The Arctic University of Norway, Faculty of Biosciences, Fisheries and Economics – May 2021

Svenning, Jon Brage: "Towards mass cultivation of diatoms as a source of marine lipids", A dissertation for the degree of Philosophiae Doctor, UiT The Arctic University of Norway, Faculty of Biosciences, Fisheries and Economics – December 2020

Obst, Marc F.: "Homogeneous Metal-Mediated Carboxylation with Carbon Dioxide", A dissertation for the degree of Philosophiae Doctor, UiT The Arctic University of Norway, Department of Physics and Technology – September 2020

Pavlovic, Ljiljana: "Towards Enantioselective Carboxylation and Hydrogenation Reactions (Quantum Chemical Modelling of Homogeneous Reactions)", A dissertation for the degree of Philosophiae Doctor, UiT The Arctic University of Norway, Department of Physics and Technology – August 2020 

Lai, Chia-Yun: “Quantitatively reinterpreting atomic force microscopy via the data science paradigm”,  A dissertation for the degree of Philosophiae Doctor, UiT The Arctic University of Norway, Department of Physics and Technology – November 2019 

Babar, Bilal: “Solar resource assessment at high latitude regions”, A dissertation for the degree of Philosophiae Doctor, UiT The Arctic University of Norway, Department of Physics and Technology – January 2019 

Tran, Vi Ngoc-Nha, “Modeling Energy Consumption of Computing Systems: from Homogeneous to Heterogeneous Systems”, A dissertation for the degree of Philosophiae Doctor, UiT The Arctic University of Norway,  Department of Computer Science – September 2018 

Nguyen, Van Nhan: ”Advancing Deep Learning for Automatic Autonomous Vision-based Power Line Inspection”, A dissertation for the degree of Philosophiae Doctor, UiT The Arctic University of Norway, Department of Physics and Technology – August 2019 

  • Completed Master theses 

Ørjavik, Ola Wang: "Wind energy and economic assessment of a wind farm at Senja", Master’s thesis in Energy, Climate and Environment, UiT The Arctic University of Norway, Department of Physics and Technology – June 2022

Bour, Carlotte: "Genome-wide identification and gene expression analysis of major pectinase enzymes from bilberry (Vaccinium myrtillus L.)", Master's thesis in Erasmus-Mundus Master's Programme in Plant Breeding, University of Helsinki, Department of Agricultural Science/UiT The Arctic University of Tromsø, Deparment of Arctic and Marine Biology – May 2022

Evensberget, Solveig: "Energy and security in transition", Master's thesis in Political Science, UiT The Arctic University of Norway, Department of Social Sciences – November 2021

Odongo, Christopher: "Feasibility Study of Hydrogen Production from Wind Energy in Narvik", Master's thesis in Industrial Engineering, UiT The Arctic University of Norway, Department of Industrial E