The use-case for the DAO-CPS is the Climate-ecological Observatory for Arctic Tundra (COAT). COAT’s mission is to understand how climate change will impact the Arctic tundra and its inhabitants.

COAT aims at establishing extensive monitoring systems to provide information on weather, key species and their ecological roles. Thay aim to collecting both satellite and ground-based measurements in order to monitor multiple environmental factors like vegetation cover, temperature, humidity, CO2 production.

However, the Arctic Tundra is vast and difficult to access throughout the year. Manually placing and maintaining ground-based observation units (OUs) is a demanding and time consuming activity for researchers. Once OUs are placed in the field it can take many weeks, and even several months before researchers are able to access the unit in order to collect data and perform maintenance. In addition, travelling to these remote locations is time consuming and places a strain on the local environment. This environment limits the number and geographical spread of OUs.