In order to build stronger national and international networks for the PhD students and supervisors of the EPINOR research school we have made an (incomlete) list of research groups that fit the EPINOR scientific profile.
UiT — The Arctic University of Tromsø
- Biological Data Processing Systems Lab
- Experimental and Clinical Pharmacology
- Arctic Research Group
- Paediatric Research Group
- SAMINOR, Center for Sami Health Research
- System Epidemiology
- Psykisk E-helse
- Nevrofag for utvikling og atferd
- Helsetjenesteforskning (ny og norsk)
- Cronical Diseases Epidemiology
- Women's Health and Perinatology
- Occupational Health in the North
- Social epidemiology, work and health
- Airways, Skeleton and Nutrition
- Weight-gene , HUNT Research Center
- Epidemiology & Medical statistics
- Perinatal, Pediatric and Environmental Epidemiology
- Musculoskeletal Research Group
- Women's Health (new)
- Cardiac Exercise Research Group (CERG
The University of Oslo
- PharmacoEpidemiology and Drug Safety (Pharma-Safe)
- Epidemiological Studies of Lifestyle and Chronic Diseases
- International Health — Infectious Diseases Research Group
- International Health — Non-Communicable diseases research group
- International Health — Reproductive and Sexual Health Research Group
STORK Groruddalen (new)
- FORMI - OUS (new)
- Causal Inference Method (new)
- Type 2 Diabetes and Metabolism
- Norwegian Compulsion Project
The University of Bergen
- Registrybased studies of familial risk
- Genetic Epidemiology Research Group
- Lifestyle epidemiology
- K.G. Jebsen Centre for Research on Neuropsychiatric Disorders (new)
- Section of Preventive Cardiology, Haukeland
- National Institute of Occupational Health
- Section for Toxicology and Biological Work Environment
- Work psychology and physiology
- Occupational Medicine and Epidemiology
- Occupational Health Surveillance
- Work participation and work-related health: a life course perspective
- Workplace Stress among Nurses
- Shiftwork, sleep and pain
- Epidemiology of work-related skin diseases in Norway
Cancer Registry of Norway
- Cancer Registry of Norway, Institute of Population-based Cancer Research
- Research Group for Health Promotion in Settings
Norwegian Institute of Public Health
- The Noise and Health Research Group
Norwegian University of Life Sciences (NMBU)
- Section for Public Health Sciences (norwegian)
1. System Epidemiology
Group Leader: Professor Eiliv Lund UiT — The Arctic University of Tromsø The collection of data started in the Norwegian Women and Cancer (NOWAC) cohort study in 1991. After 15 years the cohort consist of questionnaire information from 170 000 women with repeated collection of information after 4–6 years (2 or 3 times) and a biobank with more than 60 000 blood samples.Ongoing collection of questionnaires and biological samples: Collection of biopsies from breast tissue malignant tumours normal tissue The NOWAC Epidemiology study group At present the researcher group in the NOWAC study consists of 3 professors, 4 associate professors and 6 postdocs. In addition, the group in Norway has several PhD students, and a technical staff.
2. SAMINOR, Center for Sami Health Research
Group Leader: Ann Ragnhild Broderstad The population-based surveys of health and living conditions in areas with both Sami and Norwegian populations (SAMINOR) were conducted in 2003–2004 (SAMINOR 1) and 2012–2014 (SAMINOR 2). The SAMINOR surveys are epidemiological projects of a cross-sectional and longitudinal nature. Biomarkers associated with cardiovascular disease (CVD) such as blood pressure, triglycerides, and total and high density lipoprotein cholesterol, have been integral in these surveys. The surveys were conducted in the rural and multi-ethnic population of Northern Norway and a particular emphasis was put on the Sami population. SAMINOR 2 data is ready for analysis by early spring 2015. By using data from SAMINOR 1 and 2 we propose to calculate and assess the total risk of CVD in the multi-ethnic population of Northern Norway; this is to be done by using conventional biological risk factors, NORRISK and other appropriate CVD risk models such as the Framingham risk score. Another aim is to explore if these risk assessments varies by socioeconomic status. We also suggest linking SAMINOR 1 data with endpoint data from the Cardiovascular Disease in Norway (CVDNOR) register and the Norwegian Causes of Death Register as to evaluated total risk for CVD and CVD death within a period of 5–6 years. By using data from SAMINOR 1 and 2 the proposed PhD project will provide information on both the prevalence and time trends in cardiovascular risk factors in the population. Through the analysis of both immediate and underlying causes, important drivers of population health and ill health in Northern Norway may be identified. This project thus incorporates two out of four EPINOR criteria (population-based study and lifestyle-related diseases). Additionally, as emphasised by EPINOR, the proposed project also includes the use of biomarkers and linkage to disease and death registries.
3. Airways, Skeleton and Nutrition
Group Leader: Professor Arnulf Langhammer Norwegian University of Science and Technology, NTNU The research group uses mainly data and biologic material from the Nord-Trøndelag Health Study for three different fields of research; a)respiratory symptoms and diseases as allergic rhinitis, asthma, chronic obstructive pulmonary disease and lung cancer, b) osteoporosis and fracture risk and c)the role of vitamin D for development of above mentioned diseases, obesity and other chronic diseases. The group includes researcher from more departments at the Faculty of Medicine as well as Department of Human Movement Science, NTNU.
4. Weight-gene , HUNT Research Center
Group Leader: Kirsti Kvaløy Norwegian University of Science and Technology, NTNU Obesity is an increasingly golbal problem. Despite recent reinforcement within this scientific field, there are still large knowledge gaps concerning important basic and complex cause-effect relationships. The major focus in our research group is to study obestiy, wheight problems and metabolic traits taking genetics, environment and gene-environment interactions into account. We study gentic effects at various ages (birth, adolescence, adulthood) using the HUNT cohort linked to Medical Birth Registry data. Additional, inheritance patterns both epidemiologically and by using genetic variants are investigated in HUNT families. The focus on identification of environmental as well as parents-of-origin effects will be important aspects of our project. The project will contribute to local and regional upgrading of skills regarding advances family-based genetic epidemioloy, as well as increasing the utilization of the valuable and unique family-based material in HUNT. At the moment the group consists of the following at HUNT: Kirsti Kvaløy (research scientis, group leader), Turid Lingaas Holmen (MD, prof), Marit Næss (PhD student) and Farzaneh S. Sardahaee (PhD student), Geret bratberg (ass.prof). At NTNU: Mette Langaas (assoc.prof), Kari Risnes (MD, Post-doc) and Trine Eik-Nes (PhD student). International partners: Heather Cordell (Newcastle University, UK), Andy DeWan (University of Yale, USA), Nadia Micali (UCL, UK), Elisabete W.Vainio and Trine Rounge (Folkhelsan, Finland)
5. Epidemiology & Medical statistics
Group Leader: Professor Lars Johan Vatten Norwegian University of Science and Technology, NTNU Lifecourse & intergenerational epidemiology, cancer epidemiology (focus on breast cancer), cardiovascular epidemiology, perinatal and reproductive epidemiology
6. Perinatal, Pediatric and Environmental Epidemiology
Group Leader: Professor Geir Wenberg Jacobsen Norwegian University of Science and Technology, NTNU a. SGA - Comprehensive data were collected in the late 1980s from a sample of pregnant women at three Scandinavian universities (Trondheim, Bergen and Uppsala). The main aim was to study how biological, behavioral and environmental factors influence feta! growth through the second half of pregnancy. Selected children were assessed through their first year of life and again at five years of age. Follow up included comprehensive assessments of physical, psychomotor and behavioral afflictions arnong children who were growth restricted (illGR) or were lighter than expected at birth (SGA). A subsample in Trondheim was assessed at school age (10 years), as adolescents (14 years) and again as young adults (19 years). A main focus is a 25 year follow up of mothers and offspring. b. PACT - In 2000 the Prevention of Allergy among Children in Trondheim (PACT) study was initiated as a cohort study in primary health. Prophylactic measures to induce behavioral changes in tobacco smoking, cad liver oil consumption, oily fish, and indoor dampness were developed in collaboration between general practitioners, midwives, public health visitors and parents. A control cohort was sel up to monitor changes and trends in lifestyle, diet habits, as well as in incidence of allergic diseases, and was "followed up as usual". Pregnant women were recruited consecutively until the last 2 year old was included and assessed. Information was collected in parental self-reported questionnaires until 2 years of age. End points regarding allergic disease as well as a health inventory were completed separately at 2 and 6 years of age. Recruitment to an intervention cohort started in 2002 among all participants included during pregnancy. The data provide cross sectional information that permits estimates for trends in exposure, behavior and disease. The most recent focus is on the faecal microbiota diversity in a large 16S rRNAgene data set from a subcohort of 86 healthy mothers and their children.
7. Epidemiological Studies of Lifestyle and Chronic Diseases
Group Leader: Professor Marit Veierød University of Oslo We mainly study: Lifestyle (ultraviolet exposure, diet, overweight/weight change) and risk/prognosis of chronic diseases Measurement errors, missing data and bias in exposure-disease associations in epidemiological studies. Optimal use of statistical methods in medical studies.
8. International Health — Infectious Diseases Research Group
Group Leader: Professor Gunnar Bjune University of Oslo The main research areas are in infectious diseases invcluding a) vaccinology and immunology, b) tuberculosis, c) HIV, d) Health Information Sustem research and e) co-infection of diabetes mellitus and infectious disease. The research group consists of researchers with different educational/work backgrounds and international experience from the field.
9. International Health — Non-Communicable diseases research group
Group Leader: Professor Akhtar Hussain University of Oslo The main areas are on non-communicable diseases with a focus on diabetes type II and lean diabetes. THe group har also projects within maternal health (gestational diabetes), diabetes and depression, and co-infection of diabetes and infectious diseases.
10. International Health — Reproductive and Sexual Health Research Group
Group Leader: Professor Johanne Sundby University of Oslo The mail areas are on reproductive and sexual helath including a) reproductive health and human rights, adolecent sexual health, b) female genital mutilation, c) HIV and other STI’s, d) abortion and post abortion care, and e) studies on quality of health personnel’s attitudes within maternal health. We have expertise in Multi-disciplinary knowledge of health challenges within the thematic area International/Global Health and infectious diseases. The Research Group consists of researchers with different educational/work bachgrounds and international experience from the field.
11. Genetic Epidemiology Research Group
Group Leader: Professor Tone Bjørge University of Bergen The research in our group is directed towards studying early determinants of cancer and birth defects, long-term follow up of children with specific health conditions and at analytic and methodological issues applicable to genetic epidemiology. We take advantage of the unique prerequisites for epidemiologic research in Norway as national health registries (e.g. Medical Birth Registry of Norway and Cancer Registry of Norway), large scale health surveys and biobanks (Norwagian Mother and Child Cohort study) which can be linked using the national identification number allocated to all individuals in Norway.
12. Research group for lifestyle epidemiology
Group Leader: Professor Grethe Tell University of Bergen The group focuses on epidemiologic studies on causes for diseases, particular lifestyle factors and other social factors. We use data from health registries like the Norwegian Medical Birth Registry, the Western Norway Cardiovascular Registry, the Norwegian Cancer registry, the Norwegian Prescription database, the Cause of Death Registry, the National Multiple Sclerosis Registry, Norwegian Patient Registry and social security data. Central sources for studies are large population based surveys like The Hordaland Health Study ’97-’99 (HUSK), The Homocysteine study in Hordaland and The Norwegian Mother and Child Cohort Study. An important element in this research is the close relationship to clinical milieus and also the strong weight on epidemiological methods.
13. The Noise and Health Research Group
Group Leader: Gunn Marit Aasvang Norwegian Institute of Public Health The noise and health research group at the Department og Air Pollution and Noise, Division of Environmental Medicine consists per October 2013 of three scientists, one PhD student and two Master students. One more PhD student will start in Nov/Dec 2013. The Research of health effects of noise is highly mulitdisiplinary and involves expertise such as environmental epidemiology, statistics, psychology, physiology, sociology and acoustics, which are mostly covered within the group. Several research projects have examined effects of traffic noise on sleep, using various methods of assessing sleep disturbances. In recent years projects have also been focused on associations between traffic noise and cardiovascular health outcomes, as well as risk factors for cardiovascular disease. As a basis for our research we have used data from HUBRO and HELMILO in which noise are modelles as residential addresses. Thus, the noise and health research are mostly epidemiological in design. In a newly NRC funded project we will examine noise effects in children by using data from the Norwegian Mother and child cohort (MoBa). The group has collaboration with acousticians at SINTEF, IKT, Oslo Kommune and Miljøakustikk as regarding noise exposure assessment. Furhtermore, the group has project collaboration with scientists at Karolinska institute (Stockholm, Sweden), UMB, UiB, UiO and Queen Mary University of London, in addition to the Department of Chronic Disease at NIPH. Scientists in the group are also involved in two large EU funded projects ESCAPE — European study of Cohorts for Air Pollution Effects and HELIX — The Human Early-Life Exposome — novel tools for integrating early-life environmental exposure and child health across Europe.
14. National Institute of Occupational Health Section for Toxicology and Biological Work Environment
Group Leader: Aage Haugen The main focus of our research group is on understanding mechanisms for individual susceptibility to disease. We have specifically investigated gene environment interactions in susceptibility to lung cancer. In collaboration with Department of Occupational Medicine and Epidemiology we have recently started investigating gene-environment interactions in breast cancer among shift workers. We have established lung cancer biobank that consists of normal and tumor tissues, DNA and RNA from both tissues. We are involved in several collaborative national and international projects. Our group is member of the international lung cancer consortium (ILCCO). We have also a biobank consisting of 1182 DNA and saliva samples from nurses working night shift in Norway.
15. Work psychology and physiology
Group Leader: Head of Dept. Stein Knardahl At the moment our group is focusing on four main activities; 1) Mechanical exposures at work (heavy physical work) and musculoskeletal symptoms 2) Psychological exposures related to health, workability, and absence from work 3) Shift work, sleep deprivation, and pain 4) Work, genes, and pain In addition our plan is to once again focus on peripheral mechanisms of pain.
16. Occupational Medicine and Epidemiology
Group Leader: Head Scientist Marit Skogstad The group consists of researchers from the National Institute of Occupational Health, The Oslo University Hospital, Faculty Division Rikshospitalet, Dep. of Respiratory Medicine and the University of Oslo, Institute of Health and Society. This group has had collaboration with Universities on the West Bank since the 1990’s with including the University of Hebron. The present group has mainly been engaged in studies of occupational exposures and health such as farmers and pesticide use, solvents and shoe workers and female hairdressers.
17. Occupational Health Surveillance
Group Leader: Scientist Tom Sterud The group’s principal activity is to analyze national population-based data in order to provide better knowledge concerning working conditions and health in Norway. Our activity is currently directed towards two main areas: 1) to identify work-related mechanical factors that contribute to musculoskeletal complaints, sick leave and disability 2) to identify work-related psychosocial factors that contribute to mental health, musculosketal complaints, sick leave and disability.
18. Work participation and work-related health: a life course perspective
Group Leader: Head Scientist Petter Kristensen We primarily conduct research that investigates the impact of early life course determinants on health– and social– outcomes later in life. Our particular focus is on understanding how people’s working conditions are associated with both early determinants and later health, and on estimating the strength of these associations. In trying to disentangle the complex relationship, we use an interdisciplinary theoretical framework that synthesizes concepts from psychology, sociology, econometrics, medicine and epidemiology. The source population for our research is all 626 928 individuals born in Norway from 1967 to 1976. We obtained annually updated data on health and demography from national registries, from 1967 up until 2012, for both the individuals and their parents. This registry-based material has further been linked with the prospective health surveys The Nord-Trøndelag Health Study (HUNT 3) and The Norwegian Mother and Child Cohort Study (MoBa). Our main analytical approach is based on lifecourse epidemiology or the study of long-term health effects of physical and social exposures during gestation, childhood, adolescence, young adulthood and later adult life. This approach entails several methodological challenges, such as such as how to model repeat observations, how to deal with hierarchical structures, and latent exposures, and how to draw causal conclusions based on observational data. Our research group is collaborating with researchers at the Department of Biostatistics, University of Oslo and Columbia University, New York, in order to strengthen our methodological understanding. Prior publications have addressed associations between early life determinants (childhood social conditions, social interaction within the family, health and health indicators) and outcomes (work participation including disability pension and sickness absence, status attainment, cause-specific mortality) in young adult age. A few method articles have also been published.
19. Workplace Stress among Nurses
Group Leader: Scientist Rita Bast-Pettersen In Norway: Rita Bast-Pettersen and Petter Kristensen: National Institute of Occupational Health, Department of Occupational Medicine and Epidemiology Espen Bjertness and Hein Stigum: Section for Preventive Medicine and Epidemiology, Department of Practice and Community The group has expertise in Epidemiology, in Occupational Health and health among Health Care personnel.
20. Cancer Registry of Norway, Institute of Population-based Cancer Research
Head of Research Department: Professor Elisabete Weiderpass Vainio The Cancer Registry of Norway is a Research Institute responsible for the national cancer registry and two national screening programs; the Breast Cancer Screening Program and the Cervical Screening Program. The main research areas are etiological, screening-based and clinical research. a) The recent focus of the etiological studies have been work– and environment related exposures, hormones, life style related factors, lifecourse research, and HPV in relation to cancer. In addition, the Janus Serum Bank allows for studies with testing of biological samples. b) In collaboration with clinical and international researchers, the Cancer Registry of Norway uses the data from the screening programs to increase the knowledge of both Breast and Cervical cancer. Currently, a Colorectal Cancer Screening Program are being piloted. c) Clinical registries – comprehensive registration schemes dedicated to specific cancers – have been established to include detailed information on diagnostic measures, therapy, and follow-up. By fostering strong collaborative links with the clinical community, the aims are to provide an empirical base for scientific studies concerning prognostic factors and treatment outcomes as well as evaluation of quality of cancer care. In addition to this, the Cancer Registry does extensive research on the incidence and mortality of cancer in Norway, and annually publishes “Cancer in Norway” which is an important source of information regarding the recent acquisition of incident cancer cases.
21. Shiftwork, sleep and pain
Group Leader: Dagfinn Matre Shift-work is considered disadvantageous for health. The present study focuses on the potential effects of shift-work related sleep deprivation on musculoskeletal pain. Several studies indicate that sleep disturbances are associated with increased risk for developing chronic pain. Experimental studies in healthy volunteers demonstrate that sleep deprivation may lead to both spontaneous pain and increased sensitivity to experimental pain. Sleep restriction has also been reported to affect neuroimmunological factors relevant for pain. In the current context we focus on the possible effect of night shift work and sleep restriction on musculoskeletal pain and inflammation in the working population, a field in which research is scarce. Hence, although there is relatively good evidence that experimental sleep restriction is associated with increased sensitivity to pain it is not known whether this is relevant for the working population. It remains to be shown in studies with repeated measures that the increased risk for musculoskeletal pain may be attributed to the night shifts per se. The present project combines an experimental and an epidemiological approach to study whether sleep deprivation, as it is practiced in non-daytime shift-work, is associated with increased pain sensitivity. In the epidemiological approach, 600 workers will report daily on health complaints, sleep quality and working hours. The principal objectives of the proposed project are i) to identify the effect of experimental sleep deprivation on pain, ii) to identify the effect of natural sleep deprivation (shift work) on pain and iii) to identify the effect of shift work on musculoskeletal pain intensity and inflammation. Participants will be recruited from health care professions like nurses and nurses' aides.
22. Registrybased studies of familial risk
Group Leader: Rolv Skjærven The main focus area is epidemiological surveillance of perinatal health problems and evaluation of health services in connection with childbirth. The Medical Birth Registry of Norway is important with information about more than two million births from 1967 up until today. Another focus area is how problems in pregnancy may predict the mother's longterm morbidity and mortality. For example, women die at younger ages if they have delivered preterm, if they have had a child with low birth weight, or if they have developed preeclampsia during pregnancy.
23. Research Group for Health Promotion in Settings
Group Leader: Steffen Torp Primary focus is health promotion in workplaces and in municipalities; workers and children and elderly. The research group is multidisciplinary (e.g. nurses, psychologists, sociologist). A total of 13 persons are affiliated with the group but only 3-4 persons work with epidemiology.
24. Experimental and Clinical Pharmacology
Group Leader: Georg Sager Studies of drogs in lactating women with emphasize on transfer to the infant. This combines epidemiological data and clinical pharmacological analysis of breast milk. In addition, the group has focus on development of new drogs combining technologies like molecular modeling (in silico) and bioinformatics, testing the leads in vitra and in viva experimental systems. This comprises compounds able to extinguish or reduce multidrug resistance against drogs used against cancer and infectious diseases, and potential psychotropic drogs.
25. Social epidemiology, work and health
Group Leader: Johan Håkon Bjørngaard The research group “Social epidemiology, work and health” consists of professors, post-docs and PhD-students at the Department of Public Health and General Practice, NTNU. The group is studying individual, occupational, cultural and gender-specific causes of unsuccessful inclusion in the workplace, absenteeism and exclusion from the labor market (sick leave, disability pension, unemployment). Central data bases used by our researchers are the Nord-Trøndelag Health Survey (HUNT) and the Nordland County Health Survey. Linking baseline data from these databases to the national social security register (FD-trygd) allows for prospective research designs and comprehensive and cost effective exploration of the causes of sickness absence and exclusion from the labor market. Several of the group members are also involved in the vocational rehabilitation research project at St. Olavs Hospital – “Hysnes Helsefort”. The research group is part of HealthWIN (the health and work inclusion network), working together with researchers in Tromsø (UiT), Oslo (UiO) and Aarhus (MarselisborgCentret).
26. Epidemiology of work-related skin diseases in Norway
Group Leader: Karl-Christian Nordby The group´s principal activity is to analyze national population-based data as well as data from different diseases registries in order to provide a better knowledge regarding work-related skin diseases in Norway.
27. PharmacoEpidemiology and Drug Safety (Pharma-Safe)
Group Leader: Professor Hedvig Nordeng The PharmacoEpidemiology & Drug Safety Research Group covers a wide range of research activities related to optimal use and safety of medication on an individual and societal level. Our work includes monitoring of drug utilization in pregnancy, perception towards medicines, methodology research, analysis of medication safety on patient outcomes and health economics. Data material comes from large population-based health registries, prescription databases, birth cohorts as well as patient interviews. Medication groups of special focus are psychotropics, analgesics and antibiotics, and especially among pregnant and breast feeding women.
28. Section for Public Health Sciences
Group leader: Professor Geir Aamodt Section for Public Health Sciences has its research focus on population health, and the associations between activity, planning, health and well-being. The group focuses on potential for preventing diseases and positive health outcomes, more than factors associated with developing diseases. The research group has its professional background in environmental epidemiology, environmental psychology, occupational science, health promotion, land-use planning and global health. There is a great variety of research projects, ranging from studies investigating how differences in land-use (residential patterns, housing density, green environment) affect children’s, adolescents’, and adults’ health; use of animals in health promoting activities; subjective health complaints and how subjective health complaints can be reduced; water, noise and air-quality and how these factors affect health; as well as individuals’ physiological perception of greenness and green environments. The research group has particular expertise in use of geographic information systems, and how to calculate various types of environmental exposure based on maps. Geographic information is an integral part of master students’ training program in epidemiology at the section for public health sciences
29. Cardiac Exercise Research Group (CERG)
Group leader: Professor Ulrik Wisløff The Cardiac Exercise Research Group (CERG) aims to define optimal exercise programs for everyday people in order to increase the likelihood of development and preservation of good health throughout life. We study the effect of exercise as a medicine in order to treat heart and lifestyle related diseases. The group consists of eminent scientists, technicians, medical doctors and promising research talent from all over the world. CERG is well balanced, including basic, translational, epidemiological, clinical, and technology experts with access to all intellectual and technical infrastructures needed, and the expertise to successfully achieve the objectives put forward. CERG is localised in the fully integrated St. Olavs University Hospital. In 2011 CERG achieved the prestigious honour of becoming a K.G. Jebsen Center for Medical Research. The group is headed by Professor Ulrik Wisløff. Research in CERG combines retrospective long-term individual characterization (´Mapping´ of health and disease) from large cohorts (genetics, gender, culture, social aspects, economic determinants, biology, physical, environment), with prospective follow-up of these cohorts and randomized life-style intervention trials in these populations at different stages of a life cycle, and experimental studies to obtain our research goals.
Occupational Health in the North
Research group leader: Anje Höper
Occupational Health in the North addresses topics concerning work life in the north, both regarding specific challenges such as cold working conditions and other workplace exposures. Research studies focus on the relationship between workplace exposures and the health of employees, aiming to improve safety, comfort, prevention strategies and personal protection equipment; important factors for a healthy workforce, for employers, public and private and society in general. The Occupational Health in the North group is cooperating closely with the Department of Occupational and Environmental Health at the University Hospital North Norway, as well as research groups in countries across the high north.