Bilde av Krause, Kirsten
Bilde av Krause, Kirsten
Department of Arctic and Marine Biology +4777646415 Tromsø Biologibygget 2.048

Kirsten Krause

Professor for Plant Molecular Biology

Job description

I want to understand how plants adapt to different environments and challenges. My previous work on cellular regulatory networks in the model plant spring meadowsweet has led me in recent years to explore the parasitic plant genus Cuscuta which feeds on the nutrients produced by other plants. The molecular mechanisms that the parasites use to adapt to the host and camouflage themselves so that the infection is not detected by the host plant may have biotechnological value and are therefore among the questions I hope to solve in my career.

In my further role as leader of the Graduate School "PHOTOSYNTECH" (2022-2030), a national educational platform for PhD students working within all fields of plant and algae sciences, I hope to be able to install my passion for research and innovation to early stage researchers.


Parasitic plants
Plastid genomes
Plant mucilages

  • Maleen Hartenstein, Markus Albert, Kirsten Krause :
    The plant vampire diaries: a historic perspective on Cuscuta
    Journal of Experimental Botany 2023 DOI
  • Zahra Zangishei, Maria Luz Annacondia, Heidrun Gundlach, Alena Didriksen, Julien Bruckmüller, Hooman Salari et al.:
    Parasitic plant small RNA analyses unveil parasite-specific signatures of microRNA retention, loss, and gain
    Plant Physiology 2022 ARKIV / DOI
  • Thomas Georges A Bawin, Julien Hollmann, Stian Olsen, Kirsten Krause :
    A host-free transcriptome for haustoriogenesis in Cuscuta campestris: Signature gene expression identifies markers of successive development stages
    Physiologia Plantarum : An International Journal for Plant Biology 2022 ARKIV / DOI
  • Benjamin M. Anderson, Kirsten Krause, Gitte Petersen :
    Mitochondrial genomes of two parasitic Cuscuta species lack clear evidence of horizontal gene transfer and retain unusually fragmented ccmFc genes
    BMC Genomics 2021 DOI
  • Hannah Schweitzer, Nerea Johanna Aalto, Wolfgang Busch, Dennis Tin Chat Chan, Matteo Chiesa, Edel O. Elvevoll et al.:
    Innovating carbon-capture biotechnologies through ecosystem-inspired solutions
    One Earth 2021 ARKIV / DOI
  • Karsten Fischer, Lena Anna-Maria Lachner, Stian Olsen, Maria Mulisch, Kirsten Krause :
    The enigma of interspecific plasmodesmata: insight from parasitic plants
    Frontiers in Plant Science 2021 ARKIV / DOI
  • Kirsten Krause, Stian Olsen :
    Screening for Cellulolytic Plant Enzymes Using Colorimetric and Fluorescence Methods
    Methods in molecular biology 2020 ARKIV / DOI
  • Marlene Teubner, Benjamin Lenzen, Lucas Bernal Espenberger, Janina Fuss, Jörg Nickelsen, Kirsten Krause et al.:
    The Chloroplast Ribonucleoprotein CP33B Quantitatively Binds the psbA mRNA
    Plants 2020 ARKIV / DOI
  • Volker Hegenauer, Peter Slaby, Max Körner, Julien Hollmann, Ronja Burggraf, Isabell Albert et al.:
    The tomato receptor CuRe1 senses a cell wall protein to identify Cuscuta as a pathogen
    Nature Communications 2020 DATA / FULLTEKST / OMTALE / ARKIV / DOI
  • Lena Anna-Maria Lachner, Levon Galstyan, Kirsten Krause :
    A highly efficient protocol for transforming Cuscuta reflexa based on artificially induced infection sites
    Plant Direct 2020 FULLTEKST / ARKIV / DOI
  • Rainer Schwacke, Gabriel Y. Ponce-Soto, Kirsten Krause, Anthony Bolger, Borjana Arsova, Asis Hallab et al.:
    MapMan4: a refined protein classification and annotation framework applicable to multi-omics data analysis.
    Molecular Plant 2019 ARKIV / DOI
  • Andrew Galloway, Paul Knox, Kirsten Krause :
    Sticky mucilages and exudates of plants – putative microenvironmental design elements with biotechnological value
    New Phytologist 2019 ARKIV / DOI
  • Stian Olsen, Kirsten Krause :
    A rapid preparation procedure for laser microdissection‑mediated harvest of plant tissues for gene expression analysis
    Plant Methods 2019 ARKIV / DOI
  • Frank Förste, Ioanna Mantouvalou, Birgit Kanngiesser, Hagen Stosnach, Lena Anna-Maria Lachner, Karsten Fischer et al.:
    Selective mineral transport barriers at Cuscuta-host infection sites
    Physiologia Plantarum : An International Journal for Plant Biology 2019 ARKIV / DOI
  • Alexander Vogel, Rainer Schwacke, Alisandra Denton, Björn Usadel, Julien Hollmann, Karsten Fischer et al.:
    Footprints of parasitism in the genome of the parasitic flowering plant Cuscuta campestris
    Nature Communications 2018 ARKIV / DOI
  • Kirsten Krause, Hanne Risan Johnsen, Anna Pielach, leidulf Lund, Karsten Fischer, Jocelyn KC Rose :
    Identification of tomato introgression lines with enhanced susceptibility or resistance to infection by parasitic giant dodder (Cuscuta reflexa)
    Physiologia Plantarum : An International Journal for Plant Biology 2018 DOI
  • German Martinez, Kirsten Krause :
    The parasitic plant haustorium: a trojan horse releasing microRNAs that take control of the defense responses of the host
    Non-coding RNA Investigation 2018 DOI
  • Karin Krupinska, Kirsten Krause :
    The transcriptionally active chromosomes (TAC) of plastids revisited
    Endocytobiosis and cell research 2017 FULLTEKST
  • Stian Olsen, Kirsten Krause :
    Activity of xyloglucan endotransglucosylases/hydrolases suggests a role during host invasion by the parasitic plant Cuscuta reflexa
  • Bernd Striberny, Anthony Melton, Rainer Schwacke, Kirsten Krause, Karsten Fischer, Leslie R. Goertzen et al.:
    Cytokinin Response Factor 5 has transcriptional activity governed by its C-terminal domain.
    Plant Signalling & Behavior 2017 DOI
  • Marlene Teubner, Janina Fuss, Kristina Kühn, Kirsten Krause, Christian Schmitz-Linneweber :
    The RRM protein CP33A is a global ligand of chloroplast mRNAs and is essential for plastid biogenesis and plant development
    The Plant Journal 2016 DOI
  • Stian Olsen, Zoe A. Popper, Kirsten Krause :
    Two sides of the same coin: xyloglucan endotransglucosylases/hydrolases in host infection by the parasitic plant Cuscuta
    Plant Signalling & Behavior 2016 DOI
  • Stian Olsen, Bernd Ketelsen Striberny, Julien Hollmann, Rainer Schwacke, Zoe A. Popper, Kirsten Krause :
    Getting ready for host invasion: Elevated expression and action of xyloglucan endotransglucosylases/hydrolases in developing haustoria of the holoparasitic angiosperm Cuscuta
    Journal of Experimental Botany 2016 ARKIV / DOI
  • Bernd Ketelsen Striberny, Kirsten Krause :
    Cell wall glycoproteins at interaction sites between parasitic giant dodder (Cuscuta reflexa) and its host Pelargonium zonale
    Plant Signalling & Behavior 2015 DOI
  • Kirsten Krause :
    Grand-scale theft: Kleptoplasty in parasitic plants?
    Trends in Plant Science 2015 DOI
  • Hanne Risan Johnsen, Bernd Ketelsen, Stian Olsen, Silvia Vidal-Melgosa, Jonatan U Fangel, William GT Willats et al.:
    Cell wall composition profiling of parasitic giant dodder (Cuscuta reflexa) and its hosts: a priori differences and induced changes
    New Phytologist 2015 DOI
  • Hanne Risan Johnsen, Kirsten Krause :
    Cellulase activity screening using pure carboxymethylcellulose: Application to soluble cellulolytic samples and to plant tissue prints
    International Journal of Molecular Sciences 2014 ARKIV / DOI
  • Kanika Jain, Kirsten Krause, Felix Grewe, Gaven F Nelson, Andreas PM Weber, Alan C Christensen et al.:
    Extreme Features of the Galdieria sulphuraria Organellar Genomes: A Consequence of Polyextremophily?
    Genome Biology and Evolution (GBE) 2014 ARKIV / DOI
  • Karin Krupinska, Joanna Melonek, Kirsten Krause :
    New insights into plastid nucleoid structure and functionality
    Planta 2013 DOI
  • Kirsten Krause, Lars Scharff :
    Reduced genomes from parasitic plant plastids: templates for minimal plastomes?
    Progress in Botany 2013 DOI
  • Liv-Irene Berglund, Kirsten Krause :
    Studentproduserte filmer i laboratorieundervisning
  • Kirsten Krause :
    Picky parasites? Nutrient selectivity and its molecular causes in the interaction between parasitic dodders and their hosts
  • Lena Anna-Maria Lachner, Kirsten Krause :
    Approaches for the transformation of a parasitic plant
  • Kirsten Krause :
    The problem of recalcitrant cellulosic biomass: How can (parasitic) plants contribute to finding solutions?
  • Katja Karppinen, Charlotte Bour, Muhammad Furqan Ashraf, Hilary Edema, Amos Samkumar Rajan Premkumar, Teemu H. Teeri et al.:
    Genome mining for plant cell wall degrading enzymes of plant origin
  • Kirsten Krause :
    Nutrient selectivity of parasitic dodders and its implication for transport pathways
  • Kirsten Krause, Sunniva Katharina Thode, Ulrike Naumann :
    Lovende samarbeid for mer matnyttig kunnskap i hele Norge
    Nordnorsk debatt - Nordlys 14. September 2022
  • Kirsten Krause :
    Hide and Seek: Interactions between parasitic Cuscuta and their hosts
  • Kirsten Krause :
    Something old, something new, something borrowed ... - plant genomes under the influence of a parasitic lifestyle
  • Kirsten Krause :
    Cuscuta campestris: A plant genome under the influence of a parasitic lifestyle
  • Benjamin Anderson, Kirsten Krause, Gitte Petersen :
    Lack of evidence for horizontally transferred genes in mitochondria of Cuscuta species
  • Kirsten Krause :
    Pflanze des Monats Juli 2019 im Botanischen Garten Kiel: Teufelszwirn (Cuscutae spec.)
  • Thorsten Hamann, Anna Karkonen, Kirsten Krause :
    From plant cell wall metabolism and plasticity to cell wall biotechnology
    Physiologia Plantarum : An International Journal for Plant Biology 2018 DOI
  • Anna Avetisyan, Anush Panosyan, Martina Paponov, Ivan Paponov, Inger Martinussen, Kirsten Krause et al.:
    Teaching plant biology brings together Norway and Armenia as platform for international collaboration
  • Kirsten Krause :
    Plant endosymbionts and parasites
  • leidulf Lund, Marie Cooper, Julien Hollmann, Kirsten Krause :
    Red light control of dodder infection
  • Kirsten Krause :
    Learning "plant language". From intracellular to inter-plant communication
  • Zoe A. Popper, Anna Pielach, Stian Olsen, Kirsten Krause :
    Wall stories: the role of plant cell walls in parasitic interactions.
  • Stian Olsen, Zoe A. Popper, Kirsten Krause :
    Xyloglucan-modifying enzymes of the parasitic plant Cuscuta: putative functions in host plant infection
  • Kirsten Krause :
    "Devils guts" or "Angel hair"? The genus Cuscuta and its many faces

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    Research interests

    Functional Plant Genomics (FunGen): Parasitic plants (Cuscuta)

    Parasitic plant/host plant interactions

    Parasitic plants live as parasites on and from other plants. This creates huge losses in agriculture when a field of crop plants is infected.Knowledge on the biology of these plants is therefore of high importance to combat them, but also to make use of their unusual traits.


    We have over the last years developed a set of tools for the parasitic plant genus Cuscuta spp. (dodder) that allow us to approach the molecular mechanisms underlying host plant/parasitic plant interactions. These include a sequenced genome (the first parasitic plant genome sequence), gene expression profiles for different species, different developmental stages and different growth conditions, proteomic data, sterile callus and shoot cultures, protocols for transient transfections of cells and an extensive microscpic image database including time lapse videos.

    Selected publications:

    - Zangishei Z. et al.: Plant Phys.,, 2022.

    - Bawin T.G.A. et al.: Physiol. Plant., DOI: 10.1111/ppl.13628, 2022.

    - Fischer K. et al.: Front. Plant Sci. 12, 641924, 2021.

    - Lachner LAM, Galstyan LB & Krause K: Plant Direct 4, e00254, 2020.

    - Förste  F. et al.: Physiol. Plant. 168, 934-947, 2020.

    - Olsen S & Krause K: Plant Meth. 15, 88, 2019.

    - Vogel A et al.: Nature Commun. 9, 2515, 2018.


    Cell wall degrading enzymes from parasitic plants

    Parasitic plants use hydrolytic enzymes to break down cell walls of their host plants but are able to protect their own cell walls from enzymatic attack. 

    We study the difference between cell wall composition in the parasite Cuscuta and its hosts and analyze the enzymes involved. This knowledge can help to develop novel, more specific enzyme cocktails for plant biomass hydrolysis. In addition, it helps us understand why some plants are not susceptible to the parasite.

    Selected publications:

    - Olsen S. et al.: Journal of Experimental Botany 67, 695-708, 2016.

    - Johnsen H.R., et al.: New Phytologist 207, 805-816, 2015.

    -Johnsen H.R. & Krause K: International Journal of Molecular Sciences 15, 2014.


    Functional Plant Genomics (FunGen): Arabidopsis thaliana

    Integration of plastids into the regulatory network of plant cells

    Dually targeted protein The genetic information in plant cells is distributed between three compartments (nucleus, plastids and mitochondria). To function properly, these genomes are need to communicate with each other to synchronize their expression.

    We are investigating how DNA binding proteins that are targeted within the cell with a special focus on proteins that have functions in the nucleus and in the chloroplasts. We are further interested how this  mutual communication between the plant genomes contributes to a fine-tuning and with it a harmonized expression of the genomes. 

    Selected publications:

    - Teubner, M. et al.: Plants 9, 367, 2020.

    - Teubner, M. et al.: Plant J. 89, 472-485, 2017.

    - Fuss, J. et al.: New Phytologist 200, 1022-1033, 2013.

    - Krause, K. & Krupinska, K.: Trends Plant Sci 14, 194-199, 2009.




    - Bio-2009 Green Biotechnology and Bioenergy

    - Bio-3118 Microscopical Imaging

    - Bio-3005/Bio8005 "MicroPlants" Seminar

    - Contributions to Bio-1008 Evolution and Fys-2017 Sustainable Energy.

    Member of research group


    1994 Diploma in Biology from the University of Hamburg, Germany.

    1995-2000 PhD studies at the Universities of Cologne and Kiel.

    2000-2002 Postdoc at the University of Arizona, USA, with a grant from the Geman Academic Exchange Organization (DAAD).

    2002-2006 Research Assisant at the University of Kiel, Germany. Venia legendi 2006.

    2006-2012 Researcher and YFF-Professor at the Department of Biology, University of Tromsø, Norway.

    Since 2012 Permanent position as Professor for Plant Molecular Biology at the Department for Arctic and Marine Biology, UiT - Campus Tromsø, Norway.

    2010 - 2018 Leader of the "Microorganisms and Plants Research Group" at the Department for Arctic and Marine Biology, UiT - Campus Tromsø, Norway.

    2016 - 2021 Holder of a ToppForsk Grant from Tromsø Research Foundation

    Since 2017 Member of the Arctic Centre for Sustainable Energy (ARC)

    2022 -        Leader of a National Graduate School, PhotosynTech

    2022 -        Faculty Board Member

    2022 -        Vice president in the Scandinavian Plant Physiology Society

    Biologibygget 2.048

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